116th Mechanized Infantry Division (People's Republic of China)
|116th Division (1948-52)
116th Infantry Division (1952-60)
116th Army Division (1960-85)
116th Mechanized Infantry Division (1985-)
|Branch||People's Liberation Army Ground Force|
|Part of||39th Army|
|Garrison/HQ||Shenyang Military Region|
The 116th Division was a military formation of the People's Volunteer Army (Chinese People's Volunteers (CPV) or Chinese Communist Forces (CCF)) during the Korean War with a standard strength of approximately 10,000 men.
The 116th Division was one of the first CCF divisions to attack the UN forces as they approached the Yalu River. It effectively reduced the 8th Cavalry Regiment of the 1st Cavalry Division to a combat ineffective unit, after inflicting severe losses on them at Unsan. In all, over eight hundred men of the 8th Cavalry were killed or captured—almost one-third of the regiment’s strength.
The enemy [Chinese] force that brought tragedy to the 8th Cavalry at Unsan was the CCF’s 116th Division. Elements of the 116th’s 347th Regiment were responsible for the roadblock south of Unsan. Also engaged in the Unsan action was the 115th Division.
The division was involved with the rest of the 39th Army in the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989. On the evening of 3 June, Xu Feng, the division commander, switched to plain clothes and carried out his own reconnaissance of the city. When he returned, he told subordinates "not to look for him" and went into the division's communications vehicle. Thereafter, the division maintained radio silence and did not advance on Beijing, except for the 347th Regiment under Ai Husheng, which complied with orders and went to Tiananmen Square on 4 June. On 5 June, the rest of the division was escorted by other units to the square. Xu Feng was later disciplined for passive resistance.
- Appleman, Roy E. (1992). "XXXIX The Big Question". South to the Naktong, North to the Yalu. United States Army Center of Military History. p. 768. CMH Pub 20-2-1. Archived from the original on 23 December 2009. Retrieved 1 January 2010.
- Gammons, Stephen L.Y. The Korean War: The UN Offensive, pg 28. United States Army Center of Military History. Archived from the original on 15 January 2010. Retrieved 1 January 2010.
- Anthony H. Cordesman; Martin Kleiber (2007). Chinese Military Modernization: Force Development and Strategic Capabilities. CSIS. pp. 76–. ISBN 978-0-89206-496-0.
- (Chinese) Fang Bing, "参与六四镇压军官公开事件真相" Voice of America 2002-05-30