399 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
399 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 399 BC
Ab urbe condita 355
Ancient Egypt era XXVIII dynasty, 6
- Pharaoh Amyrtaeus, 6
Ancient Greek era 95th Olympiad, year 2
Assyrian calendar 4352
Balinese saka calendar N/A
Bengali calendar −991
Berber calendar 552
Buddhist calendar 146
Burmese calendar −1036
Byzantine calendar 5110–5111
Chinese calendar 辛巳(Metal Snake)
2298 or 2238
    — to —
壬午年 (Water Horse)
2299 or 2239
Coptic calendar −682 – −681
Discordian calendar 768
Ethiopian calendar −406 – −405
Hebrew calendar 3362–3363
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat −342 – −341
 - Shaka Samvat N/A
 - Kali Yuga 2702–2703
Holocene calendar 9602
Iranian calendar 1020 BP – 1019 BP
Islamic calendar 1051 BH – 1050 BH
Javanese calendar N/A
Julian calendar N/A
Korean calendar 1935
Minguo calendar 2310 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar −1866
Thai solar calendar 144–145
Tibetan calendar 阴金蛇年
(female Iron-Snake)
−272 or −653 or −1425
    — to —
(male Water-Horse)
−271 or −652 or −1424

Year 399 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Tribunate of Augurinus, Longus, Priscus, Cicurinus, Rufus and Philo (or, less frequently, year 355 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 399 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]


  • February 15 – The Greek philosopher Socrates is sentenced to death by Athenian authorities, condemned for impiety and the corruption of youth. He refuses to flee into exile and dies by drinking hemlock.
  • Sparta forces Elis to surrender in the spring.
  • The Spartan admiral, Lysander, tries to effect a political revolution in Sparta by suggesting that the king should not automatically be given the leadership of the army. He also suggests that the position of king should be elective. However, he is unsuccessful in achieving these reforms, and earns the disfavour of King Agesilaus II of Sparta.
  • King Archelaus I of Macedon is killed during a hunt, by one of the royal pages, his lover Craterus.