3rd Guards Spetsnaz Brigade
|3rd Guards Spetsnaz Brigade|
The Brigade on parade, 9 May 2011
|Active||March 26, 1944 – present|
|Branch||Russian Ground Forces|
|Part of||GRU (operational subordination)|
|Engagements||World War II|
First Chechen War
Civil war in Tajikistan
Second Chechen War
|Guards Col. Sergey Schepin|
The 3rd Guards Separate 'Warsaw-Berlin Red Banner Order of Suvorov 3rd degree' Spetsnaz Brigade (Military Unit Number 21208) is a special forces brigade of the Main Intelligence Directorate (GRU) and thus the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. It is now based at Tolyatti.
Despite the fact that the brigade itself was created in 1966, its predecessors have a long history.
Traditionally, the brigade traces its heritage to the 5th Separate Motorcycle Regiment. The regiment was established by Soviet General Staff Directive based on 238th Tank Brigade on March 26, 1944. On July 14, 1944, the regiment took part in the fighting, fighting in the 1st Byelorussian Front.
For exemplary performance of assigned tasks, for the seizure of the cities of Lublin, Garwolin, and Żelechów, decree USSR Supreme Soviet Presidium on August 9, 1944, the regiment was awarded Order of Red Banner. On December 1, 1944, the regiment was awarded the honorary title of "Guards."
For the successful execution of assigned tasks to free Warsaw Commander of the Order of February 10, 1945, the regiment was given the name "Warsaw". For exemplary performance of assigned tasks, for the possession of the cities of Woldenberg Zeden? by the decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet on April 26, 1945, the regiment was awarded the Order of Suvorov third degree.
For participation in the assault and capture of Berlin, the regiment was given the name "Berlin" on May 11, 1945. Since October 1945 the 5th Separate Guards Red Banner Order of Suvorov III degree Warsaw-Berlin Motorcycle Regiment of the 2nd Guards Tank Army was in a military town Tiefenbrunn.
On April 1, 1947, the 5th Separate Guards motorcycle regiment was disbanded, and on its base the 48th Separate Guards Motorcycle Battalion was established. In accordance with the directive of the General Staff of the number Org 267 486 20 September 1954 in order to improve the organization of reconnaissance units November 28, 1954 48th Separate Guards Motor Cycle Battalion was reformed in the 48th Separate Guards Reconnaissance Battalion.
In accordance with General Staff Directive № Org / 6/111560 on July 9, 1966 48th Separate Guards Reconnaissance Warsaw-Berlin Red Banner Order of Suvorov III degree battalion was disbanded.
The brigade was formed in 1966 by a Directive of the Commander Group of Soviet Forces in Germany. It was formed in the garrison Werder (Havel) based 26th separate special battalion and 27th separate special battalion, and 48th and 166th separate reconnaissance battalions.
The brigade was stationed in the town of Fürstenberg/Havel. Part of the brigade units were stationed until 1975 in Neustrelitz, then in Neuthymen. One of the main tasks of the brigade in the 1960–1980s was to detect and destroy the mobile missile systems of potential enemies.
In April 1991, based on the directives of the Ministry of Defence of the USSR № 314/1/01500 on November 7, 1990, the brigade was relocated to the village of Roshchinsky, Samara Oblast and came under command of the Volga-Urals Military District. With the reorganisation of the military districts in 2011 it became part of the Central Military District.
From September 28, 1992, to November 24, 1992, a Task Force from the brigade participated in combat operations in Tajikistan. Soldiers from the Brigade played a support role to the deployment of the 201st Motorized Rifle Division, guarding military and government facilities, covering the evacuation of the American embassy and escorted humanitarian convoys.
First Chechen War
January 17, 1995 1st Battalion (509th ooSpN) 3rd Brigade, using IL-76 was transferred to Mozdok, after which BMP-1 column moved on Khankala. The battalion conducted special reconnaissance around the city of Argun. Operation continued near the village of Komsomolsk, where the battalion assaulted and took a strategic height controlled by the adversary. In the night from 20 to 21 March 1995, in joint operation with the reconnaissance battalion of the 165th regiment of marines, successfully assaulted and captured height 236.7. The unit continued operations with disarmaming illegal armed groups near the settlements of Argun and Mesker- Yurt. Later a detachment fought near Gudermes and Shali.
