38th parallel south

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Line across the Earth
38th parallel south

The 38th parallel south is a circle of latitude that is 38 degrees south of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses the Atlantic Ocean, the Indian Ocean, Australia, New Zealand, the Pacific Ocean, and South America, including the Andes Mountains and Patagonia.

At this latitude the sun is visible for 14 hours, 48 minutes during the December solstice and 9 hours, 32 minutes during the June solstice.

Around the world[edit]

Starting at the Prime Meridian and heading eastwards, the parallel 38° south passes through:

Co-ordinates Country, territory or sea Notes
38°0′S 0°0′E / 38.000°S 0.000°E / -38.000; 0.000 (Prime Meridian) Atlantic Ocean
38°0′S 20°0′E / 38.000°S 20.000°E / -38.000; 20.000 (Indian Ocean) Indian Ocean Passing just south of Île Amsterdam,  French Southern and Antarctic Lands
38°0′S 140°32′E / 38.000°S 140.533°E / -38.000; 140.533 (Australia)  Australia South Australia
Victoria - passing through Port Phillip Bay, just south of Melbourne
38°0′S 147°42′E / 38.000°S 147.700°E / -38.000; 147.700 (Pacific Ocean) Pacific Ocean Tasman Sea
38°0′S 174°47′E / 38.000°S 174.783°E / -38.000; 174.783 (New Zealand)  New Zealand North Island
38°0′S 178°21′E / 38.000°S 178.350°E / -38.000; 178.350 (Pacific Ocean) Pacific Ocean
38°0′S 73°28′W / 38.000°S 73.467°W / -38.000; -73.467 (Chile)  Chile Bío Bío Region
Araucanía Region
Bío Bío Region
38°0′S 71°5′W / 38.000°S 71.083°W / -38.000; -71.083 (Argentina)  Argentina Neuquén Province
Río Negro Province
La Pampa Province
Buenos Aires Province – passing through Mar del Plata (at 38°0′S 57°35′E / 38.000°S 57.583°E / -38.000; 57.583 (Mar del Plata))
38°0′S 57°33′W / 38.000°S 57.550°W / -38.000; -57.550 (Atlantic Ocean) Atlantic Ocean

See also[edit]