37th New York State Legislature

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37th New York State Legislature
36th 38th
Old State Capitol at Albany NY.jpg
The Old State Capitol (1879)
Overview
Jurisdiction New York, United States
Term July 1, 1813 – June 30, 1814
Senate
Members 32
President Lt. Gov. John Tayler (Dem.-Rep.)
Party control Dem.-Rep. (26–5)
Assembly
Members 112
Speaker James Emott (Fed.)
Party control Federalist (58–48)
Sessions
1st January 25 – April 15, 1814

The 37th New York State Legislature, consisting of the New York State Senate and the New York State Assembly, met from January 25 to April 15, 1814, during the seventh year of Daniel D. Tompkins's governorship, in Albany.

Background[edit]

Under the provisions of the New York Constitution of 1777, amended by the Constitutional Convention of 1801, 32 Senators were elected on general tickets in the four senatorial districts for four-year terms. They were divided into four classes, and every year eight Senate seats came up for election. Assemblymen were elected countywide on general tickets to a one-year term, the whole Assembly being renewed annually.

In 1797, Albany was declared the State capital, and all subsequent Legislatures have been meeting there ever since. In 1799, the Legislature enacted that future Legislatures meet on the last Tuesday of January of each year unless called earlier by the governor.

In 1812, Putnam County was split from Dutchess County, and in 1813 was apportioned 1 seat in the Assembly, taken from Dutchess. In 1813, Warren County was split from Washington County, but both remained together in one Assembly district.

On February 4, 1813, a caucus of 48 Democratic-Republican legislators nominated unanimously Gov. Daniel D. Tompkins for re-election. State Senator John Tayler was nominated for Lieutenant Governor with 32 votes against 16 for the incumbent DeWitt Clinton.

On February 11, 1813, a Federalist caucus, presided over by Egbert Benson, nominated Stephen Van Rensselaer for Governor, and Assemblyman George Huntington for Lieutenant Governor.

At this time the politicians were divided into two opposing political parties: the Federalists and the Democratic-Republicans.[1]

Elections[edit]

The State election was held from April 27 to 29, 1813. Gov. Daniel D. Tompkins was re-elected; and State Senator John Tayler was elected Lieutenant Governor; both were Democratic-Republicans.

Jonathan Dayton (Southern D.), Lucas Elmendorf, Samuel G. Verbryck (both Middle D.), James Cochran, Samuel Stewart (both Eastern D.), Henry Bloom, Perley Keyes and Farrand Stranahan (all three Western D.) were elected to the Senate. Cochran and Stewart were Federalists, the other six were Democratic-Republicans.

Sessions[edit]

The Legislature met at the Old State Capitol in Albany on January 25, 1814; and adjourned on April 15.

James Emott (Fed.) was elected Speaker with 58 votes against 48 for William Ross (Dem.-Rep.). John F. Bacon (Dem.-Rep.) was elected Clerk of the Senate.

State Senate[edit]

Districts[edit]

Note: There are now 62 counties in the State of New York. The counties which are not mentioned in this list had not yet been established, or sufficiently organized, the area being included in one or more of the abovementioned counties.

Members[edit]

The asterisk (*) denotes members of the previous Legislature who continued in office as members of this Legislature.

District Senators Term left Party Notes
Southern Ebenezer White* 1 year Dem.-Rep.
Nathan Sanford* 2 years Dem.-Rep. also United States Attorney for the District of New York
Elbert H. Jones* 3 years Federalist elected to the Council of Appointment
Peter W. Radcliff* 3 years Federalist
Jonathan Dayton 4 years Dem.-Rep.
Middle Morgan Lewis* 1 year Dem.-Rep. elected to the Council of Appointment
James W. Wilkin* 1 year Dem.-Rep.
Erastus Root* 2 years Dem.-Rep.
William Taber* 2 years Dem.-Rep.
Martin Van Buren* 3 years Dem.-Rep.
Lucas Elmendorf 4 years Dem.-Rep.
Samuel G. Verbryck 4 years Dem.-Rep.
Eastern Henry Yates Jr.*[2] 1 year Dem.-Rep.
Elisha Arnold* 2 years Dem.-Rep.
Kitchel Bishop* 2 years Dem.-Rep.
Ruggles Hubbard* 2 years Dem.-Rep.
vacant 2 years John Tayler was elected Lieutenant Governor of New York
Gerrit Wendell* 3 years Federalist
James Cochran 4 years Federalist
Samuel Stewart 4 years Federalist elected to the Council of Appointment
Western Reuben Humphrey* 1 year Dem.-Rep.
Nathan Smith*[3] 1 year Dem.-Rep.
Philetus Swift* 1 year Dem.-Rep.
Henry A. Townsend* 1 year Dem.-Rep. elected to the Council of Appointment
Casper M. Rouse* 2 years Dem.-Rep.
Russell Attwater* 3 years Dem.-Rep.
Francis A. Bloodgood* 3 years Dem.-Rep.
Archibald S. Clarke* 3 years Dem.-Rep.
Henry Hager* 3 years Dem.-Rep.
Henry Bloom 4 years Dem.-Rep.
Perley Keyes 4 years Dem.-Rep.
Farrand Stranahan 4 years Dem.-Rep.

Employees[edit]

State Assembly[edit]

Districts[edit]

Note: There are now 62 counties in the State of New York. The counties which are not mentioned in this list had not yet been established, or sufficiently organized, the area being included in one or more of the abovementioned counties.

