34th Street – Hudson Yards (IRT Flushing Line)

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For other uses of "34th Street", see 34th Street (disambiguation). For other uses of "Hudson Yards", see Hudson Yards (disambiguation).
34th Street – Hudson Yards
NYCS-bull-trans-7.svg NYCS-bull-trans-7d.svg
New York City Subway rapid transit station
34 St-Hudson Yards Opening (21225342159).jpg
Main entrance
Station statistics
Address 34th Street & 11th Avenue (actual exits at Hudson Boulevard)
New York, NY 10001
Borough Manhattan
Locale Hell's Kitchen, Hudson Yards, and Chelsea
Coordinates 40°45′21.02″N 74°0′7.06″W / 40.7558389°N 74.0019611°W / 40.7558389; -74.0019611Coordinates: 40°45′21.02″N 74°0′7.06″W / 40.7558389°N 74.0019611°W / 40.7558389; -74.0019611
Division A (IRT)
Line       IRT Flushing Line
Services       7 all times (all times) <7>rush hours until 9:30 p.m., peak direction (rush hours until 9:30 p.m., peak direction)
Transit connections Bus transport NYCT Bus: M12, M34 SBS
Bus transport Intercity Buses: Megabus M21–M28 routes at 34th Street west of 12th Avenue
Helicopter transportation West 30th Street Heliport at West 30th Street and 12th Avenue
Structure Underground
Depth 125 feet (38 m)
Platforms 1 island platform
Tracks 2
Other information
Opened September 13, 2015; 2 months ago (2015-09-13)
Accessible Handicapped/disabled access
Other entrances/
34th Street and Hudson Boulevard; 35th Street and Hudson Boulevard
Station succession

Next Handicapped/disabled access north Times Square: 7 all times <7>rush hours until 9:30 p.m., peak direction
Next Handicapped/disabled access south (Terminal): 7 all times <7>rush hours until 9:30 p.m., peak direction

34th Street – Hudson Yards (also 34th Street, and in the past, 34th Street – Jacob Javits Convention Center) is a New York City Subway station in Manhattan's West Side on the IRT Flushing Line, and is the western (railroad south) terminus for the 7 <7> trains. It has two tracks and one island platform.

The station, originally part of the city's bid for the 2012 Summer Olympics, was first scheduled to open in summer 2012. When London was chosen for the Olympics, the opening date was pushed to December 2013. In 2011, the opening was postponed to June 2014, pending the completion of the escalators and elevators in the station. After a series of delays involving escalator, elevator, and fire and safety systems, the station finally opened on September 13, 2015. The 34th Street station is the first completely new station in the New York City Subway system since 1989,[note 1] as well as the first such station funded by the government of New York City since 1950.

The new construction, part of the city's and the MTA's master plan for the Far West Side, extended the IRT Flushing Line west from Times Square to 11th Avenue, then south to 34th Street. It was originally proposed as part of the failed attempt to build the West Side Stadium for the New York Jets and the city's bid for the 2012 Summer Olympics. Although the stadium plan was rejected by city and state planning agencies, the 7 subway extension plan received approval to move ahead, as New York political leaders wanted to see the warehouse district west of Eighth Avenue and north of 34th Street redeveloped as part of the Hudson Yards Redevelopment Project, and subway service was to be an essential part of that effort. The extension also serves the Jacob K. Javits Convention Center, which was expanded in 2008–14 and is located just half a block away from the station entrances. It is part of the Hudson Yards Redevelopment Project, and is expected to be used heavily by residents of that development once the development is opened.


Planning and construction[edit]

As early as 1993, the New York City Planning Commission (CPC) wrote a report called "Shaping the City’s Future", in which they considered extending the IRT Flushing Line to Hell's Kitchen to serve a rapidly developing neighborhood in a once-industrial area. The Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) had also began exploring the possibility of such an extension.[1] In a 2001 report, the NYCPC argued that further development could not be done without an extension, saying:[2]

It was again proposed as part of the New York City bid for the 2012 Summer Olympics. The City wanted to get funding before July 2005, at which time the International Olympic Committee would vote on funding. However, due to shortfalls in the MTA's Capital Program, as well as preexisting funding for the Second Avenue Subway and East Side Access, the MTA could not pay to fund the extension.[1] After a proposal for the West Side Stadium, an Olympic stadium to be located above the nearby West Side Yard, was rejected in 2005,[3] New York City quickly lost their Olympic bid.[4]

