4-Coumarate-CoA ligase

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4-Coumarate-CoA ligase
EC number
CAS number 37332-51-7
IntEnz IntEnz view
ExPASy NiceZyme view
MetaCyc metabolic pathway
PRIAM profile
PDB structures RCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum
Gene Ontology AmiGO / EGO

In enzymology, a 4-coumarate-CoA ligase (EC is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

ATP + 4-coumarate + CoA \rightleftharpoons AMP + diphosphate + 4-coumaroyl-CoA

The 3 substrates of this enzyme are ATP, 4-coumarate, and CoA, whereas its 3 products are AMP, diphosphate, and 4-coumaroyl-CoA.

This enzyme belongs to the family of ligases, to be specific those forming carbon-sulfur bonds as acid-thiol ligases. The systematic name of this enzyme class is 4-coumarate:CoA ligase (AMP-forming). Other names in common use include 4-coumaroyl-CoA synthetase, p-coumaroyl CoA ligase, p-coumaryl coenzyme A synthetase, p-coumaryl-CoA synthetase, p-coumaryl-CoA ligase, feruloyl CoA ligase, hydroxycinnamoyl CoA synthetase, 4-coumarate:coenzyme A ligase, caffeolyl coenzyme A synthetase, p-hydroxycinnamoyl coenzyme A synthetase, feruloyl coenzyme A synthetase, sinapoyl coenzyme A synthetase, 4-coumaryl-CoA synthetase, hydroxycinnamate:CoA ligase, p-coumaryl-CoA ligase, p-hydroxycinnamic acid:CoA ligase, and 4CL. This enzyme participates in phenylpropanoid biosynthesis.


  • Gross GG, Zenk MH (1974). "Isolation and properties of hydroxycinnamate: CoA ligase from lignifying tissue of Forsythia". Eur. J. Biochem. 42 (2): 453–9. doi:10.1111/j.1432-1033.1974.tb03359.x. PMID 4364250. 
  • Lindl T, Kreuzaler F, Hahlbrock K (1973). "Synthesis of p-coumaroyl coenzyme a with a partially purified p-coumarate:CoA ligase from cell suspension cultures of soybean (Glycine max)". Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 302 (2): 457–64. doi:10.1016/0005-2744(73)90174-5. PMID 4699252.