Commando teams participated in the peacekeeping missions in Kosovo from July 1999 to October 2001.
Second Chechen War
The brigade took part in anti-terrorism and counter-insurgency operations from April 2002, to January 2007.
On July 21, 2001, on the basis of the 1st Battalion of the brigade, a consolidated group was formed, which until November 2004 provided security for Russian representative in Kabul.
The brigade was moved from Roshchinsky to Tolyatti in 2010.
On 16 May 2015, Armed Forces of Ukraine reported that troops of the 92nd Mechanized Brigade captured two Russians soldiers of the 3rd Guards Spetsnaz Brigade during a fight near Shchastya town (Luhansk oblast, eastern Ukraine). Captured soldiers said they were spetsnaz from Tolyatti, specifically Military Unit 21208. On May 18, 2015, police broke up a brief protest of approximately 12 people at a checkpoint near the Tolyatti base, with some protesters expressing concern about the Russians captured in Ukraine. While the representative of pro-Russian militants Eduard Basurin out of the eastern Ukraine said the captured Russians, Yevgeny Vladimirovich Yerofeyev (Russian: Евгений Владимирович Ерофеев) and Alexander Anatolyevich Alexandrov (Александр Анатольевич Александров), are members of the Luhansk People's Republic People’s Militia, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe officials said the two Russians admitted to being members of the Russian military. A year later, in May 2016, soldiers were exchanged for Nadiya Savchenko, Ukrainian citizen held in Russia.
- 3rd Special Purpose Brigade HQ
- Signals Company
- Special Weapons Company
- Support Company
- Logistics Company
- 330th Special Purpose Detachment
- 501st Special Purpose Detachment
- 503rd Special Purpose Detachment (2nd Battalion)
- 509th Special Purpose Detachment (1st Battalian)
- 510th Special Purpose Detachment
- 512th Special Purpose Detachment
- Training School
As of 2012, the average spetsnaz brigade had around 1,600 soldiers, given that spetsnaz brigades vary in sizes it is unknown exactly how large the 3rd brigade is.
|Order of Suvorov||1945||Germany|
|Order of Red Banner||1944||Poland|
|Order of St. George||2010||Russia|
During its operational history, 176 commandos of the brigade were awarded honors for bravery in combat. Two commandos were awarded the title of Hero of the Russian Federation:
- Guards Petty Officer Anton B. Ushakov (1972–1995) posthumously.
- Guards Lieutenant Alexei Dergunov (1979–2003) posthumously.
- Guards Major Alexei R. Prushkin (1962–1990) posthumously.
- Michael Holm, 3rd Guards Special Forces Brigade GRU, accessed 2013.
- "Russian artillerists shelled Russian reconnaissance group to conceal their participation in combat operations in east of Ukraine". Ukrainian Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 20 May 2015.
- Reuters (18 May 2015). "Captured Russian Soldier 'Admits' on Video to Spying in Eastern Ukraine". The Moscow Times. Retrieved 18 May 2015.
- "Captured Russian soldiers to be prosecuted for terrorism". unian.info. 18 May 2015. Retrieved 18 May 2015.
- "В Тольятти прошла стихийная акция протеста у военной базы". BBC. 18 May 2015. Retrieved 18 May 2015.
- "LPR soldiers were captured by Georgian special forces - DPR Defense Ministry spokesman". TASS. 20 May 2015. Retrieved 21 May 2015.
- "Затримані росіяни визнали, що вони є кадровими військовими Росії – ОБСЄ". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. Radio Svoboda. 21 May 2015. Retrieved 21 May 2015.
- Kramer, Andrew E. (2016-05-25). "Ukrainian Pilot, Nadiya Savchenko, Is Exchanged for 2 Russian Prisoners". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-02-11.