|Discovered by||M. Laugier|
|Discovery site||Nice Obs.|
|Discovery date||17 October 1936|
|MPC designation||(3568) ASCII|
|ASCII / ASCII (magazine) (character code and magazine)|
|1936 UB · 1975 WZ1|
main-belt  · (outer)|
|Orbital characteristics |
|Epoch 23 March 2018 (JD 2458200.5)|
|Uncertainty parameter 0|
|Observation arc||81.52 yr (29,776 d)|
|5.60 yr (2,044 d)|
|0° 10m 33.96s / day|
3568 ASCII, provisional designation 1936 UB, is a dark background asteroid from the outer regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 24 kilometers (15 miles) in diameter. It was discovered on 17 October 1936, by French astronomer Marguerite Laugier at the Nice Observatory in southwestern France. In 1988, the D-type asteroid was named after both the computer character code ASCII and the Japanese computer magazine with the same name.
Orbit and classification
ASCII is a non-family asteroid from the main belt's background population. It orbits the Sun in the outer main-belt at a distance of 2.4–3.9 AU once every 5 years and 7 months (2,044 days; semi-major axis of 3.15 AU). Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.24 and an inclination of 19° with respect to the ecliptic.
ASCII has an absolute magnitude of 11.8. Based on the Moving Object Catalog (MOC) of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, the body has a spectral type of a very dark D-type asteroid, typically found in the outer main-belt and numerous among the Jupiter trojans. As of 2018, no rotational lightcurve of this asteroid has been obtained from photometric observations. The body's rotation period, pole and shape remain unknown.
Diameter and albedo
This minor planet was named after the acronym for American Standard Code for Information Interchange, ASCII, a computer character code and the name of a major Japanese magazine on microcomputers. The name was proposed by Syuichi Nakano, who identified this asteroid during his stay at the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory; a stay which was partially funded by articles he wrote for the principal Japanese ASCII magazine. The official naming citation was published by the Minor Planet Center on 2 April 1988 (M.P.C. 12973).
- "3568 ASCII (1936 UB)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 23 May 2018.
- "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 3568 ASCII (1936 UB)" (2018-04-26 last obs.). Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 23 May 2018.
- "Asteroid 3568 ASCII". Small Bodies Data Ferret. Retrieved 23 May 2018.
- Masiero, Joseph R.; Mainzer, A. K.; Grav, T.; Bauer, J. M.; Cutri, R. M.; Dailey, J.; et al. (November 2011). "Main Belt Asteroids with WISE/NEOWISE. I. Preliminary Albedos and Diameters". The Astrophysical Journal. 741 (2): 20. arXiv: . Bibcode:2011ApJ...741...68M. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/741/2/68. Retrieved 23 May 2018.
- Carvano, J. M.; Hasselmann, P. H.; Lazzaro, D.; Mothé-Diniz, T. (February 2010). "SDSS-based taxonomic classification and orbital distribution of main belt asteroids". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 510: 12. Bibcode:2010A&A...510A..43C. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/200913322. Retrieved 23 May 2018.
- "MPC/MPO/MPS Archive". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 23 May 2018.
- Dictionary of Minor Planet Names, Google books
- Discovery Circumstances: Numbered Minor Planets (1)-(5000) – Minor Planet Center
- 3568 ASCII at AstDyS-2, Asteroids—Dynamic Site
- 3568 ASCII at the JPL Small-Body Database