For then-Mayor Michael Bloomberg, the extension was still a priority.[1] In his December 12, 2006, address to the New York League of Conservation Voters noted that in November 2006, the government began issuing bonds to fund the extension of the 7 subway to Eleventh Avenue and 34th Street.[5] The extension was funded with New York City funds from municipal tax increment financing (TIF) bond sales that are expected to be repaid with property tax revenues from future developments in areas served by the extension.[6] The one-station extension to the burgeoning Hudson Yards was originally to cost US$2.1 billion, but eventually grew to US$2.4 billion, excluding a US$500 million intermediate station at 10th Avenue that was canceled due to costs.[7]

In October 2007, the MTA awarded a $1.145 billion contract to build 7,000 feet (2,100 m) of twin-tube tunnel to S3, a joint venture of J.F. Shea, Skanska USA Civil, and Schiavone. The contract was to build tunnel from the current 7 train terminus at Times Square westward underneath 41st Street to Eleventh Avenue, then down to 26th Street.[8][9][10] Richard Dattner and Partners, Architects, designed the 34th Street station.[11][12] After excavating the new terminal's shell and creating the first 1,000 feet (300 m) of tunnel using the drill-and-blast method, S3 placed two tunnel-boring machines (TBMs) in the ground to dig the remaining 6,000 feet (1,800 m); as it dug, each TBM placed precast concrete liner segments to create the tunnel interior.[11][13]

In June 2008, construction on the tunnels began along Eleventh Avenue in Manhattan. On December 21, 2009, the MTA said that a tunnel-boring machine broke through the 34th Street station cavern wall.[14] Both tunnel-boring machines were scheduled to finish the required tunneling in the spring of 2010.[15]

In April 2011, the MTA announced that the contract covering the tunnels, the station mezzanine and passenger platform was 85% complete, and that the systems contract, covering mechanical and electrical systems, electric power, lighting and train tracks would be awarded by July 2011.[16] The systems contract was awarded in September 2011.[17] In May 2012, the MTA announced that the extension, now 65% complete, had received the installation of the first set of rails.[18] By August 2013, the extension was 90% complete.[19]

Then-mayor Michael Bloomberg stands to the right of the speaker at a ceremony at the station in December 2013

On December 20, 2013, Bloomberg took a ceremonial ride on a train to the nearly-complete station, celebrating a part of his legacy as mayor, during a press tour of the extension.[20][21][22][23][24] Train testing did not commence until June 2015.[25]


In January 2012, the station was touted as under-budget and on schedule to open in 2013, before a series of delays plagued the project.[26] The station, originally part of the city's bid for the 2012 Summer Olympics, was supposed to first open as part of a two-station subway extension, including Tenth Avenue station, in summer 2012. When London was chosen for the Olympics, the opening date was pushed to December 2013; the Tenth Avenue station was dropped from construction plans soon after.[27] By June 2012, trains were still expected to run "for test purposes" by the end of 2013.[27] That same month, the station's opening was delayed to June 2014 for completion of the station's fitting-out.[28]

Michael Horodniceanu, chief of MTA Construction Company, told the New York Times in January 2014 that complications in the installation of the inclined elevator would likely cause a further delay of about three months, bringing the opening date to very late summer or early fall of 2014,[29] or to November 2014.[7][30][31][note 2] By March 2014, the station's tentative opening date was still to be in November 2014.[33]

Mezzanine level

Then, in May 2014, the opening was delayed again to install the inclined elevator, as it had originally failed a factory test in Como Province, Italy.[37] Officials had insisted that the Italian-manufactured elevator have software and parts made from a variety of different companies in America, rather than from a single foreign company.[37] However, the station was not delayed solely because of the elevators. The station's opening was also pushed to later dates due to "integrated testing for fire protection", which required the completion of all station infrastructure, including escalators, stairs, and elevators. Escalators and tunnel ventilation systems also caused the station to be delayed.[37] At this point, the station was expected to open for service in late 2014,[note 2][38][39] but due to further elevator delays as well as problems with the extension's ventilation systems, it was delayed in October 2014 by a further few months, to February 2015.[40][41] The opening date was originally supposed to be before 10 Hudson Yards, the first Hudson Yards building, opened in July 2015.[42]

