34th Street – Hudson Yards (IRT Flushing Line)
|34th Street – Hudson Yards
|New York City Subway rapid transit station|
|Address||34th Street & 11th Avenue (actual exits at Hudson Boulevard)
New York, NY 10001
|Locale||Hell's Kitchen, Hudson Yards, and Chelsea|
|Line||IRT Flushing Line|
|Services||7 (all times) <7> (rush hours until 9:30 p.m., peak direction)|
|Transit connections|| NYCT Bus: M12, M34 SBS
Intercity Buses: Megabus M21–M28 routes at 34th Street west of 12th Avenue, BoltBus service's to Cherry Hill Mall, Philadelphia, and Washington DC
West 30th Street Heliport at West 30th Street and 12th Avenue
|Depth||125 feet (38 m)|
|Platforms||1 island platform|
|Opened||September 13, 2015|
|34th Street and Hudson Boulevard; 35th Street and Hudson Boulevard|
|Next north||Times Square: 7 <7>|
|Next south||(Terminal): 7 <7>|
34th Street – Hudson Yards (also 34th Street, and in the past, 34th Street – Jacob Javits Convention Center) is a New York City Subway station in Manhattan's West Side on the IRT Flushing Line, and is the western (railroad south) terminus for the 7 <7> trains. It has two tracks and one island platform, with two levels of mezzanines—one directly above the platform, the other directly below street level.
The station, originally part of the city's bid for the 2012 Summer Olympics, was first scheduled to open in summer 2012. When London was chosen for the Olympics, the opening date was pushed to December 2013. In 2011, the opening was postponed to June 2014, pending the completion of the escalators and elevators in the station. After a series of delays involving escalator, elevator, and fire and safety systems, the station finally opened on September 13, 2015. The 34th Street station is the first completely new station in the New York City Subway system since 1989,[note 1] as well as the first such station funded by the government of New York City since 1950.
The new construction, part of the city's and the MTA's master plan for the Far West Side, extended the IRT Flushing Line west from Times Square to Eleventh Avenue, then south to 34th Street. It was originally proposed as part of the failed attempt to build the West Side Stadium for the New York Jets and the city's bid for the 2012 Summer Olympics. Although the stadium plan was rejected by city and state planning agencies, the 7 subway extension plan received approval to move ahead, as New York political leaders wanted to see the warehouse district west of Eighth Avenue and north of 34th Street redeveloped as part of the Hudson Yards Redevelopment Project, and subway service was to be an essential part of that effort. The extension also serves the Jacob K. Javits Convention Center, which was expanded in 2008–14 and is located just half a block away from the station entrances.
Planning and construction
As early as 1993, the New York City Planning Commission (CPC) wrote a report called "Shaping the City's Future", in which they considered extending the IRT Flushing Line to Hell's Kitchen to serve a rapidly developing neighborhood in a once-industrial area. The Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) had also began exploring the possibility of such an extension. In a 2001 report, the NYCPC argued that further development could not be done without an extension, saying:
|“||The long blocks along the avenues make the walk as long as 20 minutes to the westernmost parts of the area. In addition, there is no convenient link from Grand Central Station or elsewhere on the east side of Manhattan, making the Far West Side a difficult commute for workers from parts of Manhattan, Queens, Westchester and Connecticut.||”|
It was again proposed as part of the New York City bid for the 2012 Summer Olympics. The City wanted to get funding before July 2005, at which time the International Olympic Committee would vote on funding. However, due to shortfalls in the MTA's Capital Program, as well as preexisting funding for the Second Avenue Subway and East Side Access, the MTA could not pay to fund the extension. After a proposal for the West Side Stadium, an Olympic stadium to be located above the nearby West Side Yard, was rejected in 2005, New York City quickly lost their Olympic bid.
For then-Mayor Michael Bloomberg, the extension was still a priority. In his December 12, 2006, address to the New York League of Conservation Voters noted that in November 2006, the government began issuing bonds to fund the extension of the 7 subway to Eleventh Avenue and 34th Street. The extension was funded with New York City funds from municipal tax increment financing (TIF) bond sales that are expected to be repaid with property tax revenues from future developments in areas served by the extension. The one-station extension to the burgeoning Hudson Yards was originally to cost US$2.1 billion, but eventually grew to US$2.4 billion, excluding a US$500 million intermediate station at 10th Avenue that was canceled due to costs.
In October 2007, the MTA awarded a $1.145 billion contract to build 7,000 feet (2,100 m) of twin-tube tunnel to S3, a joint venture of J.F. Shea, Skanska USA Civil, and Schiavone. The contract was to build tunnel from the current 7 train terminus at Times Square westward underneath 41st Street to Eleventh Avenue, then down to 26th Street. Richard Dattner and Partners, Architects, designed the 34th Street station. After excavating the new terminal's shell and creating the first 1,000 feet (300 m) of tunnel using the drill-and-blast method, S3 placed two tunnel-boring machines (TBMs) in the ground to dig the remaining 6,000 feet (1,800 m); as it dug, each TBM placed precast concrete liner segments to create the tunnel interior.
In June 2008, construction on the tunnels began along Eleventh Avenue in Manhattan. On December 21, 2009, the MTA said that a tunnel-boring machine broke through the 34th Street station cavern wall. Both tunnel-boring machines were scheduled to finish the required tunneling in the spring of 2010.
