3rd Pennsylvania Cavalry
|3rd Pennsylvania Cavalry, 60th regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers|
Company D, 3rd Pennsylvania Cavalry
|Active||July 18, 1861 to August 15, 1865|
|Engagements||Battle of Manassas|
Battle of Antietam
Battle of Williamsburg
Battle of Fredericksburg
Battle of Kelly's Ford
Battle of Gettysburg
Siege of Petersburg
The 3rd Pennsylvania Cavalry Regiment (also known as the 60th Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteers or Young's Kentucky Light Cavalry) was a cavalry regiment in the Union Army during the American Civil War.
The unit was recruited by Colonel William H. Young at Philadelphia during July and August 1861. Company A was formed around a local independent cavalry company, the Merchants' Troop of Philadelphia. As companies were formed, they were immediately sent to Camp Park in Washington, DC, for outfitting and training. Among those who assisted in their training was Lieutenant George A. Custer. The regiment was initially named the Kentucky Light Cavalry in an effort to influence citizens of that border state to remain in the Union. Although the first Pennsylvania cavalry unit formed in response to President Lincoln's call for volunteers, this initial designation caused it to lose its numbering priority to regiments formed later.
The regiment served in the Army of the Potomac through the rest of the Civil War, losing a total of 169 men. It became part of the 5th Pennsylvania Cavalry May 8, 1865.
A monument recognizing the unit's role in stopping forces under Major General J. E. B Stuart from assaulting the rear of the Union lines on Cemetery Ridge on July 3, 1863 stands east of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania at the East Cavalry Battlefield.
- William H. Young Recruited Kentucky Light Cavalry regiment.
- William W. Averell Commanded from August 23, 1861 to September 26, 1862.
- John B. McIntosh Commanded from September 26, 1862 to July 21, 1864.
- Edward S. Jones Commanded from July 21, 1864 until mustered out, August 24, 1864.
- James W. Walsh Commanded reorganized 'Veteran Battalion'- those who reenlisted after expiration of three years service- from August 24, 1864.
- William Brooke-Rawle, et al., History of the Third Pennsylvania Cavalry, Sixtieth Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers, in the American Civil War, 1861-1865. (Philadelphia: Franklin Printing Company, 1905). pp. 5-8.
- Frederick H. Dyer, A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion. (Des Moines, IA: Dyer Publishing Co., 1908). pp. 1558- 1559.
- "Monument to the 3rd Pennsylvania Cavalry at Gettysburg".
- Further details of the regiment's organization, battle service and losses from the National Park Service.
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