List of the major 4000-metre summits of Canada

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The following sortable table comprises the 19 mountain peaks of Canada with at least 4000 metres (13,123 feet) of elevation and at least 500 metres (1640 feet) of topographic prominence.[1]

The summit of a mountain or hill may be measured in three principal ways:

  1. The topographic elevation of a summit measures the height of the summit above a geodetic sea level.[2]
  2. The topographic prominence of a summit is a measure of how high the summit rises above its surroundings.[3][2]
  3. The topographic isolation (or radius of dominance) of a summit measures how far the summit lies from its nearest point of equal elevation.[4]

Five major Canadian summits exceed 5000 metres (16,404 feet) elevation, 11 exceed 4500 metres (14,764 feet), the following 19 summits exceed 4000 metres (13,123 feet), 41 exceed 3500 metres (11,483 feet), 67 exceed 3000 metres (9843 feet), and 125 exceed 2500 metres (8202 feet) elevation.

Major 4000-metre summits[edit]

Of these 19 major 4000-metre summits of Canada, 17 are located in Yukon and two in British Columbia. Five of these summits lie on the international Yukon-Alaska border and one lies on the international British Columbia-Alaska border.

The 19 highest summits of Canada with at least 500 metres of topographic prominence

Rank Mountain peak Province Mountain range Elevation Prominence Isolation Location
1 Mount Logan[5][6][7]  Yukon Saint Elias Mountains 5956 m
19,541 ft
5247 m
17,215 ft
623 km
387 mi
60°34′02″N 140°24′20″W / 60.5671°N 140.4055°W / 60.5671; -140.4055 (Mount Logan)
2 Mount Saint Elias[8][9][10]  Alaska
 Yukon
Saint Elias Mountains 5489 m
18,009 ft
3429 m
11,250 ft
41.3 km
25.6 mi
60°17′34″N 140°55′51″W / 60.2927°N 140.9307°W / 60.2927; -140.9307 (Mount Saint Elias)
3 Mount Lucania[11][12][13][14]  Yukon Saint Elias Mountains 5260 m
17,257 ft
3080 m
10,105 ft
43.0 km
26.7 mi
61°01′17″N 140°27′58″W / 61.0215°N 140.4661°W / 61.0215; -140.4661 (Mount Lucania)
4 King Peak[15][16]  Yukon Saint Elias Mountains 5173 m
16,972 ft
1073 m
3,520 ft
4.68 km
2.91 mi
60°35′00″N 140°39′18″W / 60.5833°N 140.6549°W / 60.5833; -140.6549 (King Peak)
5 Mount Steele[17][18][19]  Yukon Saint Elias Mountains 5020 m
16,470 ft
760 m
2,493 ft
9.45 km
5.87 mi
61°05′34″N 140°18′42″W / 61.0929°N 140.3118°W / 61.0929; -140.3118 (Mount Steele)
6 Mount Wood[20][21][22]  Yukon Saint Elias Mountains 4860 m
15,945 ft
1200 m
3,937 ft
18.95 km
11.77 mi
61°13′57″N 140°30′44″W / 61.2326°N 140.5123°W / 61.2326; -140.5123 (Mount Wood)
7 Mount Vancouver[23][24][25]  Yukon Saint Elias Mountains 4812 m
15,787 ft
2712 m
8,898 ft
44.0 km
27.4 mi
60°21′32″N 139°41′53″W / 60.3589°N 139.6980°W / 60.3589; -139.6980 (Mount Vancouver)
8 Mount Slaggard[26][27]  Yukon Saint Elias Mountains 4742 m
15,558 ft
522 m
1,713 ft
7.74 km
4.81 mi
61°10′22″N 140°35′06″W / 61.1727°N 140.5851°W / 61.1727; -140.5851 (Mount Slaggard)
9 Mount Fairweather[28][29][30]
(Fairweather Mountain)
 Alaska
 British Columbia
Saint Elias Mountains 4671 m
15,325 ft
3961 m
12,995 ft
200 km
124.4 mi
58°54′23″N 137°31′35″W / 58.9064°N 137.5265°W / 58.9064; -137.5265 (Mount Fairweather)
10 Mount Hubbard[31][32]  Alaska
 Yukon
Saint Elias Mountains 4557 m
14,951 ft
2457 m
8,061 ft
34.4 km
21.3 mi
60°19′10″N 139°04′21″W / 60.3194°N 139.0726°W / 60.3194; -139.0726 (Mount Hubbard)
11 Mount Walsh[33][34]  Yukon Saint Elias Mountains 4506 m
14,783 ft
1366 m
4,482 ft
18.76 km
11.66 mi
61°00′13″N 140°01′02″W / 61.0037°N 140.0171°W / 61.0037; -140.0171 (Mount Walsh)
12 Mount Alverstone[35][36][37]
(Boundary Point 180)
 Alaska
 Yukon
Saint Elias Mountains 4420 m
14,500 ft
594 m
1,950 ft
3.62 km
2.25 mi
60°21′06″N 139°04′30″W / 60.3518°N 139.0749°W / 60.3518; -139.0749 (Mount Alverstone)
13 McArthur Peak[38][39]  Yukon Saint Elias Mountains 4380 m
14,370 ft
960 m
3,150 ft
9.10 km
5.65 mi
60°36′25″N 140°12′52″W / 60.6069°N 140.2144°W / 60.6069; -140.2144 (McArthur Peak)
14 Mount Augusta[40][41]  Alaska
 Yukon
Saint Elias Mountains 4289 m
14,070 ft
1549 m
5,082 ft
23.2 km
14.41 mi
60°18′27″N 140°27′30″W / 60.3074°N 140.4584°W / 60.3074; -140.4584 (Mount Augusta)
15 Mount Strickland[42][43][44]  Yukon Saint Elias Mountains 4260 m
13,976 ft
800 m
2,625 ft
7.35 km
4.57 mi
61°14′11″N 140°40′32″W / 61.2365°N 140.6755°W / 61.2365; -140.6755 (Mount Strickland)
16 Avalanche Peak[45][46][47]  Yukon Saint Elias Mountains 4228 m
13,871 ft
608 m
1,995 ft
4.54 km
2.82 mi
61°14′24″N 140°45′35″W / 61.2401°N 140.7597°W / 61.2401; -140.7597 (Avalanche Peak)
17 Mount Cook[48][49]  Alaska
 Yukon
Saint Elias Mountains 4194 m
13,760 ft
2350 m
7,710 ft
23.4 km
14.54 mi
60°10′54″N 139°58′52″W / 60.1816°N 139.9811°W / 60.1816; -139.9811 (Mount Cook)
18 Mount Craig[50][51][52]  Yukon Saint Elias Mountains 4060 m
13,320 ft
520 m
1,706 ft
6.97 km
4.33 mi
61°15′49″N 140°52′48″W / 61.2636°N 140.8800°W / 61.2636; -140.8800 (Mount Craig)
19 Mount Waddington[53][54][55][56]  British Columbia Coast Mountains 4019 m
13,186 ft
3289 m
10,791 ft
562 km
349 mi
51°22′25″N 125°15′49″W / 51.3737°N 125.2636°W / 51.3737; -125.2636 (Mount Waddington)