In April 2011, the MTA announced that the contract covering the tunnels, the station mezzanine and passenger platform was 85% complete, and that the systems contract, covering mechanical and electrical systems, electric power, lighting and train tracks would be awarded by July 2011. The systems contract was awarded in September 2011. In May 2012, the MTA announced that the extension, now 65% complete, had received the installation of the first set of rails. By August 2013, the extension was 90% complete.
On December 20, 2013, Bloomberg took a ceremonial ride on a train to the nearly-complete station, celebrating a part of his legacy as mayor, during a press tour of the extension. Train testing did not commence until June 2015.
In January 2012, the station was touted as under-budget and on schedule to open in 2013, before a series of delays plagued the project. The station, originally part of the city's bid for the 2012 Summer Olympics, was supposed to first open as part of a two-station subway extension, including Tenth Avenue station, in summer 2012. When London was chosen for the Olympics, the opening date was pushed to December 2013; the Tenth Avenue station was dropped from construction plans soon after. By June 2012, trains were still expected to run "for test purposes" by the end of 2013. That same month, the station's opening was delayed to June 2014 for completion of the station's fitting-out.
Michael Horodniceanu, chief of MTA Construction Company, told the New York Times in January 2014 that complications in the installation of the inclined elevator would likely cause a further delay of about three months, bringing the opening date to very late summer or early fall of 2014, or to November 2014.[note 2] By March 2014, the station's tentative opening date was still to be in November 2014.
Then, in May 2014, the opening was delayed again to install the inclined elevator, as it had originally failed a factory test in Como Province, Italy. Officials had insisted that the Italian-manufactured elevator have software and parts made from a variety of different companies in America, rather than from a single foreign company. However, the station was not delayed solely because of the elevators. The station's opening was also pushed to later dates due to "integrated testing for fire protection", which required the completion of all station infrastructure, including escalators, stairs, and elevators. Escalators and tunnel ventilation systems also caused the station to be delayed. At this point, the station was expected to open for service in late 2014,[note 2] but due to further elevator delays as well as problems with the extension's ventilation systems, it was delayed in October 2014 by a further few months, to February 2015. The opening date was originally supposed to be before 10 Hudson Yards, the first Hudson Yards building, opened in July 2015.
At this point, the project was so far delayed that the MTA was offered US$4.75 million in "incentive" money if the station opened by February 24, 2015. Software changes were made to solve the elevators' problems, and the elevators were installed. Testing would be complete by November. Three ventilation systems were already installed by October 1, 2014, with two more systems to be installed by the end of the month. On November 17, it was confirmed that February 24 would be the opening date for the station; new signs and the southern entrance's canopy started to be erected. However, just a month later, the MTA stated that it was unable to open the subway extension for service until April to July 2015, due to the failure to get the inclined elevators to work properly. The MTA also cited problems with the fire alarm and security systems as another reason for the delay. In addition, Hudson Yards' developer, The Related Companies, also needed to dig caissons for the foundations of 55 Hudson Yards, just above the subway station, and the foundation work needed to be complete before the MTA could proceed with opening the station.
The MTA made another announcement, on March 24, 2015, saying that the station's opening would be delayed again to summer 2015, due to more problems with the fire and security systems. In addition, third rails, public service announcement systems, ventilation fans, escalators, and elevators would need to be tested. By April 2015, the station was complete, but unopened. On June 15, 2015, though, the extension was pushed back again to "before the end of the third quarter" of 2015. A month later, the MTA confirmed that the station would be opened on or before September 13, 2015. The opening date was confirmed on August 28, 2015. By this point, MTA chairman Thomas Prendergast had stated that the myriad delays in both the new station and in the other MTA Capital Construction projects were humiliating.
The station opened on September 13, 2015, in a ribbon-cutting ceremony attended by New York City mayor Bill de Blasio, U.S. Senator Chuck Schumer, and former deputy mayor Dan Doctoroff. The secondary station entrance at 35th Street, as well as finishing touches within the station itself, is not expected to be completed until December 2015.
Just a couple of days after the station opened, though, there were some problems in and around the station, which multiple news outlets criticized. An escalator broke down on September 14, just a day after the station's opening. In an unrelated September 16 incident, a straphanger got injured while walking up another escalator at the 34th Street station. Earlier that day, the New York Post reported on signal problems in the brand-new tunnels around the station, while riders complained about the delays on Twitter and Reddit. A Wall Street Journal commentator remarked that "it's only a matter of months (make that weeks) before the gleaming station ... is pockmarked with chewing-gum spots, urban scrawl and litter." Overall, however, the station received positive acclaim during its first few days of service. In an article in several newspapers distributed by NYC Community Media, Lenore Skenazy writes that many riders have praised the station's design, its cleanliness, and its climate-controlled platforms, and noted herself that the station looked and felt "as uplifting as a cathedral".
|B1||Upper Mezzanine||Escalators, elevator, and stairs to Exits/Entrances
(Elevator near SW corner of 34th Street and Hudson Boulevard East)
|Fare control, station agent, MetroCard vending machines|
|Escalators and incline elevators to lower mezzanine|
|B2||Lower Mezzanine||Staircases and elevators to platforms|
|Track 1||off-peak hours ( peak hours) toward Flushing – Main Street (Times Square) →|
|Island platform, doors will open on the left, right|
|Track 2||toward Flushing – Main Street (Times Square) →|
The approximately 1,200-foot (370 m) station, designed by Dattner Architects, has a single wide island platform serving two tracks, as well as eight staircases between the lower mezzanine and the platform. The platform itself is 35 feet (11 m) wide, which makes it much wider than many other island platforms in the subway system; by comparison, the Chambers Street station in Lower Manhattan has platforms that are 18.5 feet (5.6 m) wide, and the Second Avenue Subway stations are 28 feet (8.5 m) wide. The platform, at 585 feet (178 m) long, is among the longest in the IRT system, as well as the longest "column-free" platform of any station in the system. In addition, there is a large 3-block-long mezzanine, stretching between 33rd and 36th Streets, overhead.
