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371 BC

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Millennium: 1st millennium BC
371 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar371 BC
Ab urbe condita383
Ancient Egypt eraXXX dynasty, 10
- PharaohNectanebo I, 10
Ancient Greek era102nd Olympiad, year 2
Assyrian calendar4380
Balinese saka calendarN/A
Bengali calendar−963
Berber calendar580
Buddhist calendar174
Burmese calendar−1008
Byzantine calendar5138–5139
Chinese calendar己酉年 (Earth Rooster)
2327 or 2120
    — to —
庚戌年 (Metal Dog)
2328 or 2121
Coptic calendar−654 – −653
Discordian calendar796
Ethiopian calendar−378 – −377
Hebrew calendar3390–3391
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat−314 – −313
 - Shaka SamvatN/A
 - Kali Yuga2730–2731
Holocene calendar9630
Iranian calendar992 BP – 991 BP
Islamic calendar1022 BH – 1021 BH
Javanese calendarN/A
Julian calendarN/A
Korean calendar1963
Minguo calendar2282 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−1838
Thai solar calendar172–173
Tibetan calendar阴土鸡年
(female Earth-Rooster)
−244 or −625 or −1397
    — to —
(male Iron-Dog)
−243 or −624 or −1396
Battle of Leuctra

Year 371 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time, it was known as the Fifth year without Tribunate or Consulship (or, less frequently, year 383 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 371 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]


  • A fresh peace congress is summoned at Sparta. At the peace conference, the Spartan King Agesilaus II (with the support of Athens) refuses to allow the Thebans to sign the treaty on behalf of all Boeotia. The Theban statesman Epaminondas, who is boeotarch (one of the five magistrates of the Boeotian federation), maintains Thebes' position, even when it leads to the exclusion of Thebes from the peace treaty.
  • Thebes' actions at the peace congress lead to a war between Sparta and Thebes. The Spartans have an army stationed on Thebes' western frontier, waiting to follow up their diplomatic success by a crushing military attack. However, at the Battle of Leuctra, the Theban generals, Epaminondas and Pelopidas, win a decisive victory over the Spartans under the other Spartan king, Cleombrotus I (who is killed in the battle). Epaminondas wins the battle with a tactical innovation which involves striking the enemy first at their strongest, instead of their weakest, point, with such crushing force that the attack is irresistible. As a result of this battle, the Boeotian federation is saved.
  • Athens does not welcome the Theban victory, fearing the rising aggressiveness of Thebes. After the Theban victory, the old alliance between the Persians and the Thebans is restored.
  • With the unexpected defeat of Sparta by the Thebans, the Arcadians decide to re-assert their independence. They rebuild Mantinea, form an Arcadian League and build a new federal city, Megalopolis.
  • Agesipolis II succeeds his father Cleombrotus I as king of Sparta.

By topic[edit]