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|Millennium:||1st millennium BC|
|361 BC by topic|
|Gregorian calendar||361 BC|
|Ab urbe condita||393|
|Ancient Egypt era||XXX dynasty, 20|
|- Pharaoh||Djedhor, 2|
|Ancient Greek era||104th Olympiad, year 4|
|Balinese saka calendar||N/A|
|Chinese calendar||己未年 (Earth Goat)|
2336 or 2276
— to —
庚申年 (Metal Monkey)
2337 or 2277
|Coptic calendar||−644 – −643|
|Ethiopian calendar||−368 – −367|
|- Vikram Samvat||−304 – −303|
|- Shaka Samvat||N/A|
|- Kali Yuga||2740–2741|
|Iranian calendar||982 BP – 981 BP|
|Islamic calendar||1012 BH – 1011 BH|
|Minguo calendar||2272 before ROC|
|Thai solar calendar||182–183|
−234 or −615 or −1387
— to —
−233 or −614 or −1386
Year 361 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Stolo and Peticus (or, less frequently, year 393 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 361 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.
- With the Persian empire weakening, revolts occur in many parts of the empire, including Sidon, a prosperous and rich Phoenician city.
- The Egyptians under their King Teos and the Spartans under King Agesilaus II, with some Athenian mercenaries under their general Chabrias, set out to attack the Persian King's Phoenician cities. However, they have to return almost at once due to revolts back in Egypt. Subsequently, Agesilaus II quarrels with the Egyptian king and joins a revolt against him.
- Callistratus of Aphidnae, an Athenian orator and general, and the Athenian general, Chabrias, are brought to trial in Athens on account of the refusal of the Thebans to surrender the city of Oropus, which on Callistratus' advice the Thebans have been allowed to occupy temporarily. Despite his magnificent oration in his defence (which so impresses Demosthenes that he resolves to study oratory), Callistratus is condemned to death. He flees to Methone in Macedonia, where he is accommodated by King Perdiccas III who draws on his financial expertise. Chabrias is acquitted and then accepts a command under the King of Egypt, Teos, who is defending his country against Persian attempts at reconquest.
- Plato returns once more to Syracuse to teach the young Syracusan tyrant Dionysius II. He fails to reconcile the tyrant to Dion, who Dionysius II banished in 366 BC. Because of this, Plato is forced to flee Syracuse to save his life.
- Agathocles, tyrant of Syracuse (d. 289 BC)
- Lysimachus of Thrace, Macedonian officer and "successor" (diadochus) of Alexander the Great (approximate date) (d. 281 BC)