The station's extreme depth necessitates an upper (fare) mezzanine and a lower (passenger) mezzanine. A 27.6-foot-deep (8.4 m) fare mezzanine is located under the basements of 55 Hudson Yards, and escalators and an incline elevator lead to a lower mezzanine, which is 109 feet (33 m) deep. The Empire Connection and North River Tunnels are both above the station.[note 3] Above the lower mezzanine is a curved, oval-shaped ceiling indentation that helps to cover the ventilation tubes in the station ceiling, and also acts as a skylight. The curved, cavernous ceiling of the lower mezzanine helps the station be energy-efficient via the use of indirect lighting. The station has a total of nine escalators from the lower mezzanine to the main entrance, as well as four elevators. Of these, two are vertical elevators—one from street level to the upper mezzanine, and one from the lower mezzanine to platform level. The other two are incline elevators. There are four escalators and two stairs from the main entrance to the upper mezzanine. Past the main entrance's fare control, which is split into two banks, there are two parallel shafts down to the lower mezzanine; the northern shaft carries four escalators, while the southern shaft carries one escalator and the two incline elevators. The lowermost five escalators are the system's longest and take about one minute and thirty seconds to traverse.
The walls adjacent to the tracks have white tiles arranged in sets of three 15-foot (4.6 m) columns of 3 tiles each. There are two-tile-high gray squares containing white "34"s in the middle of each set of columns. They are pre-fabricated porcelain panels, in three-by-five slabs, to allow easy replacement. On the lower mezzanine, the architects used high ceilings and convex railings to make the station seem bigger, thus improving passenger flow. A tiling pattern, similar to that used on platform level, is also used on the lower mezzanine, though electronic advertisement panels are mounted on the walls at certain areas along the lower mezzanine. The cavernous station's design has been compared to that of Washington Metro stations, although early plans for narrow, Washington Metro-like platforms were scrapped. The station has also been compared to stations along London's Jubilee Line Extension, and in fact, the station's architecture was inspired by that of the Canary Wharf tube station on that extension.
The station, which is paid for with tax increment financing property taxes, is the first to be funded by the city since the Jamaica – 179th Street station on the IND Queens Boulevard Line opened in 1950, as well as the first new unique station in the New York City Subway since the three stations on the IND 63rd Street Line opened in October 1989.[note 1]
Entrances and exits
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hudson Yards subway entrance.|
The station has two entrances and exits:
- Main Station Entrance / Ventilation Building – escalators and elevator on the west side of Hudson Boulevard between 33rd and 34th Streets
- Secondary Station Entrance – escalators on the SW corner of Hudson Park and Boulevard and 35th Street; to open December 2015
The main entrance, located east of the intersection of 34th Street and Eleventh Avenue at Hudson Boulevard, has a turtle shell-shaped glass canopy above it that allows light to shine on the upper mezzanine; The elevator is located east of the northeast corner of Eleventh Avenue and 33rd Street, while the escalator entrance is located between 33rd and 34th Streets, in the middle of the block within Hudson Park in the boulevard. The ventilation building will be built over by developers at a future date. The second entrance is at the southwest corner of 35th Street and Hudson Boulevard East. At both of the exits, the staircases and four escalators each go down 40 feet (12 m) to a fare control area, then another 80 feet (24 m) to the common lower mezzanine; the main entrance was completed by summer 2014, while the secondary entrance is still under construction and will be completed by December 2015.
Both entrances will feature the glass canopy design, the first of their kind in the subway system. They are intended to stand out aesthetically. The entrances are interweaved with the Hudson Yards developments, with the main entrance wedged between 50 Hudson Yards to the east and 55 Hudson Yards to the west. The rest of the Hudson Yards development is located very close to the south of the station. Both entrances are based on a design by architect Toshiko Mori, which itself is based on the design of smaller station entrances in the Paris Métro.
There was provisionally an entrance inside the 3 Hudson Boulevard building, near where the secondary station building will be. However, as both entrances will use a glass canopy cover independent of any Hudson Yards structures, the 3 Hudson Boulevard entrance was shelved in lieu of a subway entrance directly to the east of 3 Hudson Boulevard.
In the preliminary plans, there was also going to be an entrance at the southwest corner of Eleventh Avenue and 36th Street to serve the Javits Center directly. The secondary exit would have been relocated to the north side of 34th Street west of Hudson Boulevard.
In September 2007, it was announced that the new station would feature platform screen doors. However, plans for screen doors in New York City Subway stations were dropped in 2012, because of their high cost of $1 million per platform edge.[note 4] However, even without the inclusion of platform screen doors for ventilation and safety purposes, the station—along with the new South Ferry station on the IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line and the three Phase 1 Second Avenue Subway stations on the Upper East Side—includes special air-cooling systems that keep the temperature at 72 to 78 °F (22 to 26 °C) year-round. These systems, which already existed at Grand Central – 42nd Street station, help reduce the temperature along platforms. The station also has ventilation towers that are the largest in the New York City Subway system.
Unlike most stations in the system, which do not have open public restrooms, there are public restrooms in the station. The station also has a stainless steel oval-shaped station agent booth.
