327th Aircraft Sustainment Wing
|327th Aircraft Sustainment Wing|
B-1 Sustainment Squadron personnel in March 2007
|Active||1942–1944, 1955-1966, 2005-2010|
|Branch||United States Air Force|
|Part of||Air Force Material Command
Oklahoma City Air Logistics Center
|Motto||Ne Defecit Animus Latin
(Courage Does Not Fail Me) (1942-1958)
Intercipere Recognoscere Destuere Latin
(Intercept, Identify, Destroy) (1958-1966)
|327th Aircraft Sustainment Wing emblem[note 1]|
|Patch with 327th Fighter Group (Air Defense) emblem (Approved 12 May 1958)|
The 327th Aircraft Sustainment Wing (327 ASW) is an inactive wing of the United States Air Force last based at Tinker Air Force Base, Oklahoma. It was last assigned to Air Force Material Command's Oklahoma City Air Logistics Center (OC-ALC).
It served as a fighter group, flying P-40s, P-47s, F-86s, and F-102s, until 1966. From 2005 to 2010 it was an aircraft sustainment wing.
- 1 History
- 2 Lineage
- 3 See also
- 4 References
- 5 External links
World War II
The 327th Fighter Group was activated at Mitchel Field, NY and assigned to I Fighter Command in mid-1942 with the 323d, 324th, and 325th Fighter Squadrons assigned. It became part of the air defense force in the upper Mid-Atlantic region, and also served as an operational training unit, using P-40 Warhawks until February 1943 when they were replaced by P-47 Thunderbolts. In 1944 the group began training replacement pilots for combat duty. In February 1944, a fourth squadron, the 443d Fighter Squadron was activated and assigned to the group when it split, with group headquarters and two squadrons remaining at Richmond Army Air Base while the other two squadrons moved to Norfolk Army Air Field, VA. The group was disbanded on 10 April 1944 and replaced by Army Air Forces Base Units at Richmond and Norfolk as part of a major reorganization of the AAF in which combat units not programmed to be shipped overseas were replaced because standard military units based on relatively inflexible tables of organization proved less well adopted to the training mission.
The group was reconstituted, redesignated as the 327th Fighter Group (Air Defense), and activated in 1955 to replace the 520th Air Defense Group as part of as part of Air Defense Command's Project Arrow, which was designed to bring back on the active list the fighter units which had compiled memorable records in the two world wars. It assumed the personnel and equipment of the 520th, while the 520th's operational squadrons, the 432d and 456th Fighter-Interceptor Squadrons (FIS) transferred their personnel and rocket armed and radar equipped F-86 Sabres to the 323d and 325th FIS, which moved on paper to Truax from Larson AFB and Hamilton AFB, respectively. These moves were made because another purpose of Project Arrow was to reunite fighter squadrons with their traditional groups. The group was assigned air defense of Great Lakes area and also was the host organization for USAF units at Truax. It was assigned a number of support organizations to fulfill its host responsibilities.
The group's 323d FIS converted to F-102A Delta Daggers in November 1956, while the 325th FIS followed in February 1957. In October 1957, the 61st FIS was assigned to the group and moved to Truax Field from Ernest Harmon AFB, Canada, where it had been part of the 4731st Air Defense Group, in a swap with the 323d FIS, which replaced it at Ernest Harmon. The group was reduced to a single operational squadron in 1960, when the 61st FIS inactivated. The 327th was inactivated in June 1966.
The 327th Aircraft Sustainment Wing organized, directed and controlled total life-cycle management of 94 B-52 Stratofortress, 585 C/KC-135, 69 B-1 Lancer and 416 contractor logistics (including tanker, trainer, telemetry, airlift, command & control and US Presidential aircraft) aircraft. Other supported systems included the B-2 Spirit, E-3 AWACS aircraft, Air Traffic Control and Landing Systems (TRACALS), and the worldwide High Frequency Global Communications System. The wing was also responsible for modification and systems upgrade to these systems. It was inactivated in 2010 and replaced by the Aerospace Sustainment Directorate of OC-ALC.
