409 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
409 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 409 BC
Ab urbe condita 345
Ancient Egypt era XXVII dynasty, 117
- Pharaoh Darius II of Persia, 15
Ancient Greek era 92nd Olympiad, year 4
Assyrian calendar 4342
Balinese saka calendar N/A
Bengali calendar −1001
Berber calendar 542
Buddhist calendar 136
Burmese calendar −1046
Byzantine calendar 5100–5101
Chinese calendar 辛未(Metal Goat)
2288 or 2228
    — to —
壬申年 (Water Monkey)
2289 or 2229
Coptic calendar −692 – −691
Discordian calendar 758
Ethiopian calendar −416 – −415
Hebrew calendar 3352–3353
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat −352 – −351
 - Shaka Samvat N/A
 - Kali Yuga 2692–2693
Holocene calendar 9592
Iranian calendar 1030 BP – 1029 BP
Islamic calendar 1062 BH – 1061 BH
Javanese calendar N/A
Julian calendar N/A
Korean calendar 1925
Minguo calendar 2320 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar −1876
Thai solar calendar 134–135
Tibetan calendar 阴金羊年
(female Iron-Goat)
−282 or −663 or −1435
    — to —
(male Water-Monkey)
−281 or −662 or −1434

Year 409 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Cossus and Medullinus (or, less frequently, year 345 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 409 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


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  • Taking advantage of the quarrels between the Greek cities in Sicily and of the mutual exhaustion of Athens and Syracuse, Carthage seeks to reimpose its influence over the island. Hannibal Mago, grandson of Hamilcar, invades Sicily with a strong force. He defeats the Sicilian Greeks and avenges his grandfather through the torture and killing of 3,000 Greek prisoners. He captures the cities of Selinus (modern Selinunte) and Himera, before returning triumphantly to Carthage with the spoils of war.

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