Materials used in the station are expected to last at least 100 years; include granite tile, ceramic tile, stainless steel panels on the walls, painted steel panels on the ceilings, energy-efficient fluorescent lamps and LEDs, and mesh; and are supposed to conform to New York City Transit criteria, including slip-resistance. The station also uses acoustic ceiling tiles to reduce noise, in addition to using indirect lighting. The station is also compliant with National Fire Protection Association standards, despite its extreme depth, as it can be evacuated in six minutes in case of fire, and the platform can be cleared within four minutes.
While the station was not equipped with Wi-Fi or 3G at the time of opening, it was to be installed "in the near future". However, the station does include "countdown clocks" indicating the time until the next train, as well as Help Point emergency intercoms and in-station travel planners.
As part of the MTA's "Arts for Transit" program, three mosaics by Xenobia Bailey, which total approximately 2,788 square feet (259.0 m2), were installed in three locations within the station. The artworks, titled Funktional Vibrations, are based on some of Bailey's crocheting patterns, and is located in an oval-shaped recession in the ceiling at the 34th Street entrance. The other two mosaics are located in the station entrances. The Hudson Park and Boulevard project is also included with the construction of the station. However, there is no artwork in the rest of the station; one Newsweek writer observed that while the station was "very clean but also a little antiseptic", "cool", and "efficient", it was also "lacking all character" with its austere design.
The station is more than 10 stories deep, placing it among the system's deepest—so deep, in fact, that the North River Tunnels and the planned Gateway Project tunnels pass over it by approximately 35 feet (11 m). The station, which is 125 feet (38 m) below street level, and 108 feet (33 m) below sea level in total, is the third deepest subway station in the entire system, behind 190th Street and 191st Street stations; as a result, nine escalators were installed at the station. In addition, passenger access to the station includes a pair of custom-made incline elevators, which are installed in the southernmost of the two shafts between the upper and lower mezzanines, at the 34th Street end of the station. In April 2014, the first of two 172-foot-long (52 m) incline elevators was installed in the station. The elevators are relatively slow in order to encourage non-disabled riders to use the escalators. These incline elevators make the station the first to be built to comply with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA).[note 5]
The 80-foot (24 m) high incline elevators, which move at 100 feet (30 m) per minute (making an entire trip between the mezzanine levels in less than two minutes) and are sloped at a 27-degree angle, are the first of their kind in the system. Each elevator can hold up to 15 standing passengers or five wheelchair passengers. The inclined elevators were less expensive than vertically-traveling elevators, and were installed within the large escalator shaft at 34th Street. However, as the incline elevators had originally failed a factory test by its manufacturer Maspero Elevatori, there were multiple delays in opening the station, and the opening date was eventually delayed from December 2013 to late 2014, then to mid-2015.
The use of inclined elevators was intended to provide wheelchair-bound patrons with a shorter, easier path to the train platform as well as to reduce tunneling costs. The two elevators were manufactured by Maspero Elevatori, in Appiano Gentile, Italy, using a controller made on Long Island, speed governors made in Ohio, and buttons and other parts in Queens. The software for the elevator was written in the United States. Maspero Elevatori assembled the elevators in Italy, and they failed an operational test there, prior to being shipped to the United States. The MTA said the manufacturer chose to use American subcontractors in place of local Italian suppliers after reading the specifications the transit agency submitted. The MTA worked with the manufacturer to try to resolve the problems caused by a very high level of customization.
The tracks of this station continue south of the station, down to 26th Street, to allow trains to be stored south of the station during off-peak hours; the tail tracks are seven blocks long, enough to store two 11-car trains each, since the extension will add 66 more cars to the train fleet of the 7 service. There are also two diamond crossovers, one north and one south of the station. The storage tracks at this location were constructed due to the Corona Yard in Queens lacking any space to hold any more trains, and expanding the yard is very difficult due to its location next to the Flushing River. A new storage yard elsewhere would be prohibitively expensive, as they would cost hundreds of millions of dollars.
The station is expected to be very heavily used, due to its location as "the only subway line serving the area west of Ninth Avenue below 59th Street", as well as its status as the main subway station for the Hudson Yards area and the closest station to the busy Javits Center. Originally, the station was projected to serve 27,000 passengers per day, or about 9.855 million passengers per year, when it first opened. After the Hudson Yards is complete, ridership was to grow very heavily, with an average of 35,000 people per hour using the station at its peak by 2020. By September 2015, though, projections had increased to a proposed ridership of 32,000 people per hour. The projected 2025 ridership of 200,000 daily riders is more than at Times Square station, the station with the most ridership as of 2013[update] with 197,696 riders a day.
Projections predict that during the morning rush hour alone, 26,000 passengers will be leaving the station, while 15,000 will be simultaneously entering the station. This will make it the busiest subway station in New York City that is not a transfer station. The station, however, is built to handle an even higher capacity of 40,000 passengers per hour during peak times and events at the Javits Center.
The high projected ridership is despite the fact that it was once described as a station on an "extension to nowhere", given the relative sparseness of the area in 2007. As late as 2011, it was thought that the city was wasting money on the station because, at the time, Hudson Yards had not yet been finalized. However, it was reported that only 7,000 daily riders entered the station between September 13–22, 2015, below the MTA's projected ridership of 32,000 passengers upon the station's opening. This was attributed to as-of-yet incomplete developments in the area, as well as an unopened entrance to the nearby High Line Park. In late October 2015, AM New York found that the average daily ridership was even lower, at only 5,900 passengers per day, except for during the 2015 New York Comic Con on October 8–11, when average daily ridership reached 18,300 daily riders.
