394 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
394 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar394 BC
Ab urbe condita360
Ancient Egypt eraXXIX dynasty, 5
- PharaohNepherites I, 5
Ancient Greek era96th Olympiad, year 3
Assyrian calendar4357
Balinese saka calendarN/A
Bengali calendar−986
Berber calendar557
Buddhist calendar151
Burmese calendar−1031
Byzantine calendar5115–5116
Chinese calendar丙戌年 (Fire Dog)
2303 or 2243
    — to —
丁亥年 (Fire Pig)
2304 or 2244
Coptic calendar−677 – −676
Discordian calendar773
Ethiopian calendar−401 – −400
Hebrew calendar3367–3368
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat−337 – −336
 - Shaka SamvatN/A
 - Kali Yuga2707–2708
Holocene calendar9607
Iranian calendar1015 BP – 1014 BP
Islamic calendar1046 BH – 1045 BH
Javanese calendarN/A
Julian calendarN/A
Korean calendar1940
Minguo calendar2305 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−1861
Thai solar calendar149–150
Tibetan calendar阳火狗年
(male Fire-Dog)
−267 or −648 or −1420
    — to —
(female Fire-Pig)
−266 or −647 or −1419

Year 394 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Tribunate of Camillus, Poplicola, Medullinus, Albinus, Mamercinus and Scipio (or, less frequently, year 360 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 394 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]


  • The allies, Athens, Thebes, Corinth and Argos, gather a large army at Corinth. A sizable army is sent out from Sparta to challenge this force. The two sides meet on the dry bed of the Nemea River, in Corinthian territory. In the resultant Battle of Nemea, the Spartans win a major victory over the allies.
  • The Athenian general Conon, the Persian satrap Pharnabazus and Evagoras, King of Salamis, win an overwhelming naval victory over the Spartans under Peisander in the Battle of Cnidus (near Rhodes). Following this victory, Conon and Pharnabazus sail along the coast of Ionia, expelling Spartan governors and garrisons from the cities, although they fail to reduce the Spartan bases at Abydos and Sestos. With the Spartan bid for building an empire crumbling, Persia gains mastery of the Aegean.
  • The two sides' armies meet each other again at Coronea, in Theban territory in the Battle of Coronea. Once more, the Spartans under King Agesilaus II are successful in battle. After this victory, Agesilaus sails with his army across the Gulf of Corinth and returns to Sparta.
  • The temple of Athena Alea in Tegea is burned down, but is however soon rebuilt to the designs of Scopas of Paros.