At this point, the project was so far delayed that the MTA was offered US$4.75 million in "incentive" money if the station opened by February 24, 2015.[43] Software changes were made to solve the elevators' problems, and the elevators were installed. Testing would be complete by November. Three ventilation systems were already installed by October 1, 2014, with two more systems to be installed by the end of the month.[43] On November 17, it was confirmed that February 24 would be the opening date for the station; new signs and the southern entrance's canopy started to be erected.[44] However, just a month later, the MTA stated that it was unable to open the subway extension for service until April to July 2015, due to the failure to get the inclined elevators to work properly.[45][46] The MTA also cited problems with the fire alarm and security systems as another reason for the delay.[45][47][48] In addition, Hudson Yards' developer, The Related Companies, also needed to dig caissons for the foundations of 55 Hudson Yards, just above the subway station, and the foundation work needed to be complete before the MTA could proceed with opening the station.[49]

The MTA made another announcement, on March 24, 2015, saying that the station's opening would be delayed again to summer 2015, due to more problems with the fire and security systems. In addition, third rails, public service announcement systems, ventilation fans, escalators, and elevators would need to be tested.[50][51] By April 2015, the station was complete, but unopened.[52] On June 15, 2015, though, the extension was pushed back again to "before the end of the third quarter" of 2015.[53] A month later, the MTA confirmed that the station would be opened on or before September 13, 2015.[54][55] The opening date was confirmed on August 28, 2015.[56][57] By this point, even MTA chairman Thomas Prendergast had conceded that the myriad delays in both the new station and in the other MTA Capital Construction projects were humiliating.[58]


Passengers alighting from the station's first passenger train on September 13, 2015

The station opened on September 13, 2015, in a ribbon-cutting ceremony attended by New York City mayor Bill de Blasio, U.S. Senator Chuck Schumer, and former deputy mayor Dan Doctoroff.[59][60][61][62] The secondary station entrance at 35th Street, as well as finishing touches within the station itself, is not expected to be completed until December 2015.[27]

Just a couple of days after the station opened, though, there were some problems in and around the station, which multiple news outlets criticized. An escalator broke down on September 14, just a day after the station's opening.[63][64] In an unrelated September 16 incident, a straphanger got injured while walking up another escalator at the 34th Street station.[65] Earlier that day, the New York Post reported on signal problems in the brand-new tunnels around the station,[66] while riders complained about the delays on Twitter and Reddit.[67] A Wall Street Journal commentator remarked that "it’s only a matter of months (make that weeks) before the gleaming station ... is pockmarked with chewing-gum spots, urban scrawl and litter."[68] Overall, however, the station received positive acclaim during its first few days of service.[64][69] In an article in several newspapers distributed by NYC Community Media, Lenore Skenazy writes that many riders have praised the station's design, its cleanliness, and its climate-controlled platforms, and noted herself that the station looked and felt "as uplifting as a cathedral".[70]

Station layout[edit]

G Ground Level Exits/Entrances
B1 Upper Mezzanine Escalators, elevator, and stairs to Exits/Entrances
Handicapped/disabled access (Elevator near SW corner of 34th Street and Hudson Boulevard East)
Fare control, station agent, MetroCard vending machines
Escalators and incline elevators to lower mezzanine
B2 Lower Mezzanine Staircases and elevators to platforms
Maintenance offices
Platform level
Track 1 NYCS-bull-trans-7.svg off-peak hours (NYCS-bull-trans-7d.svg peak hours) toward Flushing – Main Street (Times Square)
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right Handicapped/disabled access
Track 2 NYCS-bull-trans-7.svg toward Flushing – Main Street (Times Square)
Platform level, with a berthed train of R188 cars
Tracks looking east

The approximately 1,200-foot (370 m) station, designed by Dattner Architects,[11][12][71] has a single wide island platform serving two tracks, as well as eight staircases between the lower mezzanine and the platform.[72] The platform itself is 35 feet (11 m) wide,[72][73] which makes it much wider than many other island platforms in the subway system; by comparison, the Chambers Street station in Lower Manhattan has platforms that are 18.5 feet (5.6 m) wide,[74] and the Second Avenue Subway stations are 28 feet (8.5 m) wide.[71] The platform, at 585 feet (178 m) long, is among the longest in the IRT system,[72] as well as the longest "column-free" platform of any station in the system.[75] In addition, there is a large 3-block-long mezzanine, stretching between 33rd and 36th Streets, overhead.[76]