The warehouse district west of Eighth Avenue and north of 34th Street was rezoned in 2005 into a commercial and residential area, and the station is part of an effort to accelerate development in the area. The reportedly "transformative" subway extension to 34th Street spurred development in the Hudson Yards area by providing transit access for future tenants of the Hudson Yards development, and by keeping up with the MTA's goal to "ensure that all new residential and commercial growth in the MTA region between 2008 and 2030 is concentrated within a half-mile of an MTA station". In addition to providing transit access to residents and tenants of nearby neighborhoods, the construction of the station was expected to bolster the area's commercial growth and, in turn, creating up to 50,000 jobs in the area.
Mitchell Moss, director of New York University's Rudin Center for Transportation Policy & Management, states that the development of Hudson Yards, and the related subway extension, were among the benefits of the 2012 Olympic bid, saying that "the #7 Extension will be one of the largest expansions of the New York City transit system in decades and one of the most significant in terms of its potential impact." Moss says that redevelopment of the west side was a direct result of the new subway station's construction. Kenneth T. Jackson, editor of The Encyclopedia of New York City, describes the extension as a "very important" one.
Since the station started construction, land prices in the immediate area have nearly doubled. Interest in the surrounding area has also grown, as many development companies are going to Hudson Yards to buy air rights; for instance Related Companies, already the developer of Hudson Yards, entered a contract to buy a $75 million-plus parcel of land between 35th and 36th Streets and between Eleventh Avenue and Hudson Boulevard, as well as land over a McDonald's to build 50 Hudson Yards. Also as a result of the subway extension, three tenants have already been found for 10 Hudson Yards, and Citigroup is considering moving to the area. Most importantly, however, the $750 million platform supporting much of Hudson Yards was built starting in January 2013; subway construction for a station that could potentially carry up to 27,000 daily passengers necessitated the construction of more buildings, as 70% of tenants are expected to come to Hudson Yards via the 7 subway extension. Additionally, new restaurants, luxury condominiums, and stores have appeared near the station and along the extension's route, and residential prices along the extension have also increased. A construction boom has occurred in the greater Hudson Yards area as well.
The station is described by the MTA as the centerpieces of the Hudson Park and Boulevard, as well as of the entire Hudson Yards project, which developers say could not have been started without the 7 subway extension. Horodniceanu stated that "this new, modern station will be the lifeline of Manhattan's newest neighborhood. It will make it possible for thousands of residents, employees and visitors to get to Hudson Yards easily and quickly. Without the extension, this new development would not have been possible." The completion of the High Line and the Hudson Boulevard, as well as the Javits Center renovation, are boosting development in the area as well. Although Hudson Yards was not finished at the time of the station's opening, the High Line and the Javits Center are popular destinations for station patrons.
- The last unique stations—Lexington Avenue – 63rd Street, Roosevelt Island, and 21st Street – Queensbridge, opened on October 27, 1989. The new South Ferry station platform opened on March 16, 2009, but is not an entirely new station; in fact, it connects to an existing station, Whitehall Street.
- The exact opening date at this time was unclear. The tentative opening date was given by alternate sources as either November 2014, fall or winter 2014, fall 2014, or simply "2014".
- The depth is so that there is minimal disruption to the structures above the station, such as the Lincoln Tunnel.
- In pictures released on December 21, 2013, platform screen doors are not present within the station.
- There are other accessible New York City Subway stations, but the 34th Street – Hudson Yards station is the first to be built with ADA access in mind.
- Mitchell L. Moss (November 2011). "HOW NEW YORK CITY WON THE OLYMPICS" (PDF). Rudin Center for Transportation Policy and Management, Robert F. Wagner Graduate School of Public Service. New York University. Retrieved September 11, 2015.
- Preparing for the Future: A Commercial Development Strategy for New York City : Final Report. Group of 35. 2001. p. 56. Retrieved September 12, 2015.
- Bagli, Charles V.; Cooper, Michael (June 7, 2005). "Olympic Bid Hurt as New York Fails in West Side Stadium Quest". The New York Times. Retrieved September 12, 2015.
- "New York Comes in a Disappointing Fourth Place". WNYC. July 6, 2005. Retrieved September 12, 2015.
- Hinderer, Katie (December 13, 2006). "NYC Mayor Outlines Long-Term Growth Plan". GlobeSt.com. Retrieved February 28, 2010.
- "City Raises $2 Billion in Bonds For No. 7 Line Extension". NY1. December 7, 2006. Retrieved February 28, 2010.
- "Readers Write: LI competing for transportation dollars". May 29, 2014. Retrieved May 29, 2014.
- "Transit Board Approves Funding For 7 Line Extension". NY1. October 25, 2007. Retrieved February 28, 2010.
- "Top New York Projects" (PDF). New York Construction. June 2008. p. 27. Retrieved February 28, 2010.
- "Former Mayor Bloomberg and Governor Spitzer Announce Start of Construction on No. 7 Subway Extension" (Press release). New York City Mayor's Office. December 3, 2007. Retrieved February 28, 2010.
- "No. 7 Subway Line Extension". Richard Dattner & Partners Architects. Archived from the original on March 15, 2012. Retrieved February 28, 2010.
- "Various Visions of the Future in NYC's First New Subway Station in 25 Years". Hyperallergic. September 15, 2015. Retrieved September 17, 2015.
- "Capital Program 7 Line Extension". MTA.info. December 20, 2013. Retrieved January 30, 2014.
- "West Side Development Project Gets The Green Light". NY1. December 21, 2009. Retrieved February 28, 2010.
