33rd century BC
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|Millennium:||4th millennium BC|
|Categories:||Births – Deaths |
Establishments – Disestablishments
The 33rd century BC was a century which lasted from the year 3300 BC to 3201 BC.
- Major climate shift possibly due to shift in solar activity. Glaciers expand, covering plants. Atmospheric temperatures fall.
- Sahara changes from a habitable region into a barren desert
- Ancient Egypt begins using clay, bone and ivory tags to label boxes, possibly an example of proto-writing
- Indus Valley Civilization (also known as Harappan civilization) begins in Harappa
- c. 3300 BC: Harappan script is developed in Indus Valley
- c. 3300 BC: Pictographs in Uruk
- 3300 BC: to 3000 BC: Face of a woman, from Uruk (modern Warka, Iraq) is made. It is now in the Iraq Museum, Baghdad (stolen and recovered in 2003).
- c. 3300 BC: The Red Temple, the first phase of the Monte d'Accoddi sanctuary in Northwest Sardinia, is built.
- 3300-3000 BC: Evidence of proto-Thracians or proto-Dacians in the prehistoric period. Proto-Dacian or proto-Thracian people developed from a mixture of indigenous peoples and Indo-Europeans from the time of Proto-Indo-European expansion in the Early Bronze Age
Inventions, discoveries, introductions
- The Bronze Age begins in the Fertile Crescent (Roux, 1980)
- Cattle introduced to the Nile valley
- Egyptians domesticate the wild ass of North Africa (Clutton-Brock)
- c. 3250 BC – Potter's wheel in use in Ancient Near East
- Ötzi the Iceman, a mummy discovered in the Austrian/Italian Alps in 1991