|Discovered by||L. Ball|
|Discovery site||Emerald Lane Obs.|
|Discovery date||3 September 2000|
|MPC designation||34351 Decatur|
|Decatur (U.S. city)|
|2000 RZ8 · 1996 YW3
|Orbital characteristics |
|Epoch 31 July 2016 (JD 2457600.5)|
|Uncertainty parameter 0|
|Observation arc||24.00 yr (8,765 days)|
|5.06 yr (1,846 days)|
|0° 11m 42s / day|
|Dimensions||±2 km (calculated) 5|
34351 Decatur, provisional designation 2000 RZ8, is an asteroid from the outer region of the asteroid belt, approximately 5 kilometers in diameter. It was discovered on 3 September 2000, by American amateur astronomer Loren C. Ball at his U.S. Emerald Lane Observatory in Decatur, Alabama.
The asteroid orbits the Sun at a distance of 2.7–3.2 AU once every 5 years and 1 month (1,846 days). Its orbit has a low eccentricity of 0.07 and an inclination of 1° with respect to the ecliptic. The first precovery was taken at Steward Observatory (Kitt Peak-Spacewatch) in 1992, extending the asteroid's observation arc by 8 years prior to its discovery. As of 2016, the asteroid's effective size, its composition and albedo, as well as its rotation period and shape remain unknown. Based on an absolute magnitude of 14.7, the asteroid is calculated to measure between 3 and 7 kilometers in diameter, assuming an albedo in the range of 0.05 to 0.25.
The minor planet is named after the city of Decatur in the U.S. state of Alabama, location of the discovering observatory and home of the discoverer. Decatur is located near NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center. Naming citation was published on 27 April 2002 (M.P.C. 45345).
- "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 34351 Decatur (2000 RZ8)" (2015-12-31 last obs.). Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved June 2016.
- Schmadel, Lutz D. (2007). Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – (34351) Decatur. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 891. ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3. Retrieved June 2016.
- "Absolute Magnitude (H)". NASA/JPL. Retrieved June 2016.
- "34351 Decatur (2000 RZ8)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved June 2016.
- "MPC/MPO/MPS Archive". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved June 2016.
- Asteroid Lightcurve Database (LCDB), query form (info)
- Dictionary of Minor Planet Names, Google books
- Asteroids and comets rotation curves, CdR – Observatoire de Genève, Raoul Behrend
- Discovery Circumstances: Numbered Minor Planets (30001)-(35000) – Minor Planet Center
- 34351 Decatur at the JPL Small-Body Database