- Cuza, Bobby (February 19, 2009). "Crews Lower Giant Drill into 7 Line Tunnel". NY1. Archived from the original on May 5, 2009. Retrieved February 28, 2010.
- "Work on Extending the No. 7 Line Continues to Progress". MTA Press Release. Retrieved April 10, 2014.
- "Work to Begin Under Last Major Contract Needed to Extend the 7". MTA.info. September 14, 2011. Retrieved September 16, 2011.
- Luther S. Miller (May 10, 2012). "NYCT's No. 7 extension gets first rails". Railway Age.
- "7 Line Extension 90 Percent Complete". MTA Press Release. Retrieved August 22, 2013.
- "Mayor Bloomberg gets ride on No. 7 subway line extension he championed". Daily News. New York. December 21, 2013. Retrieved December 22, 2013.
- "Bloomberg Takes Inaugural Ride on 7 Train Extension to Far West Side – Hell's Kitchen & Clinton". Dnainfo.com New York. December 20, 2013. Retrieved December 24, 2013.
- "Three cheers for the No. 7 extension". New York Post. December 20, 2013.
- Davies, Alex (December 20, 2013). "Mayor Bloomberg Took The First Ride on NYC's New Subway Extension". Business Insider. Retrieved April 21, 2014.
- "Mayor Bloomberg, MTA Officials Take Ceremonial First Ride on 7 Subway Train Extension". MTA.info. December 20, 2013. Retrieved May 14, 2014.
- 7 Line Extension Train Operator and Dispatcher Training (YouTube video). New York Metropolitan Transportation Authority. May 31, 2015.
- Coen, Amanda (January 19, 2012). "New York City's 7 Line Extension is Ahead of Schedule & Under Budget". Inhabitat. Retrieved May 13, 2014.
- Cuozzo, Steve (June 5, 2012). "No. 7 train 6 mos. late". New York Post. Retrieved April 21, 2014.
- "NYCT gives Mayor Bloomberg ceremonial ride on 7 Subway Extension | Railway Track & Structures". Rtands.com. December 23, 2013. Retrieved December 24, 2013.
- "More Delays and Rising Cost for Project Connecting L.I.R.R. to Grand Central Terminal". The New York Times. January 27, 2014.
- Kabak, Benjamin (February 27, 2014). "7 line extension opening now projected for November". Second Avenue Sagas. Retrieved March 5, 2014.
- "No. 7 train extension delayed". The Real Deal. January 27, 2014. Retrieved April 21, 2014.
- Zoe Rosenberg (August 14, 2014). "Tour Hudson Boulevard and Park, the City's Next Park Avenue". Curbed. Retrieved August 26, 2014.
- "MTA: Fulton Street Transit Center to open June 26". The Real Deal. March 25, 2014. Retrieved April 21, 2014.
- Donohue, Pete (April 28, 2014). "Metropolitan Transportation Authority building New York City subway system's first inclined elevator". Daily News. New York. Retrieved April 29, 2014.
- Harshbarger, Rebecca (May 13, 2014). "Manhattan gets first commuter ferry stopping along Hudson". New York Post. p. 4. Retrieved May 17, 2014.
- hudsonyardsnewyork.com—Hudson Yards Location
- Flegenheimer, Matt (May 29, 2014). "With New Slant on Subway Elevators, Expect Delays". The New York Times. Retrieved May 29, 2014.
- hudsonyardsnewyork.com—Hudson Yards Master Plan
- "Hudson Yards Set to Alter Skyline, Transform Neighborhood". Chelsea Now. February 6, 2013. Retrieved June 2, 2014.
- "Fancy New 7 Train Extension Expected To Open in February". Gothamist. October 1, 2014. Retrieved October 1, 2014.
- Mueller, Benjamin (June 23, 2014). "Transit Hub and Work on No. 7 Line Face Delays". The New York Times.
- 10 Hudson Yards fact sheet
- Donohue, Pete (October 1, 2014). "No. 7 subway line extension to West Side on track to open in February: official". Daily News. New York. Retrieved October 12, 2014.
- Mocker, Greg (November 17, 2014). "What would you call the newest subway stop in NYC?". PIX11. Retrieved December 4, 2014.
- "New York will have to wait till spring for No. 7 subway extension". Daily News. New York. December 15, 2014. Retrieved December 15, 2014.
- Sill, Andrew. "Hudson Yards subway extension delayed again".
- "7 subway line extension delayed yet again, eyes summer opening". New York Business Journal. March 24, 2015.
- Goldberg, Barbara (December 21, 2014). "NYC subway extension may transform Manhattan neighborhood". McCall.com.
- Rebecca Harshbarger (December 15, 2014). "7 train opening delayed". New York Post.
- Emma G. Fitzsimmons (March 24, 2015). "More Delays for No. 7 Subway Line Extension". The New York Times. Retrieved March 29, 2015.
- Jaffe, Eric (March 24, 2015). "New York's Newest Subway Expansion Is Delayed, But at Least the Photos Are Gorgeous". City Lab. Retrieved April 10, 2015.
- Dennis Green (April 29, 2015). "A series of delays have kept a now fully completed subway station under Manhattan from opening". Business Insider. Retrieved May 7, 2015.
- Jose Martinez (June 15, 2015). "MTA: 7 Line Extension to Open Up Before End of Third Quarter". NY1. Retrieved June 20, 2015.
- Emma Whitford (July 20, 2015). "7 Line Extension Will Open "By September 13th"". Gothamist.
- "Hudson Yards Subway Extension to Open in September: MTA". NBC New York.