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ This article defines a significant summit as a summit with at least 100 metres (328.1 feet) of topographic prominence, and a major summit as a summit with at least 500 metres (1640 feet) of topographic prominence. All summits in this article have at least 500 meters of topographic prominence. An ultra-prominent summit is a summit with at least 1500 metres (4921 feet) of topographic prominence.
  2. ^ a b If the elevation or prominence of a summit is calculated as a range of values, the arithmetic mean is shown.
  3. ^ The topographic prominence of a summit is the topographic elevation difference between the summit and its highest or key col to a higher summit. The summit may be near its key col or quite far away. The key col for Denali in Alaska is the Isthmus of Rivas in Nicaragua, 7642 kilometers (4749 miles) away.
  4. ^ The topographic isolation of a summit is the great-circle distance to its nearest point of equal elevation.
  5. ^ The summit of Mount Logan is the highest point of the Saint Elias Mountains, Yukon, and all of Canada.
  6. ^ "Mount Logan". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  7. ^ "Mount Logan". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  8. ^ Mount Saint Elias is the second highest major summit of both Canada and the United States.
  9. ^ "Mount Saint Elias". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  10. ^ "Mount Saint Elias". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  11. ^ The summit of Mount Lucania is the highest point of the northern Saint Elias Mountains.
  12. ^ Mount Lucania is the northernmost summit of its elevation in Canada.
  13. ^ "Mount Lucania". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  14. ^ "Mount Lucania". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  15. ^ "King Peak". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  16. ^ "King Peak". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  17. ^ Mount Steele is the northernmost and easternmost 5000-meter (16,404-foot) summit of Canada.
  18. ^ "Mount Steele". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  19. ^ "Mount Steele". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  20. ^ Mount Wood is the northernmost summit of its elevation in Canada.
  21. ^ "Mount Wood". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  22. ^ "Mount Wood". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  23. ^ Mount Vancouver is the easternmost summit of its elevation in Canada.
  24. ^ "Mount Vancouver". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  25. ^ "Mount Vancouver". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  26. ^ "Mount Slaggard". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  27. ^ "Mount Slaggard". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  28. ^ Mount Fairweather lies on the international border between Alaska and British Columbia. The peak is the highest point of the Canadian Province of British Columbia and the southernmost and easternmost summit of its elevation in both Canada and the United States.
  29. ^ "Mount Fairweather". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  30. ^ "Mount Fairweather". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  31. ^ "Mount Hubbard". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  32. ^ "Mount Hubbard". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  33. ^ "Mount Walsh". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  34. ^ "Mount Walsh". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  35. ^ "BOUNDARY POINT 180". Datasheet for NGS Station UV3032. United States National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  36. ^ "Mount Alverstone". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  37. ^ "Mount Alverstone". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  38. ^ "McArthur Peak". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  39. ^ "McArthur Peak". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  40. ^ "Mount Augusta". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  41. ^ "Mount Augusta". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  42. ^ Mount Strickland is the northernmost summit of its elevation in Canada.
  43. ^ "Mount Strickland". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  44. ^ "Mount Strickland". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  45. ^ Avalanche Peak is the northernmost summit of its elevation in Canada.
  46. ^ "Avalanche Peak". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  47. ^ "Avalanche Peak". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  48. ^ "Mount Cook". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  49. ^ "Mount Cook". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  50. ^ Mount Craig is the northernmost 4000-meter (13,123-foot) summit of Canada.
  51. ^ "Mount Craig". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  52. ^ "Mount Craig". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  53. ^ The summit of Mount Waddington is the highest point of the Coast Mountains.
  54. ^ Mount Waddington is the southernmost and easternmost 4000-meter (13,123-foot) summit of Canada.
  55. ^ "Mount Waddington". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  56. ^ "Mount Waddington". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 60°34′02″N 140°24′20″W / 60.5671°N 140.4055°W / 60.5671; -140.4055 (Mount Logan)