The station's extreme depth necessitates an upper (fare) mezzanine and a lower (passenger) mezzanine. A 27.6-foot-deep (8.4 m) fare mezzanine is located under the basements of 55 Hudson Yards, and escalators and an incline elevator lead to a lower mezzanine, which is 109 feet (33 m) deep.[72] The Empire Connection and North River Tunnels are both above the station.[77][note 3] Above the lower mezzanine is a curved, oval-shaped ceiling indentation that helps to cover the ventilation tubes in the station ceiling, and also acts as a skylight. The curved, cavernous ceiling of the lower mezzanine helps the station be energy-efficient via the use of indirect lighting.[73][71] The station has a total of nine escalators from the lower mezzanine to the main entrance, as well as four elevators. Of these, two are vertical elevators—one from street level to the upper mezzanine, and one from the lower mezzanine to platform level. The other two are incline elevators.[72] There are four escalators and two stairs from the main entrance to the upper mezzanine. Past the main entrance's fare control, which is split into two banks, there are two parallel shafts down to the lower mezzanine; the northern shaft carries four escalators, while the southern shaft carries one escalator and the two incline elevators.[72] The lowermost five escalators are the system's longest and take about one minute and thirty seconds to traverse.[78]

The walls adjacent to the tracks have white tiles arranged in sets of three 15-foot (4.6 m) columns of 3 tiles each. There are two-tile-high gray squares containing white "34"s in the middle of each set of columns.[79] They are pre-fabricated porcelain panels, in three-by-five slabs, to allow easy replacement.[73][71] On the lower mezzanine, the architects used high ceilings and convex railings to make the station seem bigger, thus improving passenger flow.[71] A tiling pattern, similar to that used on platform level, is also used on the lower mezzanine, though electronic advertisement panels are mounted on the walls at certain areas along the lower mezzanine.[71] The cavernous station's design has been compared to that of Washington Metro stations,[12] although early plans for narrow, Washington Metro-like platforms were scrapped.[71] The station has also been compared to stations along London's Jubilee Line Extension,[71] and in fact, the station's architecture was inspired by that of the Canary Wharf tube station on that extension.[26]

The station, which is paid for with tax increment financing property taxes, is the first to be funded by the city since the Jamaica – 179th Street station on the IND Queens Boulevard Line opened in 1950,[80] as well as the first new unique station in the New York City Subway since the three stations on the IND 63rd Street Line opened in October 1989.[81][note 1]

Entrances and exits[edit]

Main station entrance from 33rd Street
Secondary station entrance, under construction

The station has two entrances and exits:

  • Handicapped/disabled access Main Station Entrance / Ventilation Building – escalators and elevator on the west side of Hudson Boulevard between 33rd and 34th Streets[13]
  • Secondary Station Entrance – escalators on the SW corner of Hudson Park and Boulevard and 35th Street;[13] to open December 2015[27][82]

The main entrance, located east of the intersection of 34th Street and 11th Avenue at Hudson Boulevard, has a turtle shell-shaped glass canopy above it that allows light to shine on the upper mezzanine;[73] The elevator is located east of the northeast corner of 11th Avenue and 33rd Street, while the escalator entrance is located between 33rd and 34th Streets, in the middle of the block within Hudson Park in the boulevard. The ventilation building will be built over by developers at a future date.[83] The second entrance is at the southwest corner of 35th Street and Hudson Boulevard East.[13] At both of the exits, the staircases and four escalators each go down 40 feet (12 m) to a fare control area, then another 80 feet (24 m) to the common lower mezzanine; the main entrance was completed by summer 2014, while the secondary entrance is still under construction and will be completed by December 2015.[27][82]

Both entrances will feature the glass canopy design, the first of their kind in the subway system. They are intended to stand out aesthetically.[84] The entrances are interweaved with the Hudson Yards developments, with the main entrance wedged between 50 Hudson Yards to the east and 55 Hudson Yards to the west. The rest of the Hudson Yards development is located very close to the south of the station.[38] Both entrances are based on a design by architect Toshiko Mori,[32] which itself is based on the design of smaller station entrances in the Paris Métro.[12]

There was provisionally an entrance inside the 3 Hudson Boulevard building, near where the secondary station building will be. However, as both entrances will use a glass canopy cover independent of any Hudson Yards structures, the 3 Hudson Boulevard entrance was shelved in lieu of a subway entrance directly to the east of 3 Hudson Boulevard.[85]

