359 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
359 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 359 BC
Ab urbe condita 395
Ancient Egypt era XXX dynasty, 22
- Pharaoh Nectanebo II, 2
Ancient Greek era 105th Olympiad, year 2
Assyrian calendar 4392
Balinese saka calendar N/A
Bengali calendar −951
Berber calendar 592
Buddhist calendar 186
Burmese calendar −996
Byzantine calendar 5150–5151
Chinese calendar 辛酉(Metal Rooster)
2338 or 2278
    — to —
壬戌年 (Water Dog)
2339 or 2279
Coptic calendar −642 – −641
Discordian calendar 808
Ethiopian calendar −366 – −365
Hebrew calendar 3402–3403
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat −302 – −301
 - Shaka Samvat N/A
 - Kali Yuga 2742–2743
Holocene calendar 9642
Iranian calendar 980 BP – 979 BP
Islamic calendar 1010 BH – 1009 BH
Javanese calendar N/A
Julian calendar N/A
Korean calendar 1975
Minguo calendar 2270 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar −1826
Thai solar calendar 184–185
Tibetan calendar 阴金鸡年
(female Iron-Rooster)
−232 or −613 or −1385
    — to —
(male Water-Dog)
−231 or −612 or −1384

Year 359 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Laenas and Imperiosus (or, less frequently, year 395 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 359 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]


  • The Macedonian King Perdiccas III is killed while defending his country against an Illyrian attack led by King Bardylis. He is succeeded by his infant son, Amyntas IV. The child's uncle, Philip II, assumes the regency.
  • The Illyrians prepare to close in, the Paeonians raid from the north and two claimants to the Macedonian throne are supported by foreign powers. Philip II buys off his dangerous neighbours and, with a treaty, cedes Amphipolis to Athens.