3rd unofficial Chess Olympiad

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The 3rd unofficial Chess Olympiad was held by German Chess Federation (Grossdeutscher Schachbund) as a counterpart of the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin with reference to 1924 and 1928 events.[1] FIDE’s position regarding the Munich Olympiad was set out on pages 10–11 of the minutes of its Congress in Warsaw in August 1935. In short, given that parts of the German Chess Federation’s statutes were anti-Semitic, FIDE could have no involvement in the Munich Olympiad. However, since Germany had agreed, for that event, to drop its ban on Jews, FIDE’s General Assembly voted to leave Federations free to decide whether or not to participate.[2] Finally, many Jewish chess players took part in the event. Significantly, the "Jewish" teams of Hungary (i.e. L. Steiner, E. Steiner, Szabó, Gereben, Havasi) and Poland (i.e. Frydman, Najdorf, Friedman, Kremer, Pogorieły) beat "Aryan" Germany. Also Jewish masters from other countries played leading role there (i.e. Movsas Feigins, Gunnar Friedemann, Imre König, Lodewijk Prins, Isakas Vistaneckis, Emil Zinner, etc.).

The Schach-Olympia 1936 took place in Munich between August 17 and September 1, 1936. In that extra-Olympiad (non-FIDE) 208 participants, representing 21 countries, played 1680 games. The Munich unofficial Olympiad was the biggest team competition ever held.[3]

Results[edit]

Final[edit]

# Country Points
1 Hungary Hungary 110.5
2 Poland Poland 108
3 Nazi Germany Germany 106.5
4 Kingdom of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia 104.5
5 Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia 104
6 Latvia Latvia 96.5
7 Austria Austria 95
8 Sweden Sweden 94
9 Denmark Denmark 91.5
10 Estonia Estonia 90
11 Lithuania Lithuania 77.5
12 Finland Finland 75
13 Netherlands Netherlands 71.5
14 Romania Romania 68
15 Norway Norway 64.5
16 Brazil Brazil 63
17 Switzerland Switzerland 61.5
18 Italy Italy 59
19 Iceland Iceland 57.5
20 France France 43.5
21 Bulgaria Bulgaria 38.5

Team medals[edit]

# Country Players
1 Hungary
Hungary
Géza Maróczy, Lajos Steiner, Endre Steiner, Kornél Havasi, László Szabó, Gedeon Barcza, Árpád Vajda, Ernő Gereben, János Balogh, Imre Kóródy Keresztély
2 Poland
Poland
Paulin Frydman, Mieczysław Najdorf, Teodor Regedziński, Kazimierz Makarczyk, Henryk Friedman, Leon Kremer, Henryk Pogorieły, Antoni Wojciechowski, Franciszek Sulik, Jerzy Jagielski
3 Nazi Germany
Germany
Kurt Richter, Carl Ahues, Ludwig Engels, Carl Carls, Ludwig Rellstab, Fritz Sämisch, Ludwig Rödl, Herbert Heinicke, Wilhelm Ernst, Paul Michel

Individual medals[edit]

# Board Player Country Points Games  %
1 Paul Keres Estonia Estonia 15.5 20 77.5
1 Vasja Pirc Kingdom of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia 12 17 70.6
1 Gideon Ståhlberg Sweden Sweden 11.5 17 67.6
2 Mieczysław Najdorf Poland Poland 16 20 80.0
2 Lajos Steiner Hungary Hungary 15.5 20 77.5
2 Albert Becker Austria Austria 13.5 18 75.0
3 Bjørn Nielsen Denmark Denmark 11.5 15 76.7
3 Movsas Feigins Latvia Latvia 14.5 19 76.3
3 Emil Zinner Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia 14.5 20 72.5
4 Karel Hromádka Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia 14 20 70.0
4 Gösta Danielsson Sweden Sweden 13.5 20 67.5
4 Markas Luckis Lithuania Lithuania 13.5 20 67.5
5 László Szabó Hungary Hungary 16.5 19 86.8
5 Henryk Friedman Poland Poland 15.5 20 77.5
5 Ludwig Rellstab Nazi Germany Germany 12 17 70.6
6 Borislav Kostić Kingdom of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia 16 19 84.2
6 Leon Kremer Poland Poland 15 20 75.0
6 Feliks Villard Estonia Estonia 13 19 68.4
7 Ludwig Rödl Nazi Germany Germany 11 6 68.8
7 Alfred Christensen Denmark Denmark 13 19 68.4
7 Henryk Pogorieły Poland Poland 13.5 20 67.5
8 Wolfgang Weil Austria Austria 12.5 17 73.5
8 Herbert Heinicke Nazi Germany Germany 13 18 72.2
8 Karlis Ozols Latvia Latvia 10.5 15 70.0
1 reserve František Zíta Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia 7.5 11 68.2
1 reserve Wilhelm Ernst Nazi Germany Germany 9.5 14 67.9
1 reserve János Balogh Hungary Hungary 8.5 13 65.4
2 reserve Ozren Nedeljković Kingdom of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia 8 10 80.0
2 reserve Paul Michel Nazi Germany Germany 9.5 12 79.2
2 reserve Bertil Sundberg Sweden Sweden 10.5 15 70.0

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ OlimpBase :: Chess Olympiad, Munich 1936, information
  2. ^ Edward Winter: The 1936 Munich Chess Olympiad
  3. ^ Stanisław Gawlikowski: Olimpiady szachowe 1924-1974, Wyd. Sport i Turystyka, Warszawa 1978

External links[edit]