4003 Schumann

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4003 Schumann
Discovery [1]
Discovered by F. Börngen
Discovery site Karl Schwarzschild Obs.
Discovery date 8 March 1964
Designations
MPC designation 4003 Schumann
Named after
Robert Schumann
(composer)[2]
1964 ED · 1933 FG1
1967 RK1 · 1968 UL3
1974 SE2 · 1978 GM4
1980 RH2 · 1980 TP6
1981 WV8
main-belt (outer)[1][3]
Orbital characteristics[1]
Epoch 31 July 2016 (JD 2457600.5)
Uncertainty parameter 0
Observation arc 83.07 yr (30,341 days)
Aphelion 3.7501 AU
Perihelion 3.1055 AU
3.4278 AU
Eccentricity 0.094
6.35 yr (2,318 days)
281.5584°
0° 9m 19.08s / day
Inclination 5.0585°
189.3064°
116.0926°
Physical characteristics
Dimensions 35.00±0.89 km[4]
38.207±0.611 km[5]
32.03 km (calculated)[3]
5.7502±0.0007 h[6]
5.601±0.001 h[7]
5.6040±0.0019 h[8]
5.5984±0.0019 h[8]
0.072±0.004[4]
0.0439±0.0089[5]
0.057 (assumed)[3]
C[3]
11.2[1][3]
10.80[4]
11.1[5]
11.40±0.20[9]
11.186±0.002 (R)[8]
11.154±0.003 (R)[8]

4003 Schumann, provisional designation 1964 ED, is a carbonaceous asteroid from the outer region of the asteroid belt, about 35 kilometers in diameter. It was discovered by German astronomer Freimut Börngen at the Karl Schwarzschild Observatory in Tautenburg, Eastern Germany, on 8 March 1964.[10]

The dark C-type asteroid orbits the Sun at a distance of 3.1–3.8 AU once every 6 years and 4 months (2,318 days). Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.09 and an inclination of 5° with respect to the plane of the ecliptic.[1] The first precovery was obtained at Heidelberg Observatory in 1933, extending the asteroid's observation arc by 31 years prior to its discovery.[10]

According to the space-based surveys carried out by the Japanese Akari satellite and NASA's Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer with its NEOWISE mission, the asteroid's surface has an albedo of 0.04 and 0.07, and an estimated diameter of 35.0 and 38.2 kilometers, respectively.[4][5] The Collaborative Asteroid Lightcurve Link assumes a standard albedo for carbonaceous bodies of 0.057, and calculates a diameter of 32.0 kilometers.[3]

Several photometric light-curve analysis rendered a rotation period between 5.60 and 5.75 hours with a brightness amplitude in the range of 0.20 to 0.23 in magnitude (U=3-/2+/2).[6][7][8]

The minor planet was named in honor of German composer of the Romantic era, Robert Schumann (1810–1856), known for his Lieder, chamber works and cello concerti. He was born in Zwickau, in proximity to the discovering observatory in Tautenburg.[2] Naming citation was published on 20 May 1989 (M.P.C. 14634).[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 4003 Schumann (1964 ED)" (2016-04-19 last obs.). Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved May 2016. 
  2. ^ a b Schmadel, Lutz D. (2007). Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – (4003) Schumann. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 341. ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3. Retrieved May 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f "LCDB Data for (4003) Schumann". Asteroid Lightcurve Database (LCDB). Retrieved May 2016. 
  4. ^ a b c d Usui, Fumihiko; Kuroda, Daisuke; Müller, Thomas G.; Hasegawa, Sunao; Ishiguro, Masateru; Ootsubo, Takafumi; et al. (October 2011). "Asteroid Catalog Using Akari: AKARI/IRC Mid-Infrared Asteroid Survey". Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan 63 (5): 1117–1138. Bibcode:2011PASJ...63.1117U. doi:10.1093/pasj/63.5.1117. Retrieved May 2016. 
  5. ^ a b c d Mainzer, A.; Grav, T.; Masiero, J.; Hand, E.; Bauer, J.; Tholen, D.; et al. (November 2011). "NEOWISE Studies of Spectrophotometrically Classified Asteroids: Preliminary Results". The Astrophysical Journal 741 (2): 25. arXiv:1109.6407. Bibcode:2011ApJ...741...90M. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/741/2/90. Retrieved May 2016. 
  6. ^ a b Behrend, Raoul. "Asteroids and comets rotation curves – (4003) Schumann". Geneva Observatory. Retrieved May 2016. 
  7. ^ a b Brinsfield, J. W. (April 2011). "Asteroid Lightcurve Analysis at the Via Capote Observatory: 4th Quarter 2010". The Minor Planet Bulletin 38 (2): 73–74. Bibcode:2011MPBu...38...73B. ISSN 1052-8091. Retrieved May 2016. 
  8. ^ a b c d e Waszczak, Adam; Chang, Chan-Kao; Ofek, Eran O.; Laher, Russ; Masci, Frank; Levitan, David; et al. (September 2015). "Asteroid Light Curves from the Palomar Transient Factory Survey: Rotation Periods and Phase Functions from Sparse Photometry". The Astronomical Journal 150 (3): 35. arXiv:1504.04041. Bibcode:2015AJ....150...75W. doi:10.1088/0004-6256/150/3/75. Retrieved May 2016. 
  9. ^ Veres, Peter; Jedicke, Robert; Fitzsimmons, Alan; Denneau, Larry; Granvik, Mikael; Bolin, Bryce; et al. (November 2015). "Absolute magnitudes and slope parameters for 250,000 asteroids observed by Pan-STARRS PS1 - Preliminary results". Icarus 261: 34–47. arXiv:1506.00762. Bibcode:2015Icar..261...34V. doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2015.08.007. Retrieved May 2016. 
  10. ^ a b "4003 Schumann (1964 ED)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved May 2016. 
  11. ^ "MPC/MPO/MPS Archive". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved May 2016. 

External links[edit]