In the preliminary plans, there was also going to be an entrance at the southwest corner of 11th Avenue and 36th Street to serve the Javits Center directly. The secondary exit would have been relocated to the north side of 34th Street west of Hudson Boulevard.[86]


Station finishes being installed

In September 2007, it was announced that the new station would feature platform screen doors.[87] However, plans for screen doors in New York City Subway stations were dropped in 2012,[88] because of their high cost of $1 million per platform edge.[89][note 4] However, even without the inclusion of platform screen doors for ventilation and safety purposes, the station—along with the new South Ferry station on the IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line and the three Phase 1 Second Avenue Subway stations on the Upper East Side—includes special air-cooling systems that keep the temperature at 72 to 78 °F (22 to 26 °C) year-round.[91][92][93] These systems, which already existed at Grand Central – 42nd Street station, help reduce the temperature along platforms. The station also has ventilation towers[91][92] that are the largest in the New York City Subway system.[72]

Unlike most stations in the system, which do not have open public restrooms,[94][95] there are public restrooms in the station.[73][78][96] The station also has a stainless steel oval-shaped station agent booth.[71]

Materials used in the station are expected to last at least 100 years;[73] include granite tile, ceramic tile, stainless steel panels on the walls, painted steel panels on the ceilings, energy-efficient fluorescent lamps and LEDs, and mesh;[93][71] and are supposed to conform to New York City Transit criteria, including slip-resistance.[73] The station also uses acoustic ceiling tiles to reduce noise, in addition to using indirect lighting.[71] The station is also compliant with National Fire Protection Association standards, despite its extreme depth, as it can be evacuated in six minutes in case of fire, and the platform can be cleared within four minutes.[73]

While the station was not equipped with Wi-Fi or 3G at the time of opening, it was to be installed "in the near future". However, the station does include "countdown clocks" indicating the time until the next train, as well as Help Point emergency intercoms and in-station travel planners.[75][78]

Funktional Vibrations by Xenobia Bailey

As part of the MTA's "Arts for Transit" program, three mosaics by Xenobia Bailey, which total approximately 2,788 square feet (259.0 m2), were installed in three locations within the station.[78][97] The artworks, titled Funktional Vibrations,[12][75][71] are based on some of Bailey's crocheting patterns,[75] and is located in an oval-shaped recession in the ceiling at the 34th Street entrance.[98] The other two mosaics are located in the station entrances.[75] The Hudson Park and Boulevard project is also included with the construction of the station.[99] However, there is no artwork in the rest of the station; one Newsweek writer observed that while the station was "very clean but also a little antiseptic", "cool", and "efficient", it was also "lacking all character" with its austere design.[96]

Incline elevators[edit]

Incline elevators

The station is more than 10 stories deep, placing it among the system's deepest—so deep, in fact, that the North River Tunnels and the planned Gateway Project tunnels pass over it by approximately 35 feet (11 m).[100][101] The station, which is 125 feet (38 m) below street level, and 108 feet (33 m) below sea level in total, is the third deepest subway station in the entire system, behind 190th Street and 191st Street stations;[102] as a result, nine escalators were installed at the station.[103] In addition, passenger access to the station includes a pair of custom-made incline elevators, which are installed in the southernmost of the two shafts between the upper and lower mezzanines, at the 34th Street end of the station. In April 2014, the first of two 172-foot-long (52 m)[37] incline elevators was installed in the station.[34] The elevators are relatively slow[96] in order to encourage non-disabled riders to use the escalators,[71] but these inclined elevators make the station the first to be built to comply with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA).[104][note 5]

The 80-foot (24 m) high incline elevators,[13][105] which move at 100 feet (30 m) per minute (making an entire trip between the mezzanine levels in less than two minutes)[37] and are sloped at a 27-degree angle, are the first of their kind in the system. Each elevator can hold up to 15 standing passengers or five wheelchair passengers.[75] The inclined elevators were less expensive than vertically-traveling elevators,[34] and were installed within the large escalator shaft at 34th Street.[34] However, as the incline elevators had originally failed a factory test by its manufacturer Maspero Elevatori, there were multiple delays in opening the station, and the opening date was eventually delayed from December 2013 to late 2014,[37] then to mid-2015.[45]