- Tangel, Andrew (August 28, 2015). "At Last: New Station for 7 Train Set to Open". WSJ. Retrieved September 10, 2015.
- Newman, Philip (September 10, 2015). "No. 7 station to open at last on 11th Ave. in Manhattan". TimesLedger. Retrieved September 10, 2015.
- Fitzsimmons, Emma G. (September 12, 2015). "Subway Station to Open This Weekend, Bringing 7 Line to Far West Side". The New York Times. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
- Fitzsimmons, Emma G. (September 10, 2015). "Subway Station for 7 Line Opens on Far West Side". The New York Times. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
- "New 7 line subway extension to the West Side opens". ABC7 New York. September 13, 2015. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
- Tangel, Andrew (September 13, 2015). "New Subway Station Opens on NYC's Far West Side". WSJ. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
- "Photos: NYC's Newest (And 469th) Subway Station, 34th Street-Hudson Yards, Is Open". Gothamist. September 13, 2015. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
- Saul, Emily (September 14, 2015). "Escalator broken at new 7 train station after just one day". New York Post. Retrieved September 16, 2015.
- "Escalator Breaks At Brand-New Hudson Yards No. 7 Subway Station". CBS New York. September 14, 2015. Retrieved September 16, 2015.
- Kapp, Trevor (September 16, 2015). "Straphanger Injured on Escalator at New Hudson Yards 7 Train Stop". DNAinfo New York. Retrieved September 16, 2015.
- Li, David K. (September 16, 2015). "Brand new subway station already plagued by delays". New York Post. Retrieved September 16, 2015.
- "New 34th St-Hudson Yards Station Not 1000% Perfect, Outraging NYers". Gothamist. September 16, 2015. Retrieved September 16, 2015.
- Gardner, Ralph Jr. (September 16, 2015). "Behold, the Shiny and Spotless Hudson Yards Station". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved September 16, 2015.
- "7 Extension a Great Addition, Say Early Adopters". chelseanow.com. 2015-09-17. Retrieved 2015-09-17.
- Skenazy, Lenore (September 14, 2015). "Stop it – the Hudson Yards subway station got built, and it's beautiful". Downtown Express. Retrieved September 16, 2015. (also at The Villager)
- "A Tour of NYC's Newest Subway Station With Its Architect". Curbed NY. 2015-09-21. Retrieved 2015-09-24.
- "New 7 Line Extension to 11 Avenue". mta.info. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
- "Subway planners present the No. 7 extension, with room for improvement". Capital New York. February 15, 2011. Retrieved May 8, 2014.
- nycsubway.org—Rapid Transit Station Design (1920)
- "MTA's 469th Station is First Addition to Subway System in 26 Years". MTA. September 13, 2015. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
- "Photos: Inside the 7 line extension". Second Ave. Sagas. Retrieved October 29, 2014.
- Depiction of station layout on Flickr
- "Photos, Video: Ecstatic 7 Train Riders Test Out The New 34th St-Hudson Yards Station". Gothamist. September 14, 2015. Retrieved September 14, 2015.
- Picture of tiles
- Kelly Weill. "Photos: Inside The New 7 Train Extension". Gothamist. Retrieved December 23, 2013.
- "Sneak Peek: Hudson Park & Boulevard". Retrieved October 29, 2014.
- Plitt, Amy (June 25, 2013). "Check out progress on the MTA's 7-train extension (photos)". Time Out New York. Retrieved May 8, 2014.
- mta.info—Benefits of the 7 Line Extension
- Alberts, Hana (June 11, 2013). "3 Hudson Boulevard's Sky Club, Possible Condos Revealed". Curbed NY. Retrieved June 4, 2014.
- "NO. 7 SUBWAY EXTENSION-HUDSON YARDS REZONING AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM" (PDF). nyc.gov. Retrieved 26 September 2015.
- "MTA Plans To Install Platform Doors on 7 Line Extension". NY1. September 8, 2007. Retrieved January 8, 2014.
- Dana Rubenstein (December 12, 2012). "No Seoul-style platform doors for New York subways, even in new stations". Capital New York. Retrieved May 29, 2014.
- NYC Subway Deaths Spur Officials to Call for Action, The Epoch Times.
- 7 Line Extension Ceremonial Ride, Flickr album by user "MTAPhotos"
- Donohue, Pete (August 4, 2006). "Cooler Subways Coming – Eventually". Daily News (New York). Retrieved February 28, 2010.
- Roberts, Sam (September 30, 2013). "No Heel Hazards (or Gusts) as Subway Expands". The New York Times (New York). Retrieved May 5, 2014.
- Bautista, Christian Brazil (September 15, 2015). "City expands subway system for the first time in 26 years". Real Estate Weekly. Retrieved September 17, 2015.
- Haddon, Heather; Klopsis, Nicholas (April 11, 2010). "Flush with filth: Many subway station bathrooms dirty, or locked up". AM New York. Retrieved April 16, 2010.
- Robbins, Christopher (February 25, 2014). "Map: Where Are The Usable Subway Bathrooms?". Gothamist. Retrieved May 8, 2014.
- Alexander Nazaryan (September 15, 2015). "New York's Newest Subway Station: a Gateway to Dubai-on-the-Hudson". Newsweek. Retrieved September 16, 2015.
- nyc.gov—Mayor Bloomberg, MTA Officials and Local Leaders Take First Ride on 7 Subway Train Extension
- "MTA Turning Acres Above Hudson Yards Subway Station into New Park". NY1. September 25, 2014. Retrieved October 26, 2014.
