34th Street–Penn Station (IND Eighth Avenue Line)

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 34 Street–Penn Station
 "A" train"C" train"E" train
MTA NYC logo.svg New York City Subway station (rapid transit)
34th Street-Penn Station.jpg
Station statistics
AddressWest 34th Street & Eighth Avenue
New York, NY 10001
BoroughManhattan
LocaleMidtown
Coordinates40°45′08″N 73°59′37″W / 40.752166°N 73.993521°W / 40.752166; -73.993521Coordinates: 40°45′08″N 73°59′37″W / 40.752166°N 73.993521°W / 40.752166; -73.993521
DivisionB (IND)
Line      IND Eighth Avenue Line
Services      A all times (all times)
      C all except late nights (all except late nights)
      E all times (all times)
Transit connectionsBus transport NYCT Bus: M20, M34 SBS, M34A SBS,
Bus transport MTA Bus: BxM2
Railway transportation Amtrak, LIRR, NJT Rail (at Penn Station)
StructureUnderground
Platforms2 side platforms (local)
1 island platform (express)
Tracks4
Other information
OpenedSeptember 10, 1932; 86 years ago (1932-09-10)[1]
Station code164[2]
AccessibleThis station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 ADA-accessible
Wireless serviceWi-Fi and cellular service is provided at this station[3]
Traffic
Passengers (2017)24,366,500[4]Decrease 3.2%
Rank7 out of 425
Station succession
Next north42nd Street–Port Authority Bus Terminal: A all timesC all except late nightsE all times
Next south23rd Street (local): A late nightsC all except late nightsE all times
14th Street (express): A all except late nights


Next adjacent station compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 north42nd Street–Port Authority Bus Terminal: A all timesC all except late nightsE all times
Next adjacent station compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 south14th Street: A all timesC all except late nightsE all times

34th Street–Penn Station is an express station on the IND Eighth Avenue Line of the New York City Subway, located at the intersection of 34th Street and Eighth Avenue in Midtown Manhattan. It is served by the A and E trains at all times, and by the C train at all times except late nights. The station is adjacent to Pennsylvania Station, the busiest railroad station in the United States as well as a major transfer point to Amtrak, New Jersey Transit, and the Long Island Rail Road.

Station layout[edit]

Track layout
to 42 St–PABT upper level
Former trackway from
42 St–PABT lower level
G Street level Entrances/exits
Handicapped/disabled access Elevator at southeast corner of 34th Street and Eighth Avenue to uptown "C" train "E" train platform level; take elevator down to lower mezzanine for downtown "C" train "E" train and both directions "A" train
P
Platform level
Side platform, doors will open on the right Handicapped/disabled access
Northbound local "C" train toward 168th Street ("A" train toward 207th Street late nights) (42nd Street–Port Authority Bus Terminal)
"E" train toward Jamaica Center–Parsons/Archer (42nd Street–Port Authority Bus Terminal)
Northbound express "A" train toward 207th Street (42nd Street–Port Authority Bus Terminal)
Island platform, doors will open on the left Handicapped/disabled access
Southbound express "A" train toward Far Rockaway or Lefferts Boulevard (all except nights), or Rockaway Park (PM rush hours) (14th Street)
Southbound local "C" train toward Euclid Avenue ("A" train toward Far Rockaway late nights) (23rd Street)
"E" train toward World Trade Center (23rd Street)
Side platform, doors will open on the right Handicapped/disabled access
M Mezzanine Connector between platforms
Exit/entrance; connection to Penn Station

This underground station was one of the 28 stations opened on September 10, 1932, as part of the initial segment of the Independent Subway System, at the time comprising what is now the IND Eighth Avenue Line from Chambers Street to 207th Street.[1][5]

There are four tracks, two side platforms, and one island platform. Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center on the IRT Eastern Parkway Line and 34th Street–Penn Station on the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line are the only other stations in the system with this configuration.

South of the station, an additional track begins at a bumper block between the two express tracks with a connection to both at both ends (about 25th Street on the south end and 33rd Street on the north end). This allows for various extra movements of trains including storage or removal of a train with mechanical problems to be sent back in the other direction. It could also be used if 34th Street functioned as a terminal station.[6]

