3rd Parliament of the Province of Canada

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The 3rd Parliament of the Province of Canada was in session from 1848 to 1851. Elections for the Legislative Assembly were held in the Province of Canada in January 1848. The first session was held at Montreal, Canada East. In 1849, rioters protesting the Rebellion Losses Bill burned the parliament buildings. The remaining sessions were held in Toronto.

During the 1849 session of this parliament, a number of important bills were passed:

  • the Act to provide for the Indemnification of Parties in Lower Canada whose Property was destroyed during the Rebellion in the years 1837 and 1838[1] (Rebellion Losses Bill)
  • the Baldwin Act, also known as the Municipal Corporations Act, which replaced the local government system based on district councils in Canada West by government at the county level. It also granted more autonomy to townships, villages, towns and cities.
  • the Amnesty Act which offered pardons to all those involved in the Rebellions of 1837-8.

In 1850, legislation was passed to regulate the operation of the postal service and to establish a post on the Executive Council for the Postmaster General for the Province of Canada.

Seats in the Canada East remained at 41, but Canada West increased by 1 to 43.

The Speaker of this parliament was Augustin Norbert Morin.

Canada East[edit]

Riding Member Party
Beauharnois Jacob De Witt Reformer
Bellechasse Augustin-Norbert Morin Patriote
Berthier David Morrison Armstrong Patriote
Bonaventure William Cuthbert Tory
Chambly Pierre Beaubien [1] Patriote
Louis Lacoste (1849) Reformer
Champlain Louis Guillet Patriote
Deux-Montagnes William Henry Scott Reformer
Dorchester François-Xavier Lemieux Patriote
Drummond Robert Nugent Watts Conservative
Gaspé Robert Christie Independent
Huntingdon Tancrède Sauvageau Patriote
Kamouraska Pierre Canac [2] Patriote
Luc Letellier de St-Just (1851) Liberal
Leinster Norbert Dumas Patriote
L'Islet Charles-François Fournier Patriote
Lotbinière Joseph Laurin Patriote
Mégantic Dominick Daly [3] Conservative
Dunbar Ross (1850) Reformer
Missisquoi William Badgley Conservative
Montmorency Joseph-Édouard Cauchon Patriote
Montreal Benjamin Holmes Reformer
Montreal Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine Reformer
Montreal (county) André Jobin Reformer
Nicolet Thomas Fortier Patriote
Ottawa John Egan Reformer
Portneuf Édouard-Louis-Antoine-Charles Juchereau Duchesnay Reformer
Quebec County Pierre-Joseph-Olivier Chauveau Reformer
Quebec City Thomas Cushing Aylwin [4] Patriote
François-Xavier Méthot Patriote
Quebec City Jean Chabot Conservative
Richelieu Wolfred Nelson Patriote
Rimouski Joseph-Charles Taché Patriote
Rouville Pierre Davignon Patriote
Saguenay Marc-Pascal de Sales Laterrière Patriote
St. Hyacinthe Thomas Boutillier Reformer
Saint-Maurice Louis-Joseph Papineau Patriote
Shefford Lewis Thomas Drummond Conservative
Sherbrooke Bartholomew Conrad Augustus Gugy Conservative
Sherbrooke (county) Samuel Brooks [5] Conservative
Alexander Tilloch Galt (1849) [6] Independent
John Sewell Sanborn (1850) Liberal
Stanstead John McConnell Conservative
Terrebonne Louis-Michel Viger Patriote
Trois-Rivières Antoine Polette (1848) [7] Reformer
Vaudreuil Jean-Baptiste Mongenais Patriote
Verchères James Leslie [8] Patriote
George-Étienne Cartier (1848) Reformer
Yamaska Michel Fourquin Reformer


Canada West[edit]

Riding Member Party
Brockville George Sherwood
Bytown John Scott Conservative
Carleton Edward Malloch
Cornwall John Hillyard Cameron Conservative
Dundas John Pliny Crysler
Durham James Smith
Essex John Prince
Frontenac Henry Smith, Jr Conservative
Glengarry John Sandfield Macdonald Reformer
Grenville Reed Burritt
Haldimand David Thompson[9] Reformer
William Lyon Mackenzie (1851) Reformer
East Halton John Wetenhall [10] Reformer
Caleb Hopkins (1850) Clear Grit
Hamilton Allan Napier MacNab Conservative
Hastings Billa Flint Reformer
Huron William Cayley Conservative
Kent Malcolm Cameron Reformer
Kingston John A. Macdonald Conservative
Lanark Robert Bell Reformer
Leeds William Buell Richards Reformer
Lennox & Addington Benjamin Seymour Conservative
Lincoln William Hamilton Merritt Reformer
London John Wilson Conservative
Middlesex William Notman Reformer
Niagara (town) Walter Hamilton Dickson
Norfolk Henry John Boulton Reformer
Northumberland Adam H Meyers
Oxford Francis Hincks Reformer
Peterborough James Hall
Prescott Thomas H Johnston
Prince Edward David Barker Stevenson Conservative
Russell George Byron Lyon-Fellowes
Simcoe William Benjamin Robinson Conservative
Stormont Alexander McLean
Toronto William Henry Boulton Conservative
Toronto Henry Sherwood Conservative
Waterloo[11] James Webster [12] Conservative
Adam Johnston Fergusson (1849) Reformer
Welland [13] Duncan McFarland
Wentworth Harmannus Smith
East York [14] William Hume Blake [15] Reformer
Peter Perry (1850) Clear Grit
North York [16] Robert Baldwin Reformer
South York [17] James Hervey Price Reformer
West York [18] Joseph Curran Morrison Reformer


Preceded by
2nd Parliament of the Province of Canada
Parliaments in the Province of Canada
Succeeded by
4th Parliament of the Province of Canada


  1. ^ resigned to accept a position; Louis Lacose was elected in a by-election in September 1849.
  2. ^ died in 1850; Luc Letellier de Saint-Just was elected to the seat in February 1851.
  3. ^ seat was declared vacant in 1849 after Daly was named to a commission of inquiry in England; Dunbar Ross was elected in a by-election held in March 1850.
  4. ^ resigned his seat in 1848 to accept an appointment as judge; François-Xavier Méthot was elected in a by-election held in June 1848.
  5. ^ died in March 1849; Alexander Tilloch Galt took the seat in April 1849.
  6. ^ resigned in January 1850; John Sewell Sanborn was elected to the seat in March 1850.
  7. ^ The general election in Trois-Rivières was not completed and Antoine Polette was elected in a by-election in April 1848.
  8. ^ accepted an appointment; George-Étienne Cartier was elected to the seat in April 1848.
  9. ^ died in 1851; William Lyon Mackenzie was elected in an April 1851 by-election.
  10. ^ was required to seek reelection after being appointed to cabinet; Caleb Hopkins won his seat in a March 1850 by-election.
  11. ^ formerly West Halton
  12. ^ unseated on appeal; Adam Johnston Fergusson took the seat in February 1849.
  13. ^ formerly South Lincoln
  14. ^ formerly 3rd York
  15. ^ resigned in 1849; Peter Perry was elected in a by-election.
  16. ^ formerly 4th York
  17. ^ formerly 1st York
  18. ^ formerly 2nd York

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