34th Street–Penn Station (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line)

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34th Street–Penn Station
"1" train "2" train "3" train
New York City Subway rapid transit station
NYC subway Pennsylvania Pano.JPG
Northbound local platform
Station statistics
Address West 34th Street & Seventh Avenue
New York, NY 10001
Borough Manhattan
Locale Midtown
Coordinates 40°45′04″N 73°59′28″W / 40.751°N 73.991°W / 40.751; -73.991Coordinates: 40°45′04″N 73°59′28″W / 40.751°N 73.991°W / 40.751; -73.991
Division A (IRT)
Line IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line
Services       1 all times (all times)
      2 all times (all times)
      3 all except weekday late nights (all except weekday late nights)
Transit connections Bus transport NYCT Bus: M4, M7, M20, M34 SBS, M34A SBS, Q32, X17J, X22, X22A, X31
Bus transport MTA Bus: BxM2
Bus transport Academy Bus: X23, X24
Railway transportation Amtrak, LIRR, NJT Rail (at Penn Station)
Structure Underground
Platforms 2 side platforms (local)
1 island platform (express)
Tracks 4
Other information
Opened June 3, 1917; 100 years ago (1917-06-03)[1]
Station code 318[2]
Accessible This station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 ADA-accessible
Wireless service Wi-Fi and cellular service is provided at this station[3]
Traffic
Passengers (2016) 27,741,367[4]Decrease 2%
Rank 5 out of 422
Station succession
Next north Times Square–42nd Street: 1 all times 2 all times 3 all except weekday late nights
Next south 28th Street (local): 1 all times 2 late nights and weekends
14th Street (express): 2 weekdays only 3 all except weekday late nights


Next adjacent station compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 north Times Square–42nd Street: 1 all times 2 all times 3 all except weekday late nights
Next adjacent station compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 south Chambers Street: 1 all times 2 all times 3 weekdays only
none: 3 weekends and weekend late nights

34th Street–Penn Station is an express station on the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line of the New York City Subway. Located at the intersection of 34th Street and Seventh Avenue, it is served by the 1 and 2 trains at all times, and the 3 train at all times except late nights on weekdays. Connections are available to the LIRR, NJ Transit and Amtrak at Pennsylvania Station.

History[edit]

Track layout
to Times Sq–42 St
to 28 St
to 14 St

34th Street–Penn Station on the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line was opened on June 3, 1917, as part of an extension of the Interborough Rapid Transit Company, the dominant subway in Manhattan at the time, from Times Square–42nd Street to South Ferry.[1] It was served by a shuttle train to Times Square until the rest of the extension opened a year later on July 1, 1918.[5] This meant that the subway would be expanded down the Lower West Side to neighborhoods such as Greenwich Village and the western portion of Lower Manhattan.

As part of this and the northern IRT Lexington Avenue Line extension, the IRT network would be radically changed from an S-shaped line connecting the eastern side of Lower Manhattan to the Upper West Side to an H-shaped network with two parallel lines, the East and West Side Lines, and a shuttle at 42nd Street connecting them.[5][6]

Under the 2015–2019 MTA Capital Plan, the station, along with thirty other New York City Subway stations, will undergo a complete overhaul as part of the Enhanced Station Initiative. Updates would include cellular service, Wi-Fi, charging stations, improved signage, and improved station lighting. Unlike other stations that will be renovated under the initiative, 34th Street–Penn Station will not be completely closed during construction.[7]

Station layout[edit]

G Street level Entrances/exits
Handicapped/disabled access (Elevator on south side of 34th Street west of Seventh Avenue at LIRR entrance)
P
Platform level
Side platform, doors will open on the right Handicapped/disabled access
Northbound local "1" train toward Van Cortlandt Park–242nd Street ("2" train toward Wakefield–241st Street weekday late nights, Dyre Avenue weekends) (Times Square–42nd Street)
Northbound express "2" train toward Wakefield–241st Street weekdays (Times Square–42nd Street)
"3" train toward Harlem–148th Street weekdays (Times Square–42nd Street)
Island platform, doors will open on the left Handicapped/disabled access
Southbound express "2" train toward Flatbush Avenue weekdays (14th Street)
"3" train toward New Lots Avenue weekdays (14th Street)
Southbound local "1" train ("2" train weekends) toward South Ferry ("2" train toward Flatbush Avenue weekday late nights) (28th Street)
Side platform, doors will open on the right Handicapped/disabled access
M Mezzanine Connector between platforms
Trim line tablets
Name on trim line

