38. Aniversario de Arena México
Último Dragón, representing Japan
|Promotion||Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre|
|Date||April 15, 1994|
|City||Mexico City, Mexico|
|CMLL International Gran Prix chronology|
|Aniversario de Arena México chronology|
The 38. Aniversario de Arena México was a professional wrestling supercard show, scripted and produced by Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre (CMLL), which featured the first ever CMLL International Gran Prix tournament. The event took place on April 15, 1994 and celebrated the 38th anniversary of the first show held in Arena México in April 1956, the arena that would become the main venue for CMLL and eventually be known as La Catedral de lucha libre ("The Cathedral of professional wrestling") and one of the most emblematic professional wrestling venues in the world. The International Gran Prix would become a regularly occurring tournament for CMLL in the years to follow.
Most of the matches on the show were dedicated to the first ever "International Gran Prix", a one night, 16-man single elimination tournament consisting of Mexican natives and a number of foreign wrestlers, some of which worked for CMLL on a regular basis (such as King Haku and Corazon de León) and others who were invited specially for the tournament (such as Yamato). The final match saw Rayo de Jalisco Jr. defeat King Haku to win the International Gran Prix.
In 1933 professional wrestling promoter Salvador Lutteroth held his first Lucha Libre show as Empresa Mexicana de Lucha Libre ("Mexican Wrestling Enterprise"; EMLL) at Arena Modelo. Lutteroth would later move EMLL to Arena Coliseo, but that venue turned out to be too small in the long run and Lutteroth funded the creation of Arena México on calle Doctor Lavista #203, Colonia Doctores. on the intersection of Dr.Rafael Lucio, Dr. Carmona and Valle. The building was completed in 1956 and is to this day the largest arena built specifically for professional wrestling. The arena opened in April, 1956 and ever since then EMLL has celebrated the Aniversario de Arena México in April of each year. In 1991 EMLL was renamed Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre ("World Wrestling Enterprise"; CMLL), only three years after it became the oldest, still-active professional wrestling promotion in the world. The 2016 version of the Anniversary show will be the 60th show, making it the third longest annual professional wrestling show, after the CMLL Anniversary Shows that began in 1934 and the Arena Coliseo anniversary show that began in 1944.
Over the years the Aniversario de Arena México show has hosted significant headline matches including several Lucha de Apuestas, or bet matches, where the loser of the match was forced to unmask or have their hair shaved off. The first documented example of a Lucha de Apuesta match headlining a show was at the 12. Aniversario where Huracán Ramírez defeated El Enfermero, forcing him to unmask.[a]
The CMLL Gran Prix show featured seventeen professional wrestling matches scripted by CMLL with some wrestlers involved in scripted feuds. The wrestlers portray either heels (referred to as rudos in Mexico, those that play the part of the "bad guys") or faces (técnicos in Mexico, the "good guy" characters) as they perform.
In early 1994, the Mexican professional wrestling promotion Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre (CMLL) announced their first ever International Gran Prix tournament. The tournament followed the standard "single elimination" format and featured sixteen wrestlers in total, eight representing Mexico and eight "international" wrestlers. Some of these international wrestlers were already working for CMLL at the time, such as King Haku and Corazon de León while others came to Mexico specifically for the tournament such as Japanese wrestler Yamato.
|Atlantis||Mexico||Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre|
|Black Magic||United Kingdom||Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre|
|Brazo de Plata||Mexico||Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre|
|Corazon de León||Canada||Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre|
|Gran Markus Jr.||Mexico||Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre|
|King Haku||Tonga||Wrestling Association-R|
|The Killer||"United States"[b]||Universal Wrestling Association|
|Miguel Pérez Jr.||Puerto Rico||International Wrestling Association|
|Pierroth Jr.||"Puerto Rico"[c]||Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre|
|Popetikus||Mexico||Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre|
|Rayo de Jalisco Jr.||Mexico||Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre|
|Silver King||Mexico||Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre|
|Último Dragón||Japan||Wrestling Association-R|
|Vampiro Canadiense||Canada||Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre|
|Dr. Wagner Jr.||Mexico||Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre|
|Yamato||South Korea||Wrestling Association-R|
|First round||Second round||Semifinals||Final|
|Miguel Pérez Jr.|
|5||Miguel Pérez Jr.||W|
|Miguel Pérez Jr.||W|
|13||Corazon de León|
|Rayo de Jalisco Jr.||W|
|6||Brazo de Plata||W|
|Brazo de Plata||W|
|Dr. Wagner Jr.|
|3||Dr. Wagner Jr.||W|
|14||Gran Markus Jr.|
|Brazo de Plata|
|Rayo de Jalisco Jr.||W|
|Rayo de Jalisco Jr.||W|
|15||Rayo de Jalisco Jr.||W|
In 1995 CMLL brought the tournament back, creating an annual tournament held every year from 1995 through 1998 and then again in 2002, 2003 and finally from 2005 through 2008. The first five tournaments from 1994 through 1998 were all standard 16-man tournaments, but when CMLL brought the International Gran Prix tournament back in 2002 it was modified into a Torneo Cibernetico elimination match where an eight-man "Team Mexico" would face off against an eight-man "Team International" until only one team or wrestler survived.
