396 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
396 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar396 BC
Ab urbe condita358
Ancient Egypt eraXXIX dynasty, 3
- PharaohNepherites I, 3
Ancient Greek era96th Olympiad (victor
Assyrian calendar4355
Balinese saka calendarN/A
Bengali calendar−988
Berber calendar555
Buddhist calendar149
Burmese calendar−1033
Byzantine calendar5113–5114
Chinese calendar甲申年 (Wood Monkey)
2301 or 2241
    — to —
乙酉年 (Wood Rooster)
2302 or 2242
Coptic calendar−679 – −678
Discordian calendar771
Ethiopian calendar−403 – −402
Hebrew calendar3365–3366
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat−339 – −338
 - Shaka SamvatN/A
 - Kali Yuga2705–2706
Holocene calendar9605
Iranian calendar1017 BP – 1016 BP
Islamic calendar1048 BH – 1047 BH
Javanese calendarN/A
Julian calendarN/A
Korean calendar1938
Minguo calendar2307 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−1863
Thai solar calendar147–148
Tibetan calendar阳木猴年
(male Wood-Monkey)
−269 or −650 or −1422
    — to —
(female Wood-Rooster)
−268 or −649 or −1421

Year 396 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Tribunate of Saccus, Capitolinus, Esquilinus, Augurinus, Capitolinus and Priscus (or, less frequently, year 358 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 396 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]

Persian Empire[edit]


  • The Carthaginians are forced to abandon their siege of Syracuse (begun in 398 BC), but destroy Messina. Dionysius' first war with Carthage ends with a notable victory for Dionysius, who confines his enemy's power to an area of northwest Sicily. On his return home, the Carthaginian general, Himilco, commits suicide.


  • Agesilaus II, the King of Sparta, campaigns successfully in Asia Minor against the Persian satraps Pharnabazus and Tissaphernes and inflicts a major defeat on Tissaphernes at Sardis. Agesilaus agrees to a three months' truce with the Persians under Tissaphernes, the satrap of Lydia and Caria. Negotiations conducted during that time prove fruitless, and on its termination, Agesilaus raids Phrygia, where he easily captures an immense amount of booty, since Tissaphernes has concentrated his troops in Caria.

Roman Republic[edit]

  • Marcus Furius Camillus is made dictator by the Romans. Camillus finally destroys the Etruscan city of Veii in southern Etruria as the town falls to Roman forces after what is said to be a 10 year siege. The capture of Veii and its surrounding territories marks the first major expansion of Rome which doubles its territory after this victory.
  • The Romans introduce pay for their army.

By topic[edit]



  • Kyniska becomes the first woman to win an event at the Olympic Games when the horse-drawn chariot she sponsors crosses the finish line first, even though the prohibition on women competing forces her to hire a man to drive it.