36th Special Aviation Regiment

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36 Specjalny Pułk Lotnictwa Transportowego
Logo SPLT.jpg
36 SPLT Logo
Active 1945–2011
Country  Poland
Allegiance Polish Air Force
Type Special Aviation Regiment
Role VIP Transport, Transport
Part of Regiment
Base: 1 Baza Lotnicza (1st Air Base) Warszawa district Okęcie
Squadron Leader Col. pilot (płk pil.) Mirosław Jemielniak
Aircraft flown
Utility helicopter Bell 412, PZL W-3 Sokół, Mil Mi-8
Transport Tu-154, Yak-40, PZL M28
VIP airliner Tupolev Tu-154M Lux at the airport in Zagreb

The 36 Specjalny Pułk Lotnictwa Transportowego 36 SPLT (English: 36th Special Regiment of Aviation Transport) was a special aviation regiment of the Siły Powietrzne Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej, established in 1945. All of its aircraft were for national public use, the most important being transport of Polish politicians and MON highest officials & forces commanders. It was headquartered at the 1st Air Base at Warsaw Frédéric Chopin Airport (formerly Okęcie). Between 1947 and 1974 it operated as Special Air Regiment, earlier as Government Transport Squadron. It was shut down in 2011 after the 2010 Polish Air Force Tu-154 crash accident report found serious deficiencies in its organization and training, and its aircraft retired.


  • On 28 February 1973 a government airliner Antonov An-24W serial number 97305702 (tail number 012), crashed in Szczecin, north-west Poland. All 18 people on board were killed (including ministers of the interior of Poland and Czechoslovakia).[1]
  • On 4 December 2003 Mi-8 helicopter carrying Poland's Prime Minister Leszek Miller crashed near Warsaw, all people on board survived.

On 4 August 2011, the regiment was disbanded by the Polish Minister of National Defence as a direct consequence of the 2010 crash. The regiment officially ceased to exist on 31 December 2011; however, the 1st Air Transport Base continues to transport government VIPs by helicopter. Since then all Polish government officials have been using civil aircraft owned by LOT Polish Airlines, mainly two Embraer 175 operated exclusively for government.

Equipment in 2011[edit]

Previously operated transport aircraft including Lisunov Li-2, Ilyushin Il-14, Antonov An-24 and Tupolev Tu-134.

Model Origin Picture In Service
Tupolev Tu-154M Lux  Soviet Union Polish Air Force Tupolev Tu-154 Dmitry Karpezo.jpg 1
Yakovlev Yak-40  Soviet Union Okęcie - samolot 01.JPG 4
PZL M28  Poland PL M-28 Bryza Okęcie.JPG 3
PZL W-3 Sokół  Poland PL PZL W3 Sokół Government version.JPG 5
Bell 412  United States PL Bell 412HP Polish government.JPG 1
Mi-8  Soviet Union Helicopter (Lublinek Airport).jpg 7