3996 Fugaku

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3996 Fugaku
Discovery [1]
Discovered by M. Arai
H. Mori
Discovery site Yorii Obs.
Discovery date 5 December 1988
Designations
MPC designation (3996) Fugaku
Named after
Mount Fuji (Japan)[2]
1988 XG1 · 1939 FZ
1957 TB · 1981 SO5
1981 UM16
main-belt · Flora[3]
Orbital characteristics[1]
Epoch 16 February 2017 (JD 2457800.5)
Uncertainty parameter 0
Observation arc 77.64 yr (28,358 days)
Aphelion 2.4940 AU
Perihelion 2.0249 AU
2.2594 AU
Eccentricity 0.1038
3.40 yr (1,240 days)
280.34°
0° 17m 24.72s / day
Inclination 2.2841°
90.763°
156.32°
Physical characteristics
Dimensions 5.151±0.074 km[4]
5.231±0.032 km[5]
5.40 km (calculated)[3]
5.88±1.10 km[6]
7.1912±0.0016 h[7]
0.24 (assumed)[3]
0.34±0.17[6]
0.4086±0.0152[5]
0.420±0.066[4]
S[3]
13.0[1][5][6] · 13.055±0.003 (R)[7] · 13.5[3] · 13.57±0.25[8]

3996 Fugaku, provisional designation 1988 XG1, is a stony Florian asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 5.5 kilometers in diameter. It was discovered on 5 December 1988, by Japanese amateur astronomers Masaru Arai and Hiroshi Mori at Yorii Observatory in central Japan.[9]

The S-type asteroid is a member of the Flora family, one of the largest groups of stony asteroids in the main-belt. It orbits the Sun at a distance of 2.0–2.5 AU once every 3 years and 5 months (1,240 days). Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.10 and an inclination of 2° with respect to the ecliptic.[1] Fugaku was first identified as 1939 FZ at Turku Observatory in 1939, extending the asteroid's observation arc by 49 years prior to its official discovery observation.[9]

In March 210, a rotational light-curve of Fugaku was obtained from photometric observations at the Palomar Transient Factory in California. It gave a rotation period of 7.1912 hours with a change in brightness of 0.86 magnitude (U=2).[7]

According to the survey carried out by NASA's Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer with its subsequent NEOWISE mission, Fugaku measures between 5.15 and 5.88 kilometers in diameter, and its surface has an albedo between 0.34 and 0.42.[4][5][6] The Collaborative Asteroid Lightcurve Link assumes an albedo of 0.24 – derived from 8 Flora, the largest member and namesake of this family – and calculates a diameter of 5.40 kilometers, based on an absolute magnitude of 13.5.[3]

Fugaku is an ancient name of Mount Fuji, Japan's highest mountain and a well-known symbol. Another minor planet, 1584 Fuji, is also named for this mountain.[2] Naming citation was published on 4 May 1999 (M.P.C. 34619).[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 3996 Fugaku (1988 XG1)" (2016-11-05 last obs.). Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 3 January 2017. 
  2. ^ a b Schmadel, Lutz D. (2007). Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – (3996) Fugaku. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 340. ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3. Retrieved 3 January 2017. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f "LCDB Data for (3996) Fugaku". Asteroid Lightcurve Database (LCDB). Retrieved 3 January 2017. 
  4. ^ a b c Masiero, Joseph R.; Mainzer, A. K.; Grav, T.; Bauer, J. M.; Cutri, R. M.; Dailey, J.; et al. (November 2011). "Main Belt Asteroids with WISE/NEOWISE. I. Preliminary Albedos and Diameters". The Astrophysical Journal. 741 (2): 20. arXiv:1109.4096Freely accessible. Bibcode:2011ApJ...741...68M. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/741/2/68. Retrieved 3 January 2017. 
  5. ^ a b c d Mainzer, A.; Grav, T.; Masiero, J.; Hand, E.; Bauer, J.; Tholen, D.; et al. (November 2011). "NEOWISE Studies of Spectrophotometrically Classified Asteroids: Preliminary Results" (PDF). The Astrophysical Journal. 741 (2): 25. arXiv:1109.6407Freely accessible. Bibcode:2011ApJ...741...90M. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/741/2/90. Retrieved 3 January 2017. 
  6. ^ a b c d Nugent, C. R.; Mainzer, A.; Masiero, J.; Bauer, J.; Cutri, R. M.; Grav, T.; et al. (December 2015). "NEOWISE Reactivation Mission Year One: Preliminary Asteroid Diameters and Albedos". The Astrophysical Journal. 814 (2): 13. Bibcode:2015ApJ...814..117N. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/814/2/117. Retrieved 3 January 2017. 
  7. ^ a b c Waszczak, Adam; Chang, Chan-Kao; Ofek, Eran O.; Laher, Russ; Masci, Frank; Levitan, David; et al. (September 2015). "Asteroid Light Curves from the Palomar Transient Factory Survey: Rotation Periods and Phase Functions from Sparse Photometry". The Astronomical Journal. 150 (3): 35. arXiv:1504.04041Freely accessible. Bibcode:2015AJ....150...75W. doi:10.1088/0004-6256/150/3/75. Retrieved 3 January 2017. 
  8. ^ Veres, Peter; Jedicke, Robert; Fitzsimmons, Alan; Denneau, Larry; Granvik, Mikael; Bolin, Bryce; et al. (November 2015). "Absolute magnitudes and slope parameters for 250,000 asteroids observed by Pan-STARRS PS1 – Preliminary results". Icarus. 261: 34–47. arXiv:1506.00762Freely accessible. Bibcode:2015Icar..261...34V. doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2015.08.007. Retrieved 3 January 2017. 
  9. ^ a b "3996 Fugaku (1988 XG1)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 3 January 2017. 
  10. ^ "MPC/MPO/MPS Archive". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 3 January 2017. 

External links[edit]