The use of inclined elevators was intended to provide wheelchair-bound patrons with a shorter, easier path to the train platform as well as to reduce tunneling costs.[37] The two elevators were manufactured by Maspero Elevatori, in Appiano Gentile, Italy, using a controller made on Long Island, speed governors made in Ohio, and buttons and other parts in Queens.[37] The software for the elevator was written in the United States. Maspero Elevatori assembled the elevators in Italy, and they failed an operational test there, prior to being shipped to the United States.[37] The MTA said the manufacturer chose to use American subcontractors in place of local Italian suppliers after reading the specifications the transit agency submitted. The MTA worked with the manufacturer to try to resolve the problems caused by a very high level of customization.[37]

Track layout[edit]

The diamond crossover north of the station

The tracks of this station continue south of the station, down to 26th Street,[13] to allow trains to be stored south of the station during off-peak hours; the tail tracks are seven blocks long, enough to store two 11-car trains each, since the extension will add 66 more cars to the train fleet of the 7 service.[76] There are also two diamond crossovers, one north and one south of the station.[106] The storage tracks at this location were constructed due to the Corona Yard in Queens lacking any space to hold any more trains, and expanding the yard is very difficult due to its location next to the Flushing River. A new storage yard elsewhere would be prohibitively expensive, as they would cost hundreds of millions of dollars.[107]

Projected ridership[edit]

Advertisement screen on the lower mezzanine level

The station is expected to be very heavily used, due to its location as "the only subway line serving the area west of Ninth Avenue below 59th Street", as well as its status as the main subway station for the Hudson Yards area[75] and the closest station to the busy Javits Center.[108] Originally, the station was projected to serve 27,000 passengers per day, or about 9.855 million passengers per year, when it first opened. After the Hudson Yards is complete, ridership was to grow very heavily, with an average of 35,000 people per hour using the station at its peak by 2020.[109] By September 2015, though, projections had increased to a proposed ridership of 32,000 people per hour.[58] The projected 2025 ridership of 200,000 daily riders is more than at Times Square station, the station with the most ridership as of 2013 with 197,696 riders a day.[110]

Projections predict that during the morning rush hour alone, 26,000 passengers will be leaving the station, while 15,000 will be simultaneously entering the station.[73] This will make it the busiest subway station in New York City that is not a transfer station.[13][20][93] The station, however, is built to handle an even higher capacity of 40,000 passengers per hour during peak times and events at the Javits Center.[81]

The high projected ridership is despite the fact that it was once described as a station on an "extension to nowhere", given the relative sparseness of the area in 2007.[111] As late as 2011, it was thought that the city was wasting money on the station because, at the time, Hudson Yards had not yet been finalized.[112] However, it was reported that only 7,000 daily riders entered the station between September 13–22, 2015,[113] below the MTA's projected ridership of 32,000 passengers upon the station's opening. This was attributed to as-of-yet incomplete developments in the area, as well as an unopened entrance to the nearby High Line Park.[114] In late October 2015, AM New York found that the average daily ridership was even lower, at only 5,900 passengers per day, except for during the 2015 New York Comic Con on October 8–11, when average daily ridership reached 18,300 daily riders.[115]


Stairs to platform level

The warehouse district west of Eighth Avenue and north of 34th Street was rezoned in 2005 into a commercial and residential area, and the station is part of an effort to accelerate development in the area.[116][117] The reportedly "transformative"[118] subway extension to 34th Street spurred development in the Hudson Yards area by providing transit access for future tenants of the Hudson Yards development,[119] and by keeping up with the MTA's goal to "ensure that all new residential and commercial growth in the MTA region between 2008 and 2030 is concentrated within a half-mile of an MTA station".[84] In addition to providing transit access to residents and tenants of nearby neighborhoods, the construction of the station was expected to bolster the area's commercial growth and, in turn, creating up to 50,000 jobs in the area.[120]

Mitchell Moss, director of New York University's Rudin Center for Transportation Policy & Management, states that the development of Hudson Yards, and the related subway extension, were among the benefits of the 2012 Olympic bid, saying that "the #7 Extension will be one of the largest expansions of the New York City transit system in decades and one of the most significant in terms of its potential impact."[1] Moss says that redevelopment of the west side was a direct result of the new subway station's construction.[121] Kenneth T. Jackson, editor of The Encyclopedia of New York City, describes the extension as a "very important" one.[110]

