349th Squadron (Belgium)
|No. 349 (Belgian) Squadron RAF
Spitfire Mark IXCs of No. 349 (Belgian) Squadron, 1943-4.
|Active||10 November 1942 - May 1943
5 June 1943 - 24 October 1946
1946 – present
|Branch|| RAF 1942 -1946
|Part of||10th Tactical Wing|
|Motto(s)||Strike Hard, Strike Home|
|Fighter||F-16 Fighting Falcon|
Frank De Winne
|Squadron Badge||Two morning stars in saltire|
|Squadron Codes||GE (Jan 1943 - Oct 1946)|
349th Squadron (French: 349e escadrille, Dutch: 349ste Smaldeel) is one of the traditional fighter squadrons in the Air Component of the Belgian Armed Forces. Originally formed in England in 1942 as No 349 (Belgian) Squadron of the Royal Air Force, it was transferred to the Belgian Air Force, along with the other Belgian squadron of the RAF, No. 350 Squadron, in 1946.
Considered a 'honorary' squadron, it retained its original name and numbering and has been flying in Belgian colors ever since. Today, it is part of the 10th Tactical Wing and operates F-16 Fighting Falcons from the Kleine Brogel airfield.
With the Royal Air Force
No 349 (Belgian) Squadron was formed as a Royal Air Force squadron by Belgian personal at RAF Ikeja (near Lagos), Nigeria on 10 November 1942. The squadron was equipped with the Curtiss Tomahawk for local defence duties but the squadron did not become operational as such. The pilots were used for ferrying aircraft to the Middle East instead. The squadron was disbanded in May 1943 and the personnel transferred to the UK. On 5 June 1943 the Squadron was reformed at RAF Station Wittering with the Supermarine Spitfire V and became operational at RAF Station Digby in August 1943. The Squadron moved to southern England to operate over France on bomber escorts and low-level sweeps. In early 1944 it began to train as a fighter-bomber unit and then operated in this role in occupied Europe. During the invasion of Normandy it carried out beachhead patrols and then were used as bomber escorts. In August 1944 the squadron moved to France in the fighter-bomber role, it carried out armed reconnaissance behind enemy positions and attacked targets of opportunity (mainly vehicles). In February 1945 the Squadron returned to England to convert to the Hawker Tempest. This did not go well, conversion was stopped in April, and the Squadron re-gained Spitfire IXs operating from the Netherlands. It moved to Belgium and was disbanded as an RAF Squadron on 24 October 1946 on transfer to the Belgian Air Force, keeping the number.
Aircraft operated during RAF service
|Jan 1943||Apr 1943||Curtiss Tomahawk||Mk.I|
|Jun 1943||Feb 1944||Supermarine Spitfire||Mk.V|
|Feb 1944||Feb 1945||Supermarine Spitfire||LF.IXe|
|Feb 1945||Apr 1945||Hawker Tempest||Mk.V|
|Apr 1945||May 1945||Supermarine Spitfire||Mk.IXb|
|May 1945||Oct 1946||Supermarine Spitfire||LF.XVIe|
|Jan 1943||Jul 1944||Sqn Ldr I.G. du Monceau de Bergendael, DFC & Bar, CdG|
|Jul 1944||Mar 1945||Sqn Ldr A.A. Van der Velde|
|Mar 1945||Dec 1945||Sqn Ldr Raymond "Cheval" Lallemant, DFC & Bar|
|Dec 1945||Oct 1946||Sqn Ldr A.A. Van der Velde, DFC|
Under Belgian command
In 1946, the unit became integrated into the Belgian Air Force. From 1998, the unit was commanded by the future Belgian astronaut Frank De Winne.
From 1957 to 1964, the squadron flew the Avro Canada CF-100 Canuck aircraft.
In 1999, the squadron participated in the NATO bombing of Yugoslavia. In 2005 and 2008 it was deployed to Kabul as part of the ISAF mission in Afghanistan. In 2011, it was part of Operation Unified Protector during the Libyan civil war.
- Halley 1988, p. 381.
- Jefford 2001, p. 90.
- Rawlings 1978, p. 416.
- Donnet, Mike and Leon Branders. Ils en Etaient !. Brussels, Belgium: Pierre De Meyere, Editeur, 1979.
- Halley, James J. The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force & Commonwealth, 1918-1988. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air-Britain (Historians) Ltd., 1988. ISBN 0-85130-164-9.
- Jefford, Wing Commander C.G., MBE,BA,RAF (Retd). RAF Squadrons, a Comprehensive Record of the Movement and Equipment of all RAF Squadrons and their Antecedents since 1912. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing, 2001. ISBN 1-84037-141-2.
- Lallemant, Lt. Colonel R.A. Rendez-vous avec la chance (in French). Paris: Robert Laffont, 1962.
- Rawlings, John D.R. Fighter Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft. London: Macdonald and Jane's (Publishers) Ltd., 1969 (new revised edition 1976, reprinted 1978). ISBN 0-354-01028-X.
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