344 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
344 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar344 BC
Ab urbe condita410
Ancient Egypt eraXXX dynasty, 37
- PharaohNectanebo II, 17
Ancient Greek era109th Olympiad (victor
Assyrian calendar4407
Balinese saka calendarN/A
Bengali calendar−936
Berber calendar607
Buddhist calendar201
Burmese calendar−981
Byzantine calendar5165–5166
Chinese calendar丙子年 (Fire Rat)
2353 or 2293
    — to —
丁丑年 (Fire Ox)
2354 or 2294
Coptic calendar−627 – −626
Discordian calendar823
Ethiopian calendar−351 – −350
Hebrew calendar3417–3418
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat−287 – −286
 - Shaka SamvatN/A
 - Kali Yuga2757–2758
Holocene calendar9657
Iranian calendar965 BP – 964 BP
Islamic calendar995 BH – 994 BH
Javanese calendarN/A
Julian calendarN/A
Korean calendar1990
Minguo calendar2255 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−1811
Thai solar calendar199–200
Tibetan calendar阳火鼠年
(male Fire-Rat)
−217 or −598 or −1370
    — to —
(female Fire-Ox)
−216 or −597 or −1369

Year 344 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Rutilus and Torquatus (or, less frequently, year 410 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 344 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]

Persian Empire[edit]


  • The Athenian statesman, Demosthenes, travels to Peloponnesus, in order to detach as many cities as possible from Macedon's influence, but his efforts are generally unsuccessful. Most of the Peloponnesians see Philip II as the guarantor of their freedom, so they send a joint embassy to Athens to express their grievances against Demosthenes' activities. In response to these complaints, Demosthenes delivers the Second Philippic, which is a vehement attack against Philip II.


  • The aristocracy of Syracuse appeal to their mother city of Corinth against their tyrant Dionysius II. The Corinthian general Timoleon is chosen to lead a liberation force to Sicily. Landing at Tauromenium (Taormina) on March 21st, Timoleon faces two armies, one under Dionysius and the other under Hicetas (tyrant of nearby Leontini), who has also called in Carthaginian forces. By shrewd tactics Timoleon defeats his enemies and occupies Syracuse.
  • Dionysius II goes into exile once more after the successful invasion by Timoleon of Corinth.

By topic[edit]


  • The Greek philosopher and scientist, Aristotle, travels from Assus to Lesbos to study natural history, especially marine biology.