3rd Marine Infantry Parachute Regiment
This article relies largely or entirely on a single source. (February 2013)
|3rd Marine Infantry Parachute Regiment|
(3e Régiment de Parachutistes d'Infanterie de Marine)
|Active||January 8, 1948 – present|
(same unit, different designations)
3e GCCP 1950
3e BCCP 1951
3e BCCP 1951
3e BPC 1952
3e BCCP 1955
3e RPC 1955
3e RPIMa 1958 – present
|Type||Troupes de marine|
|Part of||11th Parachute Brigade|
|Motto(s)||Être et durer (To Be and endure)|
|Colors||Red and blue|
|Engagements||First Indochina War|
*Battle of Route Coloniale 4
*Battle of Nà Sản
Guy Le Borgne
|Insignia of the 3rd Marine Infantry Parachute Regiment|
The 3rd Marine Infantry Parachute Regiment (French: 3e Régiment de Parachutistes d'Infanterie de Marine, 3e RPIMa) is an airborne elite regiment of the French Army heir to the 3rd Colonial Commando Parachute Battalion 3e BCCP created in 1948 and the 3rd Colonial Parachute Regiment 3e RPC. The regiment is part of the 11th Parachute Brigade.
The battalion filled the ranks with the thousands throughout the various campaign battle courses of dissolutions and reformations. The battalions of this regiment are heir to the 1st Colonial Parachute Commando Demi-Brigade, another heir of the paratroopers of Free France, the Demi-Brigade of the SAS, of the Parachute Choc Groupment Battalions, whose regimental colors was decorated with the Légion d'honneur on July 1954.
- 1 Creation and different nominations
- 2 History since 1948
- 3 Composition
- 4 Traditions
- 5 Regimental Commanders
- 6 Notable members of the 3e RPIMa
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Creation and different nominations
- On January 8, 1948 : creation of the battalion at Vannes.
- On November 9, 1948 : administrative creation of the 3rd Colonial Parachute Commando Battalion, 3e BCCP
- On October 1, 1950 : became the 3rd Colonial Parachute Commando Group, 3e GCCP.
- November 1, 1950 : dissolution of the 3e GCCP.
- January 1, 1951 : recreation of the battalion at Saint-Brieuc.
- December 27, 1951 : became the 3rd Colonial Parachute Commando Battalion, 3e BCCP.
- May 28, 1952 : became the 3rd Colonial Parachute Battalion, 3e BPC.
- June 1, 1955 : recreation of the 3rd Colonial Parachute Battalion at Mont-de-Marsan.
- November 1, 1955 : became the 3rd Parachute Colonial Regiment, 3e RPC
- December 1, 1958 : became the 3rd Marine Infantry Parachute Regiment, 3e RPIMa.
History since 1948
Campaign Participation Engagement
Campaign Participation Engagement
Campaign Participation Engagement
Created in January 1948, the 3rd Colonial Parachute Commando Battalion 3e BCCP joined Indochina on November of the same year. Cited twice at the orders of the armed forces, the battalion was dissolved after having sacrificed itself in October 1950. During this episode, the 3e BCCP of captain Cazaux and the 1st Foreign Parachute Battalion 1er BEP of Commandant Pierre Segretain, disappeared.
Recreated on December 27, 1951, the battalion was designated as the 3rd Colonial Parachute Battalion 3e BPC, illustrating savoire faire while gaining another citation at the orders of the armed forces.
The battalion was then dissolved again, providing the reformation of another battalion.
3rd Marine Infantry Parachute Regiment, 3e RPIMa (1958–present)
Designated as the 3rd Marine Infantry Parachute Regiment in December 1958, the regiment joined the metropole and stationed on July 1962. The regiment formed a part of the 11th Light Intervention Division 11e DLI.
In 1968, the regiment intervened in Chad during the during the first civil war conflict.
The regiment partook in various peacekeeping missions in Lebanon on numerous yearly designated occasions within the UNIFIL first then integrated the corps of the Multinational Force in Lebanon. During one of these various peacekeeping interventions, the regimental commander colonel Jean Salvan was severely wouned.
