4-aminobutyrate transaminase

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4-aminobutyrate transaminase
1ohv.jpg
Identifiers
EC number2.6.1.19
CAS number9037-67-6
Databases
IntEnzIntEnz view
BRENDABRENDA entry
ExPASyNiceZyme view
KEGGKEGG entry
MetaCycmetabolic pathway
PRIAMprofile
PDB structuresRCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum
Gene OntologyAmiGO / QuickGO
4-aminobutyrate transaminase
Identifiers
SymbolABAT
Entrez18
HUGO23
OMIM137150
RefSeqNM_020686
UniProtP80404
Other data
LocusChr. 16 p13.2

In enzymology, 4-aminobutyrate transaminase (EC 2.6.1.19), also called GABA transaminase or 4-aminobutyrate aminotransferase, is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction:

4-aminobutanoate + 2-oxoglutarate succinate semialdehyde + L-glutamate

Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are 4-aminobutanoate (GABA) and 2-oxoglutarate. The two products are succinate semialdehyde and L-glutamate.

This enzyme belongs to the family of transferases, specifically the transaminases, which transfer nitrogenous groups. The systematic name of this enzyme class is 4-aminobutanoate:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase. This enzyme participates in 5 metabolic pathways: alanine and aspartate metabolism, glutamate metabolism, beta-alanine metabolism, propanoate metabolism, and butanoate metabolism. It employs one cofactor, pyridoxal phosphate.

Structural Studies[edit]

As of late 2007, 9 structures have been solved for this class of enzymes, with PDB accession codes 1OHV, 1OHW, 1OHY, 1SF2, 1SFF, 1SZK, 1SZS, 1SZU, and 2EO5.

Inhibitors[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Awad R, Muhammad A, Durst T, Trudeau VL, Arnason JT (August 2009). "Bioassay-guided fractionation of lemon balm (Melissa officinalis L.) using an in vitro measure of GABA transaminase activity". Phytotherapy Research. 23 (8): 1075–81. doi:10.1002/ptr.2712. PMID 19165747.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]