3 Park Avenue
|3 Park Avenue|
From the northeast
|Type||Commercial and educational|
|Location||3 Park Avenue, New York, NY 10016
|Owner||Cohen Brothers Realty Corporation|
|Design and construction|
|Architect||Shreve, Lamb and Harmon|
|Structural engineer||Rosenwasser/Grossman Consulting Engineers, P.C.|
3 Park Avenue is a mixed-use office building and high school located on Park Avenue in Manhattan, New York City that was built in 1975. The building, surrounded on three sides by a plaza, is categorized as a Midtown South address in the Kips Bay, Manhattan, Murray Hill, and Rose Hill neighborhoods. It is located between East 33rd and 34th Streets, close to the 33rd Street subway station (4 6 <6> trains), an entrance to which is built into the building.
History and description
Prior to the construction of 3 Park Avenue, the armory of the 71st Regiment, New York National Guard was originally located at the address. The first armory of the 71st Regiment burnt down in 1902 and a replacement was completed in 1905 on a slightly larger section of land. The architectural firm of Clinton and Russell designed the second armory and in 1935 it was described as "Manhattan’s ugly old brownstone" by Time magazine, which was a reflection of a wider perception of the structure. The armory was eventually demolished during the 1960s and a decade passed before the site was redeveloped.
The building was designed by the Shreve, Lamb and Harmon architectural firm, designers of the Empire State Building. Rosenwasser/Grossman Consulting Engineers, P.C. is listed as the structural engineering firm for the building in 2014. In the year 2000, the owner of the building was Three Park Avenue Building Company LP, but the property formed part of the Cohen Brothers Realty Corporation's portfolio in June 2014.
The 41-story building consists of a combination of commercial tenants and the Norman Thomas High School. The Emporis website documents 10 elevators within the building, a virtual address of "101–111 East 33rd Street" and an architectural height of 169.47 metres (556.0 ft).
The building is notable for the bright orange bricks used for its construction and the same bricks are used for the small plaza at the building's main entrance. A sculpture titled "Obelisk to Peace", created by Irving Marantz in 1972, is situated at the main entrance and is a height of 23 feet (7.0 m), made from bronze and is set on a polished granite base. (The sculpture was Marantz's last outdoor work before his death.)
The entrance to the school is on the East 33rd Street side of the building, where arcade and plaza space (which surrounds the three sides of the building facing the street) exists; although a bench is situated at the entrance, New York State Penal Law prohibits trespassing. In 2000, the space on the 34th Street side was almost identical to the 33rd Street arcade and plaza, but lacked a bench and sign.
As of November 14, 2014[update], the list of tenants in the building includes:
In popular culture
- Andrew Cusack (27 January 2007). "A Sienese Gem Lost". Andrew Cusack. Andrew Cusack. Retrieved 19 June 2014.
- Olivia Klose. "500 FIFTH AVENUE BUILDING, 500 Fifth Avenue (aka 500–506 Fifth Avenue, 1–9 West 42nd Street), Manhattan Built 1929–31; Architects Shreve, Lamb & Harmon" (PDF). The Official Website of the City of New York NYC. Landmarks Preservation Commission. Retrieved 19 June 2014.
- "3 Park Avenue". Emporis. Emporis GMBH. 2000–2014. Retrieved 19 June 2014.
- Jerold S. Kayden (6 November 2000). Privately Owned Public Space: The New York City Experience. John Wiley & Sons. pp. 124–. ISBN 978-0-471-36257-9.
- "Portfolio – Three Park Avenue". Cohen Brothers Realty Corporation. Cohen Brothers Realty Corporation. 19 June 2014. Retrieved 19 June 2014.
- Kayden, Jerold S. New York (N.Y.). Dept. of City Planning, Municipal Art Society of New YorkPrivately Owned Public Space: The New York City Experience New York: John Wiley and Sons, 2000; p. 124
- "ComSoc Staff". IEEE Communications Society. IEEE Communications Society. 19 June 2014. Retrieved 19 June 2014.
- "Contact Us". adMarketplace. adMarketplace. 18 June 2014. Retrieved 18 June 2014.
- "Careers". Major League Gaming. Major League Gaming, Inc. 18 June 2014. Retrieved 18 June 2014.
- Kim Bhasin (2 March 2012). "See What Happens When Major League Gaming Flies In The World's Best Starcraft Players To Battle It Out In NYC". Business Insider. Business Insider Inc. Retrieved 18 June 2014.
- "Contact Us". JCDecaux North America. JCDecaux North America. 19 June 2014. Retrieved 19 June 2014.
- "New York". TransPerfect. TransPerfect Translations International, Inc. 19 June 2014. Retrieved 19 June 2014.
- Matthew Gilbert (31 March 2005). "'Left of the Dial' documentary takes the wrong direction". The Boston Globe (The New York Times Company). Retrieved 19 June 2014.