40s BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
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This article concerns the period 49 BC – 40 BC.

Events[edit]

49 BC

By place and Date[edit]

Roman Republic[edit]

48 BC[edit]

By place[edit]

Roman Republic[edit]
Egypt[edit]
  • September 28 – Pompey the Great is assassinated on orders of King Ptolemy XIII after landing in Egypt (may have occurred September 29, records unclear).
  • October – Julius Caesar reaches Alexandria, a city founded by Alexander the Great. He is met by an Egyptian delegation from Ptolemy XIII. The Egyptians offer him gifts: the ring of Pompey and his head.
  • Queen Cleopatra VII returns to the palace rolled into a Persian carpet and has it presented to Caesar by her servant. The Egyptian princess, only twenty-one years old, becomes his mistress.
  • December – Battle in Alexandria: Forces of Caesar and his ally Cleopatra VII and those of rival King Ptolemy XIII and Queen Arsinoe IV. The latter two are defeated and flee the city, but during the battle part of the Library of Alexandria catches fire.
Asia[edit]

47 BC[edit]

By place[edit]

Roman Republic[edit]
Egypt[edit]
Anatolia[edit]
Judea[edit]
China[edit]

46 BC[edit]

By place[edit]

Roman Republic[edit]

45 BC[edit]

By place[edit]

Roman Republic[edit]
Asia[edit]

44 BC[edit]

By place[edit]

Roman Republic[edit]
Europe[edit]

43 BC[edit]

By place[edit]

Roman Republic[edit]
Gaul[edit]
Asia[edit]

42 BC[edit]

By place[edit]

Roman Republic[edit]

41 BC[edit]

By place[edit]

Roman Republic[edit]
Egypt[edit]

40 BC[edit]

By place[edit]

Roman Republic[edit]

Asia[edit]

Egypt[edit]
Greece[edit]
Parthia[edit]
China[edit]

Significant people[edit]

Births[edit]

  • Tiberius Claudius Nero, better known as Tiberius. He was born in 42 BC, and eventually became a Roman emperor.

Deaths[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Warfare in the Classical World, John Warry (1980), p. 177. ISBN 0-8061-2794-5
  2. ^ Haskell, H. J.: This was Cicero (1964), p. 293