407th Air Refueling Squadron
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|407th Air Refueling Squadron|
Emblem of the 407th Air Refueling Squadron
|Branch||United States Air Force|
The 407th Air Refueling Squadron is an inactive United States Air Force unit. Its last was assigned to the 42d Bombardment Wing, stationed at Loring Air Force Base, Maine. It was inactivated on 1 October 1990.
Activated as a B-17 Flying Fortress reconnaissance squadron in early 1942; trained by Third Air Force in the southeastern United States. Performed antisubmarine duty while training in Florida, March–July 1942.
Deployed to European Theater of Operations (ETO), being assigned to VIII Bomber Command in England, one of the first squadrons being assigned to the command. In the ETO, the squadron initially trained replacement crews for combat at RAF Bovingdon. Upon completion of its training mission, the 407th moved to RAF Alconbury on 6 January 1943 where it and its parent 92d Bombardment Group underwent reorganization. When they emerged in May 1943, the 92 BG and 407 BS were ready for combat. The group's B-17s, flew their first post-reorganization combat mission on 15 May 1943, and participated in the air offensive over Nazi Germany and Occupied Europe until German capitulation in May 1945.
Reassigned to Air Transport Command in June 1945 as part of Operation Green. Used B-17s as transports, flying demobilized personnel to ATC sites in Morocco and Azores from France. Aircraft turrets were removed and re-skinned, the bomb racks removed, flooring and seating installed to accommodate 30 passengers. The flight crew was reduced to pilot, co-pilot, navigator, flight engineer and radio operator. In addition the engineer and radio operator would act as stewards, to assist and calm the many first time flyers. Inactivated in February 1946.
Reactivated and redesignated by Strategic Air Command as an air refueling squadron in November 1953. From Activation in 1953 until summer of 1957, the 407th Air Refueling Squadron deployed KB-29 aircraft and crews on air refueling missions to many parts of the world, participating in a continuing series of strategic exercises as required by Strategic Air Command. The unit conducted similar operations with the KC-97 aircraft between Jul 1957 and Jul 1961, and with the KC-135 aircraft after Jul 1962, providing air refueling support for various kinds of aircraft from several commands on missions ranging from regional movements to intercontinental flights. Inactivated in October 1990.
- Constituted as 17th Reconnaissance Squadron (Heavy) on 28 January 1942
- Activated on 1 March 1942.
- Redesignated as 407th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy) on 22 April 1942
- Inactivated on 28 February 1946
- Consolidated with the 407th Air Refueling Squadron, Heavy on 15 September 1985
- Constituted as 407th Air Refueling Squadron, Strategic Fighter, on 13 Nov 1953
- Activated on 18 Dec 1953
- Redesignated as 407th Air Refueling Squadron, Medium, on 15 Sep 1958
- Discontinued and inactivated on 15 Jul 1961
- Redesignated as 407th Air Refueling Squadron, Heavy, and activated, on 26 Jan 1962
- Organized on 1 Apr 1962
- Inactivated on 1 Oct 1990.
- 92d Bombardment Group, 1 March 1942 – 28 February 1946
- 407th Strategic Fighter Wing, 18 Dec 1953
- 4061st Air Refueling Wing, 1 Jul 1957 – 15 Jul 1961
- Strategic Air Command, 26 Jan 1962
- 19th Bombardment Wing, 1 Apr 1962
- 42d Bombardment Wing, 2 Jul 1968 – 1 Oct 1990
- Barksdale Field, Louisiana, 1 March 1942
- MacDill Field, Florida, 26 March 1942
- Sarasota Army Airfield, Florida, 18 May – July 1942
- RAF Bovingdon (AAF-112), England, August 1942
- RAF Alconbury (AAF-102), England, January 1943
- RAF Podington (AAF-109), England, 15 September 1943
- Istres Air Base, France, June 1945 – 28 February 1946
- Great Falls (later, Malmstrom) AFB, Montana, 18 December 1953 – 15 July 1961
- Homestead AFB, Florida, 1 Apr 1962
- Loring AFB, Maine, 2 Jul 1968 – 1 Oct 1990
- B-17 Flying Fortress, 1942–1946
- KB-29 Superfortress (Tanker), 1953–1957
- KC-97 Stratotanker, 1957–1961
- KC-135 Stratotanker, 1962–1990
- Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1982) . Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-405-12194-6. LCCN 70605402. OCLC 72556.
- History of the 407th Air Refueling Squadron