Since the station started construction, land prices in the immediate area have nearly doubled.[122][123] Interest in the surrounding area has also grown, as many development companies are going to Hudson Yards to buy air rights; for instance Related Companies, already the developer of Hudson Yards, entered a contract to buy a $75 million-plus parcel of land between 35th and 36th Streets and between Eleventh Avenue and Hudson Boulevard, as well as land over a McDonald's to build 50 Hudson Yards.[122][123] Also as a result of the subway extension, three tenants have already been found for 10 Hudson Yards, and Citigroup is considering moving to the area.[122][123] Most importantly, however, the $750 million platform supporting much of Hudson Yards was built starting in January 2013; subway construction for a station that could potentially carry up to 27,000 daily passengers necessitated the construction of more buildings, as 70% of tenants are expected to come to Hudson Yards via the 7 subway extension.[122] Additionally, new restaurants, luxury condominiums, and stores have appeared near the station and along the extension's route, and residential prices along the extension have also increased.[123] A construction boom has occurred in the greater Hudson Yards area as well.[124]

The station is described by the MTA as the centerpieces of the Hudson Park and Boulevard, as well as of the entire Hudson Yards project, which developers say could not have been started without the 7 subway extension.[84] Horodniceanu stated that "this new, modern station will be the lifeline of Manhattan’s newest neighborhood. It will make it possible for thousands of residents, employees and visitors to get to Hudson Yards easily and quickly. Without the extension, this new development would not have been possible."[93] The completion of the High Line and the Hudson Boulevard, as well as the Javits Center renovation, are boosting development in the area as well.[58][122] Although Hudson Yards was not finished at the time of the station's opening, the High Line and the Javits Center are popular destinations for station patrons.[125]



  1. ^ a b The last unique stations—Lexington Avenue – 63rd Street, Roosevelt Island, and 21st Street – Queensbridge, opened on October 27, 1989.[58] The new South Ferry station platform opened on March 16, 2009, but is not an entirely new station; in fact, it connects to an existing station, Whitehall Street.
  2. ^ a b The exact opening date at this time was unclear. The tentative opening date was given by alternate sources as either November 2014,[7][32][30][33] fall or winter 2014,[34] fall 2014,[35] or simply "2014".[13][36]
  3. ^ The depth is so that there is minimal disruption to the structures above the station, such as the Lincoln Tunnel.
  4. ^ In pictures released on December 21, 2013, platform screen doors are not present within the station.[90]
  5. ^ There are other accessible New York City Subway stations, but the 34th Street – Hudson Yards station is the first to be built with ADA access in mind.


  1. ^ a b c d Mitchell L. Moss (November 2011). "HOW NEW YORK CITY WON THE OLYMPICS" (PDF). Rudin Center for Transportation Policy and Management, Robert F. Wagner Graduate School of Public Service. New York University. Retrieved September 11, 2015. 
  2. ^ a b Preparing for the Future: A Commercial Development Strategy for New York City : Final Report. Group of 35. 2001. p. 56. Retrieved September 12, 2015. 
  3. ^ Bagli, Charles V.; Cooper, Michael (June 7, 2005). "Olympic Bid Hurt as New York Fails in West Side Stadium Quest". The New York Times. Retrieved September 12, 2015. 
  4. ^ "New York Comes in a Disappointing Fourth Place". WNYC. July 6, 2005. Retrieved September 12, 2015. 
  5. ^ Hinderer, Katie (December 13, 2006). "NYC Mayor Outlines Long-Term Growth Plan". GlobeSt.com. Retrieved February 28, 2010. 
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External links[edit]

External video
YouTube video clips
Update, January 12, 2010; 2:32; MTA
Update, July 16, 2010; 3:13; MTA
Update, May 4, 2011; 2:59; MTA
Update, November 16, 2011; 2:27; MTA
Update – Rails being delivered, May 10, 2012; 2:53; MTA
Update, November 16, 2011; 3:08; MTA
Inaugural Ride, December 21, 2013; 9:30; MTA
7 Line Extension Train Operator and Dispatcher Training, May 31, 2015; 3:39; MTA
34 St-Hudson Yards Station, September 13, 2015; 4:51; MTA
NYC Subway: IRT (7) Trains & The New W. 34th St - 11th Ave (Hudson Yd), September 15, 2015; 5:50; The Transport Net

MTA official website:

Photo galleries:

Station entrances: