3rd arrondissement of Paris

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3rd arrondissement of Paris
Arts et Métiers (medieval priory of Saint-Martin-des-Champs)
Arts et Métiers (medieval priory of Saint-Martin-des-Champs)
Location within Paris
Location within Paris
Coordinates: 48°51′49.75″N 2°21′41.97″E / 48.8638194°N 2.3616583°E / 48.8638194; 2.3616583Coordinates: 48°51′49.75″N 2°21′41.97″E / 48.8638194°N 2.3616583°E / 48.8638194; 2.3616583
CountryFrance
RegionÎle-de-France
DepartmentParis
CommuneParis
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Ariel Weil (PS)
Area
1.17 km2 (0.45 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018)[1]
34,020
 • Density29,077/km2 (75,310/sq mi)
INSEE code75103
Paris Coat of Arms
The
20 arrondissements
of Paris
17th 18th 19th
  8th 9th 10th 11th 20th
16th 2nd 3rd
1st 4th 12th
River Seine
  7th 6th 5th 13th
15th 14th

The 3rd arrondissement of Paris (IIIe arrondissement) is one of the 20 arrondissements (districts) of the capital city of France. In spoken French, this arrondissement is colloquially referred to as the "troisième" meaning "third" in French. Its postal code is 75003. It is governed locally together with the 1st, 2nd and 4th arrondissement, with which it forms the 1st sector of Paris.

The arrondissement, called Temple and situated on the right bank of the River Seine, is the smallest in area after the 2nd arrondissement. The arrondissement contains the northern, quieter part of the medieval district of Le Marais (while the 4th arrondissement contains Le Marais' more lively southern part, notably including the gay district of Paris).

History[edit]

The oldest surviving private house of Paris, built in 1407, is to be found in the 3rd arrondissement, 52 rue de Montmorency.[2]

The ancient Jewish quarter, the Pletzl (פלעצל, little place in Yiddish) which dates from the 13th century begins in the eastern part of the 3rd arrondissement and extends into the 4th. It is home to the Musée d'art et d'histoire du judaïsme and the Agoudas Hakehilos synagogue designed by the architect Guimard. Although trendy boutiques are now taking up many of the storefronts, there are still landmark stores selling traditional Jewish foods.

A small but slowly expanding Chinatown, inhabited by immigrants from Wenzhou, centers on the rue au Maire, near the Conservatoire national des arts et métiers housed in the medieval priory of Saint-Martin-des-Champs.

Geography[edit]

Size[edit]

With a land area of 1.2 km2 (as recorded in 2017 census)[3] (0.452 square miles, or 289 acres), the 3rd arrondissement and ranks the second smallest arrondissement in the city.

Location[edit]

It is situated in what is considered Central Paris on the right bank of the city rive droite. Its interior is mostly absent of the large Haussmannian boulevards included in many other arrondissements throughout the city.

Neighborhoods (Quartiers)[edit]

The arrondissement includes a range of neighborhoods or quartiers most of which date back as early as the Middle Ages. Most residents and locals refer to this area as Temple, Arts et Metiers or more generally, Le Marais; however most of the Marais district is included in the 4th arrondissement, which it neighbors on its southern border. called Temple and situated on the right bank of the River Seine, is the smallest in area after the 2nd arrondissement.

Demographics[edit]

The area now occupied by the third arrondissement attained its peak population in the period preceding the re-organization of Paris in 1860. In 1999, the population was 34,248, while the arrondissement hosted a total of 29,723 jobs.

Historical population[edit]

Year
(of French censuses)
Population Density
(inh. per km²)
1861 (peak of population)¹ 99,116 84,642
1872 89,687 76,656
1954 65,312 55,822
1962 62,680 53,527
1968 56,252 48,038
1975 41,706 35,616
1982 36,094 30,823
1990 35,102 29,976
1999 34,248 29,247
2009 35,655 30,474
2017 34,115 29,158

¹The peak of population actually occurred before 1861, but the
arrondissement was created in 1860, so we do not have figures before 1861.

