375 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
375 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 375 BC
Ab urbe condita 379
Ancient Egypt era XXX dynasty, 6
- Pharaoh Nectanebo I, 6
Ancient Greek era 101st Olympiad, year 2
Assyrian calendar 4376
Balinese saka calendar N/A
Bengali calendar −967
Berber calendar 576
Buddhist calendar 170
Burmese calendar −1012
Byzantine calendar 5134–5135
Chinese calendar 乙巳(Wood Snake)
2322 or 2262
    — to —
丙午年 (Fire Horse)
2323 or 2263
Coptic calendar −658 – −657
Discordian calendar 792
Ethiopian calendar −382 – −381
Hebrew calendar 3386–3387
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat −318 – −317
 - Shaka Samvat N/A
 - Kali Yuga 2726–2727
Holocene calendar 9626
Iranian calendar 996 BP – 995 BP
Islamic calendar 1027 BH – 1026 BH
Javanese calendar N/A
Julian calendar N/A
Korean calendar 1959
Minguo calendar 2286 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar −1842
Thai solar calendar 168–169
Tibetan calendar 阴木蛇年
(female Wood-Snake)
−248 or −629 or −1401
    — to —
(male Fire-Horse)
−247 or −628 or −1400

Year 375 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time, it was known as the First year without Tribunate or Consulship (or, less frequently, year 379 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 375 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]


  • The Theban general, Pelopidas, is made the leader of the Sacred Band, a selected infantry body of 300.
  • Learning that the Spartan garrison of Orchomenus (in Boeotia) is leaving for an expedition to Locris, Pelopidas sets out with the Sacred Band of Thebes and a small force of cavalry, intending to seize the city while it is unguarded. However, as the Thebans approach the city, they learn that a sizable force has been dispatched from Sparta to reinforce the garrison at Orchomenus and is approaching the city. Pelopidas retreats with his force, but before the Thebans can reach safety at Tegyra, they meet the original Spartan garrison returning from Locris. In the ensuing Battle of Tegyra, the Thebans rout the larger Spartan force.