3rd Infantry Division (South Korea)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
3rd Infantry Division
3rd Infantry Division (South Korea).png
3rd Infantry Division insignia
Founded May 12, 1949; 68 years ago (1949-05-12)
Country  South Korea
Branch Flag of the Republic of Korea Army.svg Republic of Korea Army
Type Infantry
Part of 5th Corps (Republic of Korea)
Nickname(s) "White Skull"
Engagements Korean War

The 3rd Infantry Division is a unit of the Republic of Korea Army.


First formed as the 3rd brigade on December 1, 1947. On December 24, 1949, the division conducted the Mungyeong massacre.[1] The unit was upgraded to a division on May 12, 1949. The Division consists of the 18th, 22nd, 23rd and Infantry Regiments.[2]

The division was under the direct control of the Republic of Korea Army after the first fall of Seoul.

Was part of the defensive line to slow the North Korean advance from Seoul to Daejeon.

Fought in the Battle of Pusan Perimeter.[3]

After the breakout from the Pusan Perimeter, fierce battles were fought in the harbor village of Pohang between the 3rd Division and the NKPA’s 5th Division. The 3rd finally captured the village during the morning of the twentieth. They continued to attack aggressively, forcing a disorderly withdrawal by the NKPA toward Yongdok.[4] During the course of the war, the 3rd Infantry Division took part in over 150 battles, killing and capturing more than 51,000 enemy soldiers. It is also known as the invincible unit because it has never lost a single battle. They are the frontline troops.[5]

Current structure[edit]

  • Headquarters:
    • Anti-Tank Company
    • DMZ Patrol Company
    • Armor Battalion
    • Signal Battalion
    • Reconnaissance Battalion
    • Engineer Battalion
    • Support Battalion
    • Medical Battalion
    • Chemical Battalion
  • 18th Infantry Regiment
  • 22nd Infantry Regiment
  • 23rd Infantry Regiment
  • Artillery Regiment

See also[edit]