3 to Go
|3 to Go|
Brian Hannant ("Judy")|
Peter Weir ("Michael")
Oliver Howes ("Toula")
|Produced by||Gil Brealey|
Bob Ellis ("Judy")
Peter Weir ("Michael")
Oliver Howes ("Toula")
Grahame Bond ("Judy")|
The Cleves ("Michael")
Rory O'Donoghue ("Toula")
|Edited by||Wayne Le Clos|
|Distributed by||British Empire Films|
3 to Go is a portmanteau Australian film consisting of three stories (Judy, Michael, and Toula), each presenting a young Australian at a moment of decision about their future. The film was first shown on commercial television in March 1971 and episodes screened individually in cinemas as supporting shorts. One of the stories, Michael, written and directed by Peter Weir (a leading figure in the Australian New Wave cinema movement (1970–1990)), went on to receive an Australian Academy of Cinema and Television Arts award.
Young people and their personal concerns are the main theme of the segments:
Judy, a 19-year-old country girl wants to go to the big city, leaving her country town behind, despite the opposition of her parents and her boyfriend. Judy finds life in Tamworth mundane - her mother's concerns about her welfare, Mike - her unambitious country boyfriend, and the daily routine. Her plan is to make her own life in Sydney, and she seeks advice from her work-friend Margie, and wishes her boyfriend was more like David (Margie's fiancé). At the Hoyts drive-in, showing a double-feature (Flaming Star and Garden of Evil), she informs Mike of her plans. He becomes disenchanted, failing to understand her motivations, and a few weeks later, after Judy searches for work in The Sydney Morning Herald, and with the help of her boss, the segment ends as she boards a train for Sydney and we see her new home (room 305).
A young man, Michael, faces a choice between his wealthy middle class parents and their middle class wealthy lifestyle and a group of radicals. The episode starts with close-quarter battle scenes near Sydney Harbour, where radical Youth Quake rebels are fighting against soldiers. We then learn that this is only a film-sequence, and that everyday life is still normal, and meet Michael who is living with his parents, but working in the city. The scenes are intercut with an expert Youth Quake panel discussion (led by Neville Trantor), discussing topics such as sex and drugs. Trouble with Judy his girlfriend leads to a counterculture montage, and Michael becomes increasingly bored with his work routine and colleagues. At a pub, he befriends an actor from the film, Grahame, and Georgina his girlfriend, and begins to experience their freewheeling lifestyle. Family life becomes increasingly mundane as he begins to seek something more. He invites them to gatecrash Judy's 21st party, leading to trouble with his parents and a stronger sense of personal conflict.
In it, a young Greek woman falls for an Australian man despite the opposition of her conservative Greek parents and family. Toula lives in a row house in Sydney (within the Greek community) with her parents, grandmother, and younger brother Stavros, all of whom arrived in Australia 4.5 years ago. Toula and her best friend Assimina work at a clothes factory, and their families often meet and socialise together. Assimina has an Australian boyfriend, a university student named Rick, but she is unable to tell anyone except Toula about him - rumours however reach her brother Nick, which leads to a physical altercation in the house. Tension exists at Toula's house too, with Stavros, who is unemployed and listless, and his father's desire for him to go to university. As a community dance, she meets John - then the four go on a double-date to see Easy Rider in the theatre. Easter arrives, and the community celebrates a midnight mass with candles in the Greek Orthodox Cathedral of St. Sophia in Paddington, and the family head off home together.
- Judy Morris as Judy
- Serge Lazareff as Mike
- Mary Ann Severne as Margaret
- Gary Day as David
- Penny Ramsey as Heather
- Wendy Playfair as mother
- Brian Anderson as father
- Cliff Neale as Mr Vickery
- Matthew Burton as Michael
- Grahame Bond as Grahame
- Peter Coville as Neville Trantor
- Georgina West as Georgina
- Betty Lucas as mother
- Judy McBurney as Judy
- Rita Ioannou as Toula
- Erica Crowne as Assimina
- Andrew Pappas as Stavros
- Joe Hasham as John
- Gabriel Battikha as Nick
- Ther Coulouris as father
- Ketty Coulouris as mother
- Yaya Laudeas as grandmother
Assistance was provided by the then Commonwealth Film Unit (now Screen Australia). Filmed in black and white, Michael was shot in late 1969 on 16mm but blown up to 35mm, while the others were filmed in early 1970 on 35mm. The director of photography was Kerry Brown, and the producer Gil Brealey, It was distributed by British Empire Films.
The music for Michael was written and played by the Cleves, a New Zealand band popular in Sydney at the time, and released in January 1970 as an EP called Music from Michael. Released by Festival Records, the tracks were:
- A1 - To-Day / Don't Turn Your Back / To-Day / Thirties / To-Day
- A2 - Merivale / Whispers
- B1 - Nowhere / Down On The Farm / Don't Turn Your Back
The music for Toula included "Mozart Chamber Music" edited by James McCarthy.
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (January 2018)
The three segments in the trilogy had "relatively little thematic or stylistic connection", apart from what might be called an ulterior, "issue-based" motive to draw lessons about life in Australia, and a desire to patch together a feature film by using a portmanteau structure.
Michael won the 1971 AACTA Award for Best Film.
- Hannant, Brian; Howes, Oliver (March 1971), Three to Go, Matthew Burton, Grahame Bond, Peter Colville, retrieved 2018-01-07
- "New Australian Directors of the 1970s – The New Wave Directors". ozflicks. 2017-01-07. Retrieved 2018-01-07.
- "3 To Go - Review - Photos - Ozmovies". www.ozmovies.com.au. Retrieved 2018-01-07.
- "Judy - Review - Photos - Ozmovies". www.ozmovies.com.au. Retrieved 2018-01-07.
- "Michael - Review - Photos - Ozmovies". www.ozmovies.com.au. Retrieved 2018-01-07.
- "Toula - Review - Photos - Ozmovies". www.ozmovies.com.au. Retrieved 2018-01-07.
- Andrew Pike and Ross Cooper, Australian Film 1900–1977: A Guide to Feature Film Production, Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 1998 p254-255
- "MILESAGO - Groups & Solo Artists - The Cleves". www.milesago.com. Retrieved 2018-01-10.
- "Cleves". Discogs. Retrieved 2018-01-10.