35th Parachute Artillery Regiment
|35e Régiment d'Artillerie Parachutiste|
|Size||900 men and women|
|Part of||11th Parachute Brigade|
|Motto||Droit Devant (Eng: Straight Ahead)|
|Badge of the 35th Parachute Artillery Regiment worn on Maroon Berets. This badge is also worn by French Foreign Legion Paratroopers on Green Berets.|
The 35th Parachute Artillery Regiment (French: 35e Régiment d'Artillerie Parachutiste, 35e RAP) is the only airborne artillery unit of the French Army, it forms the artillery component of the 11th Parachute Brigade. It is based in Tarbes together with 1st Parachute Hussar Regiment.
The 35th Artillery Regiment was created on 7 October 1873 in Vannes; the regiment was commanded by Colonel Ferdinand Foch, future Marshal of France and Supreme Allied Commander during World War I, from 1903 to 1905. The regiment fought in World War I, receiving four citations in the order of the army, and World War II. During the Battle of France in 1940 it was almost destroyed while covering the Dunkirk evacuation of Allied troops. The regiment was dissolved in 1942 after the invasion of Vichy France by Nazi Germany.
The regiment was reconstituted after World War II in 1947 and based at Tarbes, later it was reorganized into the 35th Parachute Light Artillery Regiment (Fr: 35e Régiment d’Artillerie Légère Parachutiste, 35e RALP). The regiment fought in the First Indochina War (1953), most notably during the Battle of Dien Bien Phu, and the Algerian War. With the end of the Algerian War it was repatriated to France and became part of the 11th Parachute Division.
- Command and Logistics Battery
- Intelligence Battery "Les Rapaces"
- 2nd Battery "Les Corbeaux"
- 3rd Battery "Les Sangliers"
- AA Battery
- 5th Reserve Battery
Except for the Legionnaires of the 1e REG, 2e REG, 2e REP that conserve the Green Beret; the remainder of the French army metropolitan and marine paratroopers forming the 11th Parachute Brigade wear the Red Beret.
Circled Winged Armed Dextrochere worn on Red Beret of French Army Metropolitan Paratroopers
Anchored Winged Armed Dextrochere worn on Red Beret (Amaranth) of French Army Marine Infantry Paratroopers
The Archangel Saint Michael, patron of the French paratroopers is celebrated on September 29.
The prière du Para (Prayer of the Paratrooper) was written by André Zirnheld in 1938.
Just like the paratrooper Brevet of the French Army; the Insignia of French Paratroopers was created in 1946. The French Army Insignia of metropolitan Paratroopers represents a closed <<winged armed dextrochere>>, meaning a "right winged arm" armed with a sword pointing upwards. The Insignia makes reference to the Patron of Paratroopers. In fact, the Insignia represents <<the right Arm of Saint Michael>>, the Archangel which according to Liturgy is the <<Armed Arm of God>>. This Insignia is the symbol of righteous combat and fidelity to superior missions. The French Army Insignia of Marine Infantry Paratroopers is backgrounded by a Marine Anchor.
- Croix de guerre 1914–1918 (4 citations)