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The single-material 3DBenchy model
A two colour 3DBenchy, Side view.png
The multi-material 3DBenchy model
Classification3D model
Used with3D printers
InventorCreative Tools

The 3DBenchy is a 3D computer model specifically designed for testing the accuracy and capabilities of 3D printers. The 3DBenchy is described by its creator, Creative Tools, as "the jolly 3D printing torture-test" and was released in April 2015, with a multi-part, multi-color model released in July 2015.[1][2][3] Due to its status as a common benchmark, it is believed to be the world's most 3D printed object.[4] The model itself is a freelanced tugboat design, and actually floats in water given the right conditions in printing.


The 3DBenchy is often used to test and benchmark 3D printers when they are reviewed, as the model includes a number of difficult-to-print features including: symmetry, overhanging curved surfaces, smooth surfaces, planar horizontal faces, large, small and slanted holes, low-slope-surfaces, first layer details and tiny surface details.[5]

The 3DBenchy is designed to be measured from specific points to ensure accurate printing including dimensional accuracy, warping, deviations and tolerances and it has a relatively short printing time of around 1 hour.[2][3] The multi-material 3DBenchy is created for 3D printers capable of printing in multiple materials or colours, the model consists of 17 individual files which can each have different settings applied to them.[1]

The 3DBenchy is free to download and is available under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, meaning it can be shared and altered by anyone.[6]

In 2020 physicists at Leiden University in the Netherlands created a 3DBenchy around 40μm long using the group's Nanoscribe Photonic Professional printer.[7][8]


3D model[edit]

View and download the 3DBenchy STL file
3DBenchy as a downloadable STL file

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "New dual- & multi-part color version of #3DBenchy test print released". Retrieved 2016-07-29.
  2. ^ a b "Test and calibrate your 3D printer's capacities with the #3DBenchy test project". Retrieved 2016-07-29.
  3. ^ a b "Creative Tools Release #3DBenchy - The Coolest 3D Printer Calibration & Benchmarking Tool Yet". 3DPrint.com. 2015-04-10. Retrieved 2016-07-29.
  4. ^ Sarah Anderson Goehrke. "#3DBenchy: A Little 3D Printed Boat Making Big Waves as the Most-Printed Object". Retrieved 2020-11-21.
  5. ^ "#3DBenchy - The tool to calibrate and test your 3D printer". Retrieved 2016-07-29.
  6. ^ Thingiverse.com. "#3DBenchy - The jolly 3D printing torture-test by CreativeTools". www.thingiverse.com. Retrieved 2016-07-29.
  7. ^ "3D printed microboat". Leiden University. 21 October 2020. Retrieved 2020-10-26.
  8. ^ Amy Woodyatt. "Scientists used a 3D printer to create the world's smallest boat". CNN.

External links[edit]