Under the 2015–2019 MTA Capital Plan, the station, along with thirty other New York City Subway stations, will undergo a complete overhaul as part of the Enhanced Station Initiative. Updates would include cellular service, Wi-Fi, charging stations, improved signage, and improved station lighting. Unlike other stations that will be renovated under the initiative, 34th Street–Penn Station will not be completely closed during construction.[7] In January 2018, the NYCT and Bus Committee recommended that Judlau Contracting receive the $125 million contract for the renovations of 57th and 23rd Streets on the IND Sixth Avenue Line; 28th Street on the IRT Lexington Avenue Line, and 34th Street–Penn Station on the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line and IND Eighth Avenue Line.[8] However, the MTA Board temporarily deferred the vote for these packages after city representatives refused to vote to award the contracts.[9][10] The contract was put back for a vote in February, where it was ultimately approved.[11]

 33rd St to 34th St subway cross-section
11th Av 10th & 9th Avs
are skipped
8th Av Madison Square
Garden
7th Av Storefronts 6th Av &
Broadway
5th & Madison Avs
are skipped
Park Av
mezzanine A / C / E concourse 1 / 2 / 3 Former Gimbel's
passageway
mezz PATH 6 / <6>
mezzanine mezzanine concourse mezzanine N / Q / R / W
7 / <7> Penn Station B / D / F / M

Exits[edit]

34th Street–Penn Station spans three streets (33rd, 34th, and 35th Streets) with a set of entrances/exits at all of these streets. For the purposes of this article, entrance and exit are interchangeable.[12]

  • 35th Street: This is a part-time booth entrance. Each local platform has its own fare control. On the local platforms, there are High Entry-Exit Turnstiles for these exits at platform level. There is a narrow underpass connecting the platforms inside fare control. The northbound platform has two street stairs to the northeast corner of 35th Street and Eighth Avenue, and one to the southeast corner. The southbound platform has two street stairs to the northwest corner of 35th Street and Eighth Avenue, and one to the southwest corner.[12]
  • Handicapped/disabled access 34th Street: This is a part-time booth entrance. Each local platform has its own fare control. There is an underpass connecting the platforms inside fare control, and it leads to the LIRR West Side Concourse outside of fare control. There is also a passageway providing out-of-system access to the station of the same name on the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line. The northbound platform has one street stair to each eastern corner of 34th Street and Eighth Avenue. The southbound platform has one street stair to each western corner of 34th Street and Eighth Avenue. There is a single elevator to the northbound platform at the southeastern corner of the intersection, connecting to that platform's fare control. Inside fare control, three elevators from each platform go down to the underpass.[12]
  • 33rd Street: This is the full-time entrance, with token booths on both sides; the full-time booth is on the northbound platform. All three platforms have their own fare control. The underpass connecting the platforms is outside fare control. The northbound local platform's fare control leads to a street stair to the northeast corner of 33rd Street and 8th Avenue, as well as a direct passageway to the basement of Penn Station/Madison Square Garden. The southbound local platform's fare control leads to a street stair to the northwest corner of 33rd Street and 8th Avenue, as well as a double-wide granite staircase at the southwest corner (in a plaza outside the James A. Farley Post Office Building).[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "List of the 28 Stations on the New Eighth Ave Line". The New York Times. September 10, 1932. p. 6.
  2. ^ "Station Developers' Information". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 13, 2017.
  3. ^ "NYC Subway Wireless – Active Stations". Transit Wireless Wifi. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
  4. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2012–2017". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. July 12, 2018. Retrieved July 12, 2018.
  5. ^ Crowell, Paul (September 10, 1932). "Gay Midnight Crowd Rides First Trains In The New Subway: Throngs at Station an Hour Before Time, Rush Turnstiles When Chains are Dropped" (PDF). The New York Times. Retrieved November 8, 2015.
  6. ^ Marrero, Robert (January 1, 2017). "472 Stations, 850 Miles" (PDF). B24 Blog, via Dropbox. Retrieved April 27, 2018.
  7. ^ "Enhanced Station Initiative: CCM Pre-Proposal Conference" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. October 25, 2016. p. 8 (PDF page 15). Retrieved August 11, 2017.
  8. ^ Metropolitan Transportation Authority (January 22, 2018). "NYCT/Bus Committee Meeting" (PDF). p. 135. Retrieved January 19, 2018.
  9. ^ Barone, Vincent (January 24, 2018). "Controversial cosmetic subway improvement plan falters". am New York. Retrieved January 25, 2018.
  10. ^ Siff, Andrew (January 24, 2018). "MTA Shelves Plan to Modernize Subway Stations Amid Criticism". NBC New York. Retrieved January 25, 2018.
  11. ^ "Foes Hit Gov's Station Fix Plan". NY Daily News. February 13, 2018. Retrieved February 23, 2018.
  12. ^ a b c d "MTA Neighborhood Maps: Pennsylvania Station / Times Square" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2015. Retrieved December 11, 2015.

External links[edit]