Rayo de Jalisco Jr. won both the inaugural tournament as well as the 1998 International Gran Prix tournament, making him one of only two wrestlers to win the tournament twice. The other repeat winner was Último Guerrero, who won both the 2006 and 2007 International Gran Prixs. Headhunter A (1995) and Steel (1997) were the only "Team International" wrestlers to win a tournament prior to the 2008 International Gran Prix tournament. From 2009 through 2015 CMLL did not hold an International Gran Prix but they announced the return of the tournament in May 2016.
|1||America and Panico defeated Metalico and El Solar II||Best two-out-of-three falls tag team match|
|2||King Haku defeated Ultimo Dragon||1994 International Gran Prix First Round match|
|3||Yamato defeated Vampiro Canadiense||1994 International Gran Prix first round match|
|4||Miguel Pérez Jr. defeated Silver King||1994 International Gran Prix first round match|
|5||Atlantis defeated Corazon de Leon||1994 International Gran Prix first round match|
|6||Brazo de Plata defeated The Killer||1994 International Gran Prix first round match|
|7||Dr. Wagner Jr. defeated Gran Markus Jr.||1994 International Gran Prix first round match|
|8||Pierroth Jr. defeated Black Magic||1994 International Gran Prix first round match|
|9||Rayo de Jalisco Jr. defeated Popitekus||1994 International Gran Prix first round match|
|10||Miguel Pérez Jr. defeated Atlantis||1994 International Gran Prix quarter final match|
|11||King Haku defeated Yamato||1994 International Gran Prix quarter final match|
|12||Rayo de Jalisco Jr. defeated Pierroth Jr.||1994 International Gran Prix quarter final match|
|13||Brazo de Plata defeated Dr. Wagner Jr.||1994 International Gran Prix quarter final match|
|14||King Haku defeated Miguel Pérez Jr.||1994 International Gran Prix semi-final match|
|15||Rayo de Jalisco Jr. defeated Brazo de Plata||1994 International Gran Prix semi-final match|
|16||Rayo de Jalisco Jr. defeated King Haku||1994 International Gran Prix final match|
|17||Emilio Charles Jr. defeated La Fiera||Best two-out-of-three falls Lucha de Apuestas hair vs. hair match|
- Records of early anniversary shows are sparse leaving the posibiity that previous anniversary shows also had Lucha de Apuestas matches featured.
- The person wrestling as "The Killer" is Mexican, but the character is depicted as being from the United States
- The person wrestling as "Pierroth Jr." is Mexican, but the Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre
- "Los Lutteroth / the Lutteroth". Lucha Libre: Masked Superstars of Mexican Wrestling. Distributed Art Publishers, Inc. 2005. pp. 20–27. ISBN 968-6842-48-9.
- "EMLL Debut show". Pro Wrestling History. September 21, 1933. Retrieved January 25, 2010.
- Madigan, Dan (2007). "A family affair". Mondo Lucha Libre: the bizarre & honorable world of wild Mexican wrestling. HarperCollins Publisher. pp. 128–132. ISBN 978-0-06-085583-3.
- Lucha 2000 Staff (April 2006). "Arena México: 50 anos de Lucha Libre". Lucha 2000 (in Spanish). Especial 28.
- Madigan, Dan (2007). "Huracán Ramírez". Mondo Lucha Libre: the bizarre & honorable world of wild Mexican wrestling. HarperCollins Publisher. pp. 118–119. ISBN 978-0-06-085583-3.
- Madigan, Dan (2007). ""Okay... what is Lucha Libre?"". Mondo Lucha a Go Go: the bizarre & honorable world of wild Mexican wrestling. New York, New York: HarperColins Publisher. p. 31. ISBN 978-0-06-085583-3.
featuring clearly distinguished good guys and bad guys, or técnicos and rudos
- "CMLL Gran Prix Tournament". ProWrestlingHistory.com. Retrieved June 1, 2015.
- "Regresa El Gran Prix International" (in Spanish). Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre. May 24, 2016. Archived from the original on May 25, 2016. Retrieved May 24, 2016.
- "Lucha Libre: Conoce la historia de las leyendas de cuadrilátero". Huracán Ramírez (1926) (in Spanish). Mexico. 2008. p. 21. Grandes Figuras de la Lucha Libre.
- "Gran Prix Tournament 1994". ProWrestlingHistory.com. April 15, 1994. Retrieved August 30, 2009.
- "Lucha Legend Emilio Charles Jr. Passes Away". PWInsider.com. Retrieved December 29, 2012.