- Track map for the Gateway Project
- Hudson Yards rendering
- "The Deepest and Highest Subway Stations in NYC: 191st St, 190th Street, Smith & 9th". Untapped Cities. Retrieved October 29, 2014.
- "Mayor Bloomberg, MTA Officials, and local leaders take first ride on 7 Subway Train Extension". Retrieved October 29, 2014.
- "New NY subway station links to booming West Side » Bulletin Leader". Bulletin Leader » News & Information. 2015-09-15. Retrieved 2015-09-17.
- Flegenheimer, Matt (December 20, 2013). "For a Mayor on His Way Out, a Subway Station on Its Way In". The New York Times. Retrieved December 24, 2013.
- mta.info—7 Line Extension
- Larry Penner (December 26, 2013). "What's Missing From the No. 7 Line Extension". The New York Observer. Retrieved May 9, 2014.
Remember that the existing Flushing, Queens, subway yard is already operating at capacity. This facility, built adjacent to wetlands, has little opportunity for expansion.
- "New Subway Station Opens Servicing New York's Javits Center". Successful Meetings. September 14, 2015. Retrieved September 17, 2015.
- Dobkin, Jake (February 8, 2012). "Check Out These Crazy Pix of the New 7 Train Extension". Gothamist. Retrieved May 8, 2014.
- Barbara Goldberg (December 18, 2014). "New York City subway extension may transform Manhattan neighborhood". Reuters. Retrieved December 31, 2014.
- Lisberg, Adam (April 27, 2010). "Bills coming in on Bloomberg's 7 train extension". Daily News. New York. Retrieved May 8, 2014.
- Kabak, Benjamin (2011-04-14). "Stirrings of development at Hudson Yards". Second Ave. Sagas. Retrieved 2015-09-17.
- Harshbarger, Rebecca (2015-09-21). "Ridership below prediction at new 7 train station". am New York. Retrieved 2015-09-23.
- Furfaro, Danielle (2015-09-21). "Ridership at new Hudson Yards station much lower than expected". New York Post. Retrieved 2015-09-23.
- "Fewer than 6K riders daily using new subway station". am New York. 2015-10-26. Retrieved 2015-10-28.
- Nonko, Emily (September 11, 2013). "Hudson Yards: New York City's Mega-Development to End All Mega-Developments". NewYork.com. Retrieved May 9, 2013.
- Volpe, Joseph (May 7, 2014). "New York's next big neighborhood is its smartest". Engadget. Retrieved May 9, 2014.
- Goldberg, Barbara (December 18, 2014). "NYC subway extension may transform Manhattan neighborhood". Yahoo News. Reuters. Retrieved December 18, 2014.
- Satow, Julie (April 3, 2012). "Development Thrives in the Hudson Rail Yards". The New York Times (New York, New York). Retrieved April 21, 2014.
- Soria, Chester (September 13, 2015). "Long-awaited Hudson Yards subway station opens after years of delay". Metro. Retrieved September 14, 2015.
- Bloomberg News. "Digging deep for the No. 7 line." Newsday. New York. February 20, 2009. Page 8.
- Daniel Geiger (October 6, 2013). "Hudson Yards' lucky No. 7". Crains New York Business. Retrieved August 27, 2014.
- Schlossberg, Tatiana (October 2, 2014). "Promise of New Subways Has West Siders Excited and East Siders Skeptical". The New York Times. Retrieved October 26, 2014.
- Bagli, Charles V. (June 19, 2015). "Redevelopment of Manhattan's Far West Side Gains Momentum". The New York Times. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
- "Start of a New Stop: 7 Line Comes to Hudson Yards". chelseanow.com. 2015-09-17. Retrieved 2015-09-17.
|YouTube video clips|
|Update, January 12, 2010; 2:32; MTA|
|Update, July 16, 2010; 3:13; MTA|
|Update, May 4, 2011; 2:59; MTA|
|Update, November 16, 2011; 2:27; MTA|
|Update – Rails being delivered, May 10, 2012; 2:53; MTA|
|Update, November 16, 2011; 3:08; MTA|
|Inaugural Ride, December 21, 2013; 9:30; MTA|
|7 Line Extension Train Operator and Dispatcher Training, May 31, 2015; 3:39; MTA|
|34 St-Hudson Yards Station, September 13, 2015; 4:51; MTA|
|NYC Subway: IRT (7) Trains & The New W. 34th St – 11th Ave (Hudson Yd), September 15, 2015; 5:50; The Transport Net|
MTA official website:
- 7 Subway Extension Update – Official MTA 7 Subway Extension Project Page (updated September 2015)
- New Milestone for No. 7 Subway Extension Project – MTA.info Website (June 11, 2010)
- Work on Extending the No. 7 Line Continues to Progress – MTA.info Website (April 4, 2011)
- 7 Line Extension is 90% Complete – MTA.info Website (August 21, 2013)
- New 7 Line Extension to 11 Avenue – MTA.info Website (September 13, 2015)
- Media related to 34th Street – Hudson Yards (IRT Flushing Line) at Wikimedia Commons
- 7 Extension Progress June 14, 2011 (29 photos) – MTA's Facebook Website
- 7 Extension Update – January 26, 2012 (27 photos) – MTA's Facebook Website
- 34 Street-Hudson Yards (7) Pictures) – The Subway Nut
- 34th Street-Hudson Yards (Javits Center) – nycsubway.org
- Station under construction from Google Maps Street View
- Station entrance under construction from Google Maps Street View
- Upper mezzanine from Google Maps Street View