49th Guards Rifle Division

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49th Guards Rifle Division (13 October 1942 – 22 October 1945)
Active1942–1945
Country Soviet Union
BranchRed Army flag.svg Red Army
TypeDivision
RoleInfantry
EngagementsBattle of Stalingrad
Jassy–Kishinev Offensive
Siege of Budapest
Vienna Offensive
DecorationsOrder of the Red Banner Order of the Red Banner Order of Suvorov 2nd Class Order of Suvorov
Battle honoursKhersonskaya
Commanders
Notable
commanders
V. F. Margelov

The 49th Guards Rifle Division was an infantry division of the Red Army. The division was formed in October 1942 from the 2nd Guards Motor Rifle Division.

Formation[edit]

The 49th Guards Rifle Division was formed in the Western Front reserves near Moscow on 13 October 1942 from the remains of the 2nd Guards Motor Rifle Division. The unit was immediately assigned to the newly formed 13th Guards Rifle Corps in the 2nd Guards Army. They were sent south to the Stalingrad area in December 1942 and went into action south of Stalingrad. When formed, its order of battle was as follows:

  • 144th Guards Rifle Regiment
  • 147th Guards Rifle Regiment
  • 149th Guards Rifle Regiment
  • 100th Guards Artillery Regiment
  • 56th Guards Separate Anti-tank Battalion
  • 64th Guards Anti-Aircraft Battery (up to 25 April 1943)
  • 1st Guards Machine Gun Battalion (up to 1 June 1943)
  • 51st Guards Reconnaissance Company
  • 57th Guards Separate Sapper Battalion
  • 77th Guards Separate Signals Battalion
  • 561st (53rd) Medical and Sanitation Battalion
  • 52nd Guards Separate Chemical Defense Company
  • 609th (53rd) Auto-Transport Company
  • 638th (48th) Field Bakery
  • 641st (50th) Divisional Veterinary Hospital
  • 572nd Field Postal Station
  • 44th Field Office of State Bank
    Troops of the division on the march during the Jassy-Kishinev Offensive, late August 1944

Later the division helped liberate Kherson (the name "Khersonskaya" was conferred on the division). It took part in the liberation of Romania and Hungary.

The division ended the war in Austria. By this time the division had the following honorifics: Khersonskaya, Order of the Red Banner, Order of Suvorov 2nd Class.

Postwar[edit]

After the end of the war the division became a part of the Southern Group of Forces, being reorganised as the 33rd Guards Mechanised Division.[1] In September 1949 the 33rd Guards Mechanized Division[2] arrived in Timișoara from the Odessa Military District, becoming part of the Special Mechanized Army. The 33rd Guards Mechanized Division was detached to the Special Corps and fought in Operation Whirlwind, the suppression of the Hungarian Revolution of 1956.[3] After the end of the operation, the division became part of the newly reformed Southern Group of Forces. On 4 June 1957, the division became the 33rd Guards Motor Rifle Division.[4] The division was based at Győr with the 38th Army. In 1958 it moved to Kishinev and became part of the 14th Army. The division was disbanded there on 8 October 1960.[5]

Commanders[edit]

  • Major General P. G. Chanchibadze (25 Oct – 14 Nov, 1942)
  • Colonel D. P. Podshivailov - (15 Nov 1942 – 11 Apr 1943). Promoted Major General 27 Nov 1942.
  • Colonel G. Ya. Kolesnikov - (12 Apr – 14 Nov, 1943)
  • Lieutenant Colonel L. I. Puzanov (1 Dec 1943 – 10 Jan 1944)
  • Colonel V. F. Margelov (11 Jan – 15 May, 1944)
  • Colonel S. V. Salychev - (16 May – 21 June, 1944)
  • Colonel V. F. Margelov (22 Jun 1944 – 11 May 1945). Promoted Major General 13 Sep 1944.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Feskov et al 2013, p. 71
  2. ^ Drogovoz 2003, p. 397.
  3. ^ Feskov et al 2013, p. 425.
  4. ^ Feskov et al 2013, p. 205.
  5. ^ Feskov et al 2013, pp. 162, 164.

Sources[edit]

  • Drogovoz, Igor (2003). Танковый меч страны Советов [Tank Sword of the Soviet country] (in Russian). Moscow: AST. ISBN 9851311332.
  • Feskov, V.I.; Golikov, V.I.; Kalashnikov, K.A.; Slugin, S.A. (2013). Вооруженные силы СССР после Второй Мировой войны: от Красной Армии к Советской [The Armed Forces of the USSR after World War II: From the Red Army to the Soviet: Part 1 Land Forces] (in Russian). Tomsk: Scientific and Technical Literature Publishing. ISBN 9785895035306.