34th Royal Sikh Pioneers
|34th Royal Sikh Pioneers|
|Part of||Bengal Army (to 1895)|
|Uniform||Red; faced dark blue|
|Engagements||Indian Rebellion of 1857|
Second Afghan War
Relief of Chitral
World War I
Sinai and Palestine Campaign
The 34th Royal Sikh Pioneers was an infantry regiment of the British Indian Army. They could trace their origins to 1857, when they were raised as the Punjab Sappers. The regiment recruited exclusively from the Mazhabi Sikh community of Punjab province. Despite being "pioneers" by name, the regiment functioned as a Sikh infantry regiment specially trained as assault pioneers.
The regiment took part in the Siege of Delhi, the Siege of Lucknow and the Capture of Lucknow during the Indian Rebellion of 1857. They were next in action during the Second Afghan War in 1878 and the Relief of Chitral in 1897. To honour the visit of the Prince and Princess of Wales to Indian they took part in the Rawalpindi Parade 1905.
After World War I the Indian government reformed the army moving from single battalion regiments to multi battalion regiments. In 1922, the 34th Sikh Pioneers now became the 2nd Battalion, 3rd Sikh Pioneers. The regiment was allocated to the new Indian Army on independence.
- They were the most highly decorated Sikh Regiment of the First World War.
- They became a "Royal" Regiment in 1921.
- Punjab Sappers - 1857
- 24th (Pioneer) Regiment of Punjab Infantry - 1858
- 32nd Bengal Native Infantry - 1861
- 32nd (Punjab) Bengal Native Infantry (Pioneers) - 1864
- 32nd (Punjab) Bengal Infantry (Pioneers) - 1885
- 32nd Punjab Pioneers - 1901
- 34th Sikh Pioneers - 1903
- Sumner p.15
- Barthorp, Michael; Burn, Jeffrey (1979). Indian infantry regiments 1860-1914. Osprey Publishing. ISBN 0-85045-307-0.
- Sumner, Ian (2001). The Indian Army 1914-1947. Osprey Publishing. ISBN 1-84176-196-6.
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