34th Strategic Squadron

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34th Strategic Squadron
Shield Strategic Air Command.png
Photographic copy of photograph, n.d. (original photograph in 55th Wing Historian files, Offutt AFB, Bellevue, Nebraska). Looking glass aircraft on runway. - Offutt Air Force Base, HAER NE-9-B-13.tif
Looking Glass aircraft on runway at Offutt Air Force Base
Active 1958-1976; 1978-1990
Country  United States
Branch  United States Air Force
Role Control of deployed strategic forces
Part of Strategic Air Command
Decorations Air Force Outstanding Unit Award with Combat "V" Device
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award
Republic of Vietnam Gallantry Cross with Palm[1][2]
Insignia
Patch with 34th Strategic Squadron emblem 0034 STRATEGIC SQUADRON.jpg
Patch with 34th Air Refueling Squadron emblem 34th Air Refueling Squadron.png

The 34th Strategic Squadron is an inactive United States Air Force unit. It was last assigned to the 11th Strategic Group at Zaragoza Air Base, Spain. It was inactivated on 7 August 1990.

The first predecessor of the squadron, the 34th Air Transport Squadron served on the South Atlantic ferrying route during World War II until it was disbanded in 1943. The squadron was reconstituted as a Military Air Transport Service unit at McChord Air Force Base from 1952 through 1955.

The 34th Air Refueling Squadron served as a refueling and command and control unit with Strategic Air Command from 1957 to 1972. The two squadrons were consolidated into a single unit in 1985.

Overview[edit]

At Zaragoza the unit supported the European Tanker Task Force under the direction of the 7th Air Division located at Ramstein Air Base, Germany.

History[edit]

World War II[edit]

The first predecessor of the squadron was activated at Ibura Airport, near Recife, Brazil in July 1942 as the 34th Ferrying Squadron, serving with the 9th Ferrying Group on the South Atlantic ferrying route. In March 1943, the group and squadron replaced their "ferrying" designation to "transport." In October 1943, Air Transport Command reorganized its overseas units and the 34th Squadron was disbanded and its personnel and equipment were transferred to Station 10, South Atlantic Wing, Air Transport Command.

Military Air Transport Service[edit]

MATS C-124 Globemaster II

In 1952, Military Air Transport Service replaced most of its Major Command controlled airlift squadrons with Air Force controlled units. As part of this action, the 34th Air Transport Squadron, equipped with Douglas C-124 Globemaster IIs,[3] was activated at McChord Air Force Base and assigned to the 1705th Air Transport Group.[4] The squadron performed airlift missions in the western United States and Pacific area until inactivating in 1955.[5]

Strategic Air Command[edit]

Operations in the United States[edit]

The 34th Air Refueling Squadron was initially activated at Offutt Air Force Base,[6] Nebraska and assigned to the 340th Bombardment Wing at Whiteman Air Force Base, Missouri. It was equipped with Boeing KC-97 aircraft to provide air refueling to Strategic Air Command (SAC) and other tactical aircraft.

In 1961 SAC looked for a practical airborne counterpart to its underground command post starting in the summer of 1960. Modified Boeing KC-135A Stratotanker aircraft were assigned to the 34th for this mission and the first Operation Looking Glass mission flown by the squadron took off on 3 February 1961. In March 1963, the squadron was equipped eight specially-configured KC-135As SAC's command and control mission. These planes were replaced the following August by KC-135B aircraft with turbofan engines and advanced electronics equipment. These aircraft could remain aloft for longer periods because they added receiver capabilities for air refueling operations, retaining their tanker configuration as well. These new aircraft were soon redesignated as Boeing EC-135Cs. In July 1965, these aircraft and their mission were transferred to the 38th Strategic Reconnaissance Squadron.[7]

The squadron moved to Pease Air Force Base, New Hampshire on 25 June 1966[8] and flew KC-135 Stratotankers on a worldwide scale and was assigned to the 509th Bombardment Wing until inactivated on 31 March 1976.

European operations[edit]

On 1 August 1978, it was redesignated as the 34th Strategic Squadron and activated at Zaragoza Air Base, Spain supporting the European Tanker Task Force under the 7th Air Division at Ramstein Air Base, Germany.

On 19 September 1985 the 34th Strategic Squadron was consolidated with the 34th Air Transport Squadron, Heavy, a unit that was last active 1 July 1955.[9]

The consolidated squadron was inactivated in preparation for the inactivation of SAC and the assumption of its European activities by elements of Air Combat Command, Air Mobility Command, and United States Air Forces Europe.

Lineage[edit]

34th Air Transport Squadron

  • Constituted as the 34th Ferrying Squadron and activated c. 9 July 1942
Redesignated 34th Transport Squadron c. 24 March 1943
Disbanded 10 October 1943
  • Reconstituted on 20 June 1952 and redesignated 34th Air Transport Squadron, Heavy
Activated on 20 July 1952
Inactivated on 1 July 1955[5]
  • Consolidated on 19 September 1985 with the 34th Air Refueling Squadron as the 34th Air Refueling Squadron[9]

34th Strategic Squadron

  • Constituted as the 34th Air Refueling Squadron, Heavy
Activated on 1 October 1958
Inactivated on 1 March 1972
  • Redesignated 34th Strategic Squadron
Activated on 1 August 1978
  • Consolidated on 19 September 1985 with the 34th Air Transport Squadron[9]
Inactivated on 31 March 1992

Assignments[edit]

Stations[edit]

  • Ibura Airport, Brazil, c. 9 July 1942 – 10 October 1943
  • McChord Air Force Base, Washington, 20 July 1952 – 1 July 1955[13]
  • Offutt Air Force Base, Nebraska, 1 October 1958[6]
  • Pease Air Force Base, New Hampshire, 25 June 1966 – 31 March 1976[8]
  • Zaragoza Air Base, Spain, 1 August 1978 – 31 March 1992

Aircraft[edit]

  • Various, 1942-1943
  • Douglas C-124 Globemaster II, 1952-1955[3]
  • Boeing KC-135 Stratotanker, 1958-1976; 1978-1992[7]
  • Boeing EC-135A, 1961-1963
  • Boeing EC-135C, 1963-1966[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ AF Pamphlet 900-2, p. 166
  2. ^ AF Pamphlet 900-2, Vol. 2, p. 25
  3. ^ a b "Abstract, History 1705 Air Transport Group Jan-Jun 1955". Air Force History Index. Retrieved April 17, 2017. 
  4. ^ a b "Abstract, History 1705 Air Transport Group Jul-Dec 1952". Air Force History Index. Retrieved April 17, 2017. 
  5. ^ a b c "Abstract, History 1705 Air Transport Group Jul-Dec 1955". Air Force History Index. Retrieved April 17, 2017. 
  6. ^ a b Mueller, p. 458
  7. ^ a b c Ogletree, Greg. "A History of the Post Attack Command and Control System (PACCS)". Strategic Air Command Airborne Command and Control Association. Archived from the original on 10 September 2012. Retrieved May 14, 2014. 
  8. ^ a b Mueller, p. 470
  9. ^ a b c Department of the Air Force/MPM Letter 662q, 19 September 85, Subject: Reconstitution, Redesignation, and Consolidation of Selected Air Force Tactical Squadrons
  10. ^ Ravenstein, p. 179
  11. ^ Ravenstein, p. 208
  12. ^ Ravenstein, p. 276
  13. ^ Mueller, p. 395

Bibliography[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.