Like 34th Street–Penn Station on the IND Eighth Avenue Line and Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center on the IRT Eastern Parkway Line, this station has two side platforms for local service and a center island platform for express service. This is due to the expected increase in ridership and to encourage riders to switch at the next stop northbound, Times Square–42nd Street, as it is set up in the usual island platform manner for cross-platform interchanges.[8]

There is no free transfer between this station and the station of the same name on the IND Eighth Avenue Line, despite the fact that both connect to Penn Station. The nearest transfer location is at Times Square–42nd Street with a free transfer to 42nd Street–Port Authority Bus Terminal.[8]

Exits[edit]

33rd Street Staircase

34th Street–Penn Station spans three streets (32nd, 33rd, and 34th Streets) with a set of entrances/exits at all of these streets. For the purposes of this article, entrance and exit are interchangeable.[9]

  • Handicapped/disabled access 34th Street: There are four entrances directly from the intersection of 34th Street and Seventh Avenue. On the local platforms the turnstiles for these exits are at platform level; passengers wishing to use the express platforms must use a passageway beneath the platforms and tracks. These entrances utilize the northern portions of the platforms. There is also a supplementary and handicapped-accessible entrance to the Penn Station complex in general from 34th Street.[9]
  • 33rd Street: There are three direct entrances from the street at 33rd Street and Seventh Avenue. As a replacement for the southwestern corner's lack of an entrance, there is an underground entrance directly connecting the station with the Long Island Rail Road concourse in the Penn Station complex. The turnstiles for this entrance are located below the track level and utilize the central portions of the platforms.[9]
  • 32nd Street: The main entrance to the Penn Station complex is located on the western end of 32nd Street. From there, passengers may go through the New Jersey Transit and Long Island Rail Road concourses and use the entrance to this station at the end of the latter's concourse. There is also a smaller exit from the station at the southern ends of the platforms that connects with the end of the New Jersey Transit concourse where it meets the Long Island Rail Road underneath the main corridor in the station that connects New Jersey Transit and Amtrak. There is also an entrance on the north side of 32nd Street between Seventh and Sixth Avenues.[9]

Ridership[edit]

34th Street–Penn Station on the Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line is continually ranked as one of the busiest stations in the subway system. In 2016, it was the fifth-busiest subway station, with 27,741,367 riders as recorded by the Metropolitan Transportation Authority.[4] By comparison, its sister station on the Eighth Avenue Line is ranked sixth-busiest, with 25,183,869 passengers.[4] When the Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line station was a shuttle stop before the rest of the South Ferry extension opened, ridership was quite low; in its first year of operation, only 78,121 boardings were recorded.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Three New Links of the Dual Subway System Opened". New York Times. June 3, 1917. p. 33. 
  2. ^ "Station Developers' Information". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 13, 2017. 
  3. ^ "NYC Subway Wireless – Active Stations". Transit Wireless Wifi. Retrieved 2016-05-18.
  4. ^ a b c "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2011–2016". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. May 31, 2017. Retrieved June 1, 2017. 
  5. ^ a b "Open new subway to regular traffic". New York Times. Retrieved August 27, 2008. 
  6. ^ "Open new subway lines to traffic; called a triumph". New York Times. Retrieved August 27, 2008. 
  7. ^ "Enhanced Station Initiative: CCM Pre-Proposal Conference" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. October 25, 2016. p. 8 (PDF page 15). Retrieved August 11, 2017. 
  8. ^ a b "34th Street-Penn Station". NYCSubway.org. Retrieved August 27, 2008. 
  9. ^ a b c d "MTA Neighborhood Maps: Pennsylvania Station / Times Square" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2015. Retrieved December 11, 2015. 
  10. ^ "1904-2006 ridership figures". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Archived from the original on 2011-07-23. Retrieved August 28, 2008. 

External links[edit]