Immigration[edit]

Place of birth of residents of the 3rd arrondissement in 1999
Born in metropolitan France Born outside metropolitan France
73.4% 26.6%
Born in
overseas France
Born in foreign countries with French citizenship at birth1 EU-15 immigrants2 Non-EU-15 immigrants
0.8% 4.4% 5.8% 15.6%
1 This group is made up largely of former French settlers, such as Pieds-Noirs in Northwest Africa, followed by former colonial citizens who had French citizenship at birth (such as was often the case for the native elite in French colonies), as well as to a lesser extent foreign-born children of French expatriates. Note that a foreign country is understood as a country not part of France in 1999, so a person born for example in 1950 in Algeria, when Algeria was an integral part of France, is nonetheless listed as a person born in a foreign country in French statistics.

2 An immigrant is a person born in a foreign country not having French citizenship at birth. Note that an immigrant may have acquired French citizenship since moving to France, but is still considered an immigrant in French statistics. On the other hand, persons born in France with foreign citizenship (the children of immigrants) are not listed as immigrants.

Education[edit]

There are six public high-schools in the 3rd arrondissement, and no private high-schools. [4]

  • Lycée Victor Hugo, 27 rue de Sevigné
  • Lycée Turgot, 69 rue de Turbigo
  • Lycée Simone Veil, 7 rue de Poitou
  • Lycée Professionel François Truffaut, 28 rue Debelleyeme
  • Lycée professionnel de la bijouterie Nicolas Flamel (an annex of the École Boulle), 8 rue de Montmorency
  • Lycée professionnel Abbé Grégoire, 70 bis, rue de Turbigo

Map[edit]

Map of the 3rd arrondissement

Places of interest[edit]

Metro 3e arrondissement.png
the Mairie (town hall) of the 3rd arrondissement
Square du Temple

Museums[edit]

There are 9 museums alone in the 3rd arrondissement as listed by the Paris office of tourism, however there are also many other smaller museums, as listed below.[5]

Musée des Arts et Métiers[edit]

Musée de la Chasse et de la Nature[edit]

Musée Cognacq-Jay[edit]

Musée national Picasso-Paris[edit]

Musée de la Poupée[edit]

Musée de la Serrure[edit]

Musée des Archives Nationales - Hôtel de Soubise[edit]

Musée d'art et d'histoire du Judaïsme[edit]

Musée Carnavalet - Histoire de Paris[edit]

Henri Cartier-Bresson Foundation[edit]

Gaîté Lyrique[edit]

Gardens[edit]

There are 6 smaller gardens throughout the 3rd arrondissement. [6]

Square du Temple - Parc Elie Wiesel[edit]

Square Saint-Gilles Grand Veneur - Pauline-Roland

Jardin de Rohan

Square Georges Cain

Square Léopold-Achille

Jardin Anne Frank

Jardin de l'Hotel Salé - Léonor Fini

Jardin des Archives Nationale



References[edit]

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2018". INSEE. 28 December 2020.
  2. ^ "10 Paris facts". Paris Digest. 2018. Retrieved 20 November 2018.
  3. ^ "Comparateur de territoire − Comparez les territoires de votre choix - Résultats pour les communes, départements, régions, intercommunalités... | Insee". www.insee.fr. Retrieved 2 September 2020.
  4. ^ "Lycées à Paris (75003) - Le Parisien Etudiant". etudiant.aujourdhui.fr (in French). Retrieved 2 September 2020.
  5. ^ "Musée à Paris dans l'arrondissement : 3ème". Site officiel de l’Office du Tourisme et des Congrès de Paris. 2015. Retrieved 2 September 2020.
  6. ^ "Parc, jardin, promenade à Paris dans l'arrondissement : 3ème". Site officiel de l’Office du Tourisme et des Congrès de Paris. 2015. Retrieved 2 September 2020.

External links[edit]