34th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment

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34th Regiment New York Volunteer Infantry
Flag of New York (1778-1901).svg
Active June 15th, 1861 to June 30, 1863
Country  United States
Allegiance Union
Branch Infantry
Engagements Battle of Ball's Bluff
Battle of Yorktown (1862)
Battle of Fair Oaks
Seven Days' Battles
Battle of Antietam
Battle of Fredericksburg
Battle of Chancellorsville
Insignia
2nd Division, II Corps IIcorpsbadge2.png

The 34th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment, the "Herkimer Regiment", was an infantry regiment of the Union Army during the American Civil War.

Service[edit]

The regiment was organized in Albany, New York, on May 24, 1861, and was mustered in for a two-year enlistment on June 15, 1861; it was composed of five companies from Herkimer County, two from Steuben, one from Albany, one from Clinton and one from Essex County. Part of the 38th Militia entered this regiment on June 8, 1863; the regiment was mustered out of service on June 30, 1863, and those men who had signed three year enlistments were transferred to the 82nd New York.

34th New York Infantry monument at Antietam National Battlefield.

The companies were recruited principally:

During the Battle of Antietam, the regiment was assigned to the 1st Brigade (Willis A. Gorman commanding), 2nd Division (John Sedgwick commanding), II Corps (Edwin V. Sumner commanding).

125th PA & 34th NY (inside yellow oval) are counter-attacked shortly after 9 a.m.

At 7:30 on the morning of September 17, 1862, the Thirty-fourth Regiment left camp near Keedysville, crossed the Antietam Creek and marched westward into the East Woods, now extinct. Facing Westward being on the extreme left of Brigade line it emerged from the East Woods and soon became heavily engaged with the Confederate forces in its front. Crossing the open field and the Hagerstown Pike, it entered the West Woods, now also extinct, the line extending North and South of the Dunkard Church. The left of the Regiment being unprotected was in danger of being enveloped by the enemy, and a hasty retreat became necessary; the Regiment reforming near the East Woods with its organization intact. In a very brief time 43 men had been killed and 74 wounded, the killed being 13 percent of all engaged.[1] The regiment was detached from the brigade and moved directly to the front, together with the 125th Pennsylvania Infantry, a new regiment of nine months men. This support was almost fatal to the 34th, for when in the thickest of the fight, the new lines broke and ran, leaving Suiter's command to take care of themselves.[2]

The regiment lost 14 men killed or wounded at Fredericksburg and an additional 18 men captured.

On May 1, 1863, the day prior to the Battle of Chancellorsville, six companies of the regiment mutinied and refused to fight on the grounds that their two year enlistment terms had expired, although in fact this was still almost two months away. Brig. Gen John Gibbon, who commanded the division that the 34th New York was in, brought up the 18th Massachusetts and gave them orders to shoot the men of the 34th New York if they wouldn't fight. The regiment reformed and served dutifully during the Second Battle of Fredericksburg two days later. On June 30, the 34th New York mustered out and the two year men went home, the remaining companies, who had signed up for three years of service, being transferred to the 82nd New York Infantry.

Total strength and casualties[edit]

The total enrollment of the regiment was 1,016 members, of whom 93 were killed in action or died of wounds during the term of service and 69 died from other causes. During its service the regiment lost by death, killed in action, 1 officer, 65 enlisted men; of wounds received in action, 2 officers, 26 enlisted men; of disease and other causes, 1 officer, 67 enlisted men; total, 4 officers, 158 enlisted men; aggregate, 162.[3]

Commanders[edit]

  • Colonel William LaDue
  • Colonel James A. Suiter
  • Colonel Byron Laflin

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]