The regiment then intervened in Djibouti, again in Chad, Central African Republic, New Caledonia, Togo, Gabon, the Gulf War, Turkey, Zaire, Ex-Yugoslavia, Congo, and Kosovo where the regiment acquired the fifth respective citation.
The regiment has been deployed in combat, combat support, peacekeeping and multipurposed facade mission operations throughout the world with the ongoing War on Terror, mainly on all exterior theatres of operations where the French Armed Forces are engaged in along the five continents.
The regiment is composed of 1120 personnel organized into 8 companies:
- Compagnie de commandement et de logistique (CCL) – Command and logistics company
- Compagnie d'administration et de soutien (CAS) – Administration and support company
- Compagnie d'éclairage et d'appui (CEA) – Reconnaissance and support company
- 1re Compagnie de combat – 1st Combat company
- 2e Compagnie de combat – 2nd Combat company
- 3e Compagnie de combat – 3rd Combat company
- 4e Compagnie de combat – 4th Combat company
- Compagnie de réserve (CR) – Reserve company
Except for the Legionnaires of the 1ème REG, 2ème REG, 2ème REP that conserve the Green Beret, the remainder of the French army metropolitan and marine paratroopers forming the 11th Parachute Brigade wear the Red Beret.
The Archangel Saint Michael, patron of the French paratroopers is celebrated on September 29.
The prière du Para (Prayer of the Paratrooper) was written by André Zirnheld in 1938.
Just like the paratrooper Brevet of the French Army, the insignia of French Paratroopers was created in 1946. The French Army insignia of metropolitan Paratroopers represents a closed "winged armed dextrochere", meaning a "right winged arm" armed with a sword pointing upwards. The insignia makes reference to the Patron of Paratroopers. In fact, the insignia represents "the right Arm of Saint Michael", the Archangel which according to Liturgy[dubious ] is the "Armed Arm of God". This insignia is the symbol of righteous combat and fidelity to superior missions. The French Army insignia of Marine Infantry Paratroopers is backgrounded by a Marine Anchor.
Insignia of the 3e B.C.C.P Insignia of the 3e R.P.C Insignia of the Marine Parachute Units Left arm insignia of the Troupes de Marine
- Hymne du 3e RPIMa
- "Rien ne saurait t'émouvoir"
Rien ne saurait t'émouvoir,
- Croix de guerre des théâtres d'opérations extérieures is decorated with:
- 3 palms (3 citations at the orders of the armed forces)
- one bronz star (citation at the orders of the brigade)
- Croix de la Valeur militaire is decorated with:
- 2 palms (two citations at the orders of the armed forces)
The regiment has received one citation sans croix at the orders of the armed forces for the peace intervention in Lebanon in 1978, which was replaced with a citation bearing attribution of the Croix de la Valeur militaire with palm.
The citation at the orders of the brigade was awarded for action while leading allied forces in Kosovo in 1999.
On May 21, 2012, the regimental colors were decorated again with the croix de la valeur militaire with palm for service in Afghanistan within the cadre of ISAF.
The regiment bears wearing Fourragère:
- Fourragère bearing the colors of the Croix de guerre des théâtres d'opérations extérieures.
Notable members of the 3e RPIMa
- Général Marcel Bigeard (1916 -2010), regimental commander 3rd Colonial Parachute Regiment 3e RPC (1955–1958) and the 20th Parachute Brigade which included the 3rd Marine Infantry Parachute Regiment along with other regimental, brigade, area forces and regional commands.
- Général François Cann, regimental commander 8th Marine Infantry Parachute Regiment 8e RPIMa (1977–1979)
- Adjudant-Chef Henri Georges Simon
- Jean Yves Socard
- "3e RPIMa". French government. Retrieved 2012-02-17.
Sources and bibliographies
- Collectif, Histoire des parachutistes français, Société de Production Littéraire – 1975.
- Livre ceux du 3e RPIMA Maison d'édition BBK.
- Livre 3e BCCP Indochine 1948 1950 Maison d'édition Hexagone.
- Cyril Bondroit, 3e BCCP, Indochine 1948–1950, Éditions Indo Éditions – 1998 – ISBN 978-2-912755-01-8.