332d Fighter-Interceptor Squadron
|332d Fighter-Interceptor Squadron|
332d Fighter-Interceptor Squadron Convair F-102A Delta Dagger
|Branch||United States Air Force|
|Patch with 332d Fighter-Interceptor Squadron emblem (approved 29 February 1956)|
The 332d Fighter-Interceptor Squadron is an inactive United States Air Force unit. Its last assignment was with the 4683rd Air Defense Wing at Thule Air Base, Greenland, where it was inactivated on 31 May 1965.
The squadron was first organized during World War II as the 332d Fighter Squadron. It trained fighter pilots until March 1944 when it was disbanded in a reorganization of the Army Air Forces' training and support units. The squadron was again organized in 1953 as an air defense organization. It moved to Greenland in 1960.
World War II
The squadron was first activated at Hamilton Field, California in July 1942 as one of the three original squadrons of the 329th Fighter Group. Four days after its activation, the squadron moved to Paine Field, Washington and equipped with Lockheed P-38 Lightnings. The squadron initially acted as an Operational Training Unit (OTU). The OTU program involved establishing an oversized parent unit which would provide cadres to organize "satellite groups." The 332d also served as a Replacement Training Unit, training Lightning pilots in the final phases of fighter pilot training before shipping overseas.
In September 1942 the 329th Group headquarters moved to Grand Central Air Terminal, California, while the 332d moved to Santa Ana Army Air Base. Most of the group eventually found itself at Ontario Army Air Field, California. The squadrons moved there in 1943, and were joined the other squadrons later that year, while group headquarters moved in February 1944. The squadron was disbanded in 1944 as part of an Army Air Forces (AAF) reorganization in which units not programmed to deploy overseas were replaced by AAF Base Units in order to free up manpower for overseas assignment because standard military units, based on relatively inflexible tables of organization were not proving well adapted to the training mission. Accordingly, a more functional system was adopted in which each AAF base was organized into a separate numbered unit.
Cold war air defense
The squadron was reconstituted, redesignated the 332d Fighter-Interceptor Squadron and activated at New Castle County Airport, Delaware in March 1953 as the second squadron of the 525th Air Defense Group. It was equipped with Lockheed F-94C Starfires armed with Mighty Mouse Rockets rather than the cannons of its sister squadron's F-94B Starfires. It continued in the air defense role at New Castle until August 1955, when its personnel and Starfighters were transferred to the 97th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron as part of Air Defense Command's Project Arrow, which was designed to bring back on the active list the fighter units which had compiled memorable records in the two world wars.
Project Arrow did not see the end of the 332d. Instead, it moved on paper to McGuire Air Force Base, New Jersey, where it took over the personnel and North American F-86D Sabres of the 2d Fighter-Interceptor Squadron[note 1] At McGuire, the squadron was assigned to the 4709th Air Defense Wing until the implementation of the Semi-Automatic Ground Environment (SAGE) air defense system. The 4621st Air Defense Wing (SAGE) was organized at McGuire in the Spring of 1956 and attached to the 4709th Wing until the 4621st Wing assumed the mission of the 4709th wing in October 1956. As SAGE became operational, the squadron upgraded its Sabres to the F-86L model, which was equipped with data link for interception control through the SAGE system.
In July 1959, the squadron moved to England Air Force Base, Louisiana, where it began to train with Convair F-102 Delta Daggers, which were armed with AIM-4 Falcons. A little more than a year later, the unit moved to Thule Air Base, Greenland, where it resumed the air defense mission that had been carried out at Thule until March 1960 by the 327th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron. The squadron was inactivated in 1965, when the air defense mission at Thule became one of surveillance.
- Constituted as the 332d Fighter Squadron (Twin Engine) on 24 June 1942
- Activated on 10 July 1942
- Disbanded on 31 March 1944
- Reconstituted and redesignated 332d Fighter-Interceptor Squadron on 11 February 1953
- The 2d moved to Suffolk County Air Force Base to join its World War II headquarters in another Project Arrow move. Maurer, Combat Squadrons, 14.
- Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 410
- Maurer, Combat Units, p. 210
- Craven & Cate, Introduction, p. xxxvi
- "Abstract, History 329 Fighter Group, Activation-Dec 1943". Air Force History Index. Retrieved May 30, 2012.
- Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 417
- Goss, p. 75
- Cornett & Johnson, p.121
- Cornett & Johnson, p.127
- Buss, Sturm, Volan, & McMullen, p.6
- Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 323-324
- Cornett & Johnson, p. 66
- Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 403-404
- Lineage, including assignments, aircraft and stations, through 1963 in Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 410
- Cornett, Lloyd H; Johnson, Mildred W (1980). A Handbook of Aerospace Defense Organization, 1946 - 1980 (PDF). Peterson AFB, CO: Office of History, Aerospace Defense Center. Retrieved March 23, 2012.
- Craven, Wesley F.; Cate, James L., eds. (1955). The Army Air Forces in World War II (PDF). Vol. VI, Men & Planes. Chicago, Illinois: University of Chicago Press. LCCN 48003657. OCLC 704158. Retrieved December 17, 2016.
- Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1983) . Air Force Combat Units of World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-02-1. LCCN 61060979. Retrieved December 17, 2016.
- Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1982) . Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-405-12194-6. LCCN 70605402. OCLC 72556. Retrieved December 17, 2016.
- Buss, Lydus H.(ed), Sturm, Thomas A., Volan, Denys, and McMullen, Richard F., History of Continental Air Defense Command and Air Defense Command July to December 1955, Directorate of Historical Services, Air Defense Command, Ent AFB, CO, (1956)
- "ADCOM's Fighter Interceptor Squadrons". The Interceptor. Aerospace Defense Command. 21 (1): 5–11, 26–31, 40–45, 54–59. January 1979.