401 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
401 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 401 BC
Ab urbe condita 353
Ancient Egypt era XXVIII dynasty, 4
- Pharaoh Amyrtaeus, 4
Ancient Greek era 94th Olympiad, year 4
Assyrian calendar 4350
Bengali calendar −993
Berber calendar 550
Buddhist calendar 144
Burmese calendar −1038
Byzantine calendar 5108–5109
Chinese calendar 己卯(Earth Rabbit)
2296 or 2236
    — to —
庚辰年 (Metal Dragon)
2297 or 2237
Coptic calendar −684 – −683
Discordian calendar 766
Ethiopian calendar −408 – −407
Hebrew calendar 3360–3361
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat −344 – −343
 - Shaka Samvat N/A
 - Kali Yuga 2700–2701
Holocene calendar 9600
Iranian calendar 1022 BP – 1021 BP
Islamic calendar 1053 BH – 1052 BH
Javanese calendar N/A
Julian calendar N/A
Korean calendar 1933
Minguo calendar 2312 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar −1868
Thai solar calendar 142–143

Year 401 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Tribunate of Potitus, Cossus, Camillus, Ambustus, Mamercinus and Iullus (or, less frequently, year 353 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 401 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]

Persian empire[edit]


  • The Greek mercenaries fighting for Cyrus are left stranded after Cyrus' defeat. They fight their way north through hostile Persians, Armenians, and Kurds to Trapezus on the coast of the Black Sea under Xenophon, who becomes their leader when the Persian satrap, Tissaphernes has Clearchus of Sparta and the other senior Greek captains captured and executed by Artaxerxes.
  • Agesilaus II becomes king of Sparta on the death of his stepbrother Agis II.


By topic[edit]