- Constituted as the 327th Fighter Group (Single Engine) on 24 June 1942
- Activated on 19 August 1942
- Disbanded on 10 April 1944
- Reconstituted and redesignated 327th Fighter Group (Air Defense), on 20 June 1955
- Redesignated 327th Tactical Fighter Group on 31 July 1985
- Redesignated 327th Aircraft Sustainment Wing on 31 January 2005
- Attached to Philadelphia Air Defense Wing, 27 August 1942 – 22 September 1942
- Philadelphia Fighter Wing, 1943
- I Fighter Command, 1943 – 10 April 1944
- 4706th Air Defense Wing, 18 August 1955
- 37th Air Division, 8 July 1956
- 30th Air Division, 1 April 1959
- Chicago Air Defense Sector, 1 June 1959
- 20th Air Division, 1 April 1966 - 25 June 1966
- Oklahoma City Air Logistics Center, 18 February 2005 -30 June 2010
- Mitchel Field, New York, 25 August 1942
- Philadelphia Airport, Pennsylvania, 27 August 1942
- Richmond Army Air Base, Virginia, ca. 22 September 1942 – 10 April 1944
- Truax Field, Wisconsin, 18 August 1955 – 25 June 1966
- Tinker Air Force Base, Oklahoma, 18 February 2005 -30 June 2010
- 327th Bomber and Cruise Missile Sustainment Group (later 327th Aircraft Sustainment Group), 18 February 2005 - 30 June 2010
- 540th Aircraft Sustainment Squadron
- P-40 Warhawk, 1942-1943
- P-47 Thunderbolt, 1943-1944
- F-86D Sabre, 1955-1957
- F-102A, 1956-1966
- The Medusa's head on this emblem is based on the unit's World War II emblem approved 27 February 1943. Maurer, Combat Units, pp. 208-209.
- Maurer, Combat Units, pp. 208-209
- Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 398
- Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 399
- Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 400-401
- Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 548-549
- Goss, p. 75
- Cornett & Johnson, p. 82
- Buss, et al., p.6
- Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 534
- Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 562
- Cornett & Johnson, p. 125
- "Abstract, History 327 Infirmary, Jul-Dec 1955". Air Force History Index. Retrieved May 26, 2012.
- Abstract, History of 327th Air Base Squadron, CY 1958-1959. Retrieved 26 May 2012
- Cornett & Johnson, p. 145
- Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 237
- Tinker AFB Factsheet, Oklahoma City Air Logistics Center. Retrieved 14 June 2012
- Tinker AFB News Story: Previous 327th ASW unit to new OC-ALC/GK names and symbols. Retrieved 14 June 2012
- Lineage to this entry at Maurer, Combat Units, p. 209
- Cornett & Johnson, p. 79
- DAF/MPM Letter 648q, 31 July 1985, Subject: Reconstitution, Redesignation, and Consolidation of Selected Air Force Organizations
- Air Force Organizational Status Change Report, Feb 2005, Research Division, Air Force Historical Research Agency
- Air Force Organizational Status Change Report, Jun 2010, Research Division, Air Force Historical Research Agency
- Maurer, Combat Units, p. 428
- Stations to this entry at Maurer, Combat Units, p. 209
- AFHRA Factsheet, 61st Fighter Squadron. Retrieved May 25, 2012
- Abstract, History of 327th USAF Dispensary, Jan-Mar 1966. Retrieved 26 May 2012
- Abstract, History of 327th Combat Support Squadron, Jan-Mar 1965. Retrieved 26 May 2012
- Cornett & Johnson, p. 139
- Abstract, History of 327th Supply Squadron, Jan-Mar 1965. Retrieved 26 May 2012
- Air Force Organizational Status Change Report, Apr 2008, Research Division, Air Force Historical Research Agency
- Air Force Organizational Status Change Report, Apr 2006, Research Division, Air Force Historical Research Agency
- Buss, Lydus H.(ed), Sturm, Thomas A., Volan, Denys, and McMullen, Richard F., History of Continental Air Defense Command and Air
- Cornett, Lloyd H; Johnson, Mildred W (1980). A Handbook of Aerospace Defense Organization, 1946-1980 (PDF). Peterson AFB, CO: Office of History, Aerospace Defense Center. Defense Command July to December 1955, Directorate of Historical Services, Air Defense Command, Ent AFB, CO, 1956
- Goss, William A (1955). "The Organization & its Responsibilities, Chapter 2 The AAF". In Craven, Wesley F & Cate, James L. The Army Air Forces in World War II. VI, Men & Planes. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. LCCN 48-3657.
- Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1983) . Air Force Combat Units of World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-02-1. LCCN 61060979.
- Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1982) . Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-405-12194-6. LCCN 70605402. OCLC 72556.
- Tinker AFB Home Page
- 327th Aircraft Sustainment Wing
- Tinker Take Off July 23-July 27, 2010: Article, 327th ASW holds inactivation ceremony. Retrieved 15 June 2012