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|Millennium:||1st millennium BC|
|362 BC by topic|
|Gregorian calendar||362 BC|
|Ab urbe condita||392|
|Ancient Egypt era||XXX dynasty, 19|
|- Pharaoh||Djedhor, 1|
|Ancient Greek era||104th Olympiad, year 3|
|Balinese saka calendar||N/A|
|Chinese calendar||戊午年 (Earth Horse)|
2335 or 2275
— to —
己未年 (Earth Goat)
2336 or 2276
|Coptic calendar||−645 – −644|
|Ethiopian calendar||−369 – −368|
|- Vikram Samvat||−305 – −304|
|- Shaka Samvat||N/A|
|- Kali Yuga||2739–2740|
|Iranian calendar||983 BP – 982 BP|
|Islamic calendar||1013 BH – 1012 BH|
|Minguo calendar||2273 before ROC|
|Thai solar calendar||181–182|
−235 or −616 or −1388
— to —
−234 or −615 or −1387
Year 362 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Ahala and Aventinensis (or, less frequently, year 392 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 362 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.
- Mausolus of Caria joins the revolt of the satraps of Anatolia against the Persian king Artaxerxes II.
- The outbreak of civil war in the Arcadian league leads to Mantinea fighting alongside Sparta and Athens, while Tegea and others members of the league side with Thebes. The Theban general, Epaminondas, heads the large allied army in the Peloponnesus. He is met by Sparta (led by Spartan general Archidamus III), Athens, and their allies in the Battle of Mantinea. In the battle, Epaminondas is victorious, but is killed. His dying command to make peace with the enemy is followed by all sides and a general peace is established in Greece. The period of Theban domination of Greece comes to an end.
- The states of Qin, Han and Zhao defeat the state of Wei and Qin captures the prince of Wei. The Battle of Shaoliang is then fought between Qin and Wei, which Wei loses, whereupon Qin captures the prime minister of Wei.