Assemblymen[edit]

The asterisk (*) denotes members of the previous Legislature who continued as members of this Legislature.

District Assemblymen Party Notes
Albany Harmanus Bleecker Federalist
Johann Jost Dietz Federalist
Moses Smith Federalist
John L. Winne
Allegany
and Steuben
Daniel Cruger Dem.-Rep.
Broome John H. Avery
Cattaraugus,
Chautauqua
and Niagara
Jonas Williams* Dem.-Rep.
Cayuga William C. Bennet* Dem.-Rep.
Silas Bowker
William Satterlee* Dem.-Rep.
Chenango James Houghteling
John Noyes Dem.-Rep.
Hascall Ransford
Clinton and
Franklin
Allen R. Moore* Federalist
Columbia Henry Rockefeller
John L. Van Alen Jr.
Jacob R. Van Rensselaer* Federalist also Secretary of State of New York
Elisha Williams* Federalist
Cortland William Mallery Dem.-Rep.
Delaware John T. More
Isaac Ogden Dem.-Rep.
Dutchess William Alexander Duer Federalist
James Emott Federalist elected Speaker
Samuel Mott Federalist
Joseph Potter Federalist
Jesse Thompson Federalist
Essex Levi Thompson Federalist
Genesee James Ganson* Dem.-Rep.
Greene William Fraser
Abraham Van Dyck
Herkimer Christopher P. Bellinger Dem.-Rep.
Jonas Cleland Dem.-Rep.
Aaron Hackley, Jr. Dem.-Rep.
Jefferson Clark Allen* Federalist
Ethel Bronson Federalist
Kings Jeremiah Lott Federalist
Lewis Chillus Doty
Madison Stephen F. Blackstone
Elisha Carrington
Abraham D. Van Horne
Montgomery Samuel A. Gilbert
James Knox
Gabriel Manny
Sylvanus Wilcox
Andrew Zabriskie
New York John B. Coles Federalist
Isaac S. Douglass* Federalist
Gabriel Furman Federalist
Richard Hatfield Jr.*
Samuel Jones Jr.* Federalist
Charles King Federalist
Elisha W. King
David B. Ogden Federalist
James Palmer
Abraham Russell* Federalist
James Smith* Federalist
Oneida Isaac Brayton Federalist
Laurens Hull
James Lynch Federalist
Henry McNeil Federalist
Theodore Sill Federalist
Onondaga Barnet Mooney Dem.-Rep.
Moses Nash Dem.-Rep.
Ontario Hugh McNair
Stephen Phelps
David Sutherland*
Joshua Vanfleet
Asahel Warner* Dem.-Rep.
Orange William Ross* Dem.-Rep.
Joshua Sayre
Benjamin Strong
Benjamin Webb
Otsego Erastus Crafts*
Abel DeForest*
Samuel Griffin*
James Hyde* Federalist
Putnam Joshua Barnum Jr.
Queens Stephen Carman* Federalist
John Fleet* Federalist
Daniel Kissam Federalist
Rensselaer William Bradley Federalist
Burton Hammond Federalist
Bethel Mather Federalist
Barent Van Vleck Federalist
Richmond James Guyon, Jr.* Dem.-Rep.
Rockland Peter S. Van Orden* Dem.-Rep.
St. Lawrence Louis Hasbrouck also Clerk of St. Lawrence Co.
Saratoga Nicholas W. Angle
John Dunning
Avery Starkweather
Samuel Young Dem.-Rep.
Schenectady Abraham Van Ingen Federalist
Lawrence Vrooman Federalist
Schoharie William C. Bouck Dem.-Rep.
William Dietz
Seneca James McCall*
Suffolk Jonathan S. Conklin Dem.-Rep.
Thomas S. Lester Dem.-Rep.
Nathaniel Potter Dem.-Rep.
Sullivan
and Ulster
Coenrad Bevier Dem.-Rep.
Daniel Clark Dem.-Rep.
John Kiersted
Green Miller
Tioga Caleb Baker Dem.-Rep.
Warren and
Washington
Paul Dennis
Samuel Gordon
John Richards Dem.-Rep. contested; seat vacated
John Savage Dem.-Rep. also District Attorney of the 4th District
Charles Starbuck
John White seated on February 17, 1814, in place of John Richards[4]
Westchester William Barker* Federalist
Abraham Miller* Dem.-Rep.
Richard Valentine Morris Federalist

Employees[edit]

  • Clerk: James Van Ingen
  • Sergeant-at-Arms: David Olmstead
  • Doorkeeper: Benjamin Whipple

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The Anti-Federalists called themselves "Republicans." However, at the same time, the Federalists called them "Democrats" which was meant to be pejorative. After some time both terms got more and more confused, and sometimes used together as "Democratic Republicans" which later historians have adopted (with a hyphen) to describe the party from the beginning, to avoid confusion with both the later established and still existing Democratic and Republican parties.
  2. ^ Henry Yates (1770–1854), brother of Gov. Joseph C. Yates, see bio in Schenectady History
  3. ^ Nathan Smith (c. 1769 – 1836), of Fairfield, First Judge of the Herkimer County Court 1814–21; see bio in A History of Herkimer County by Nathaniel S. Benton (pages 357ff)
  4. ^ see A Compilation of Cases of Contested Elections to Seats in the Assembly of the State of New York (1871; pg. 31–36)

Sources[edit]