413 series

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413 series
JRW EC 413 series B9.jpg
Set B9, August 2010
In service March 1986–Present
Constructed 1985-1989
Number built 31 vehicles (11 sets)
Number in service 31 vehicles (11 sets)
Formation 3 cars per trainset
Fleet numbers B01-B11
Operator(s) JNR (1986–1987)
JR-West (1987–)
Ainokaze Toyama Railway (2015–)
Depot(s) Kanazawa
Line(s) served Hokuriku Main Line
Ainokaze Toyama Railway Line
Specifications
Car body construction Steel
Car length 20,000 mm (65 ft 7 in)
Width 2,950 mm (9 ft 8 in)
Doors 2 pairs per side
Maximum speed 110 km/h (70 mph)
Electric system(s) 1,500 V DC, 20 kV AC, 60 Hz overhead catenary
Current collection method Pantograph
Track gauge 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)

The 413 series (413系, Yonhyaku-jūsan-kei) is a Japanese dual-voltage (1,500 V DC and 20 kV AC 60 Hz) electric multiple unit (EMU) train type first introduced by Japanese National Railways (JNR) in March 1986, and later operated on local services on the Hokuriku Main Line by the West Japan Railway Company (JR-West) from 1987[1] and also by the third-sector railway operating company Ainokaze Toyama Railway from March 2015. The units were built by re-using the underframes, bogies and electrical equipment from former 471 series and 473 series express-type EMUs with new suburban type bodies based on the design of the 417 series EMUs introduced in 1978.[1]

Variants[edit]

  • 413-0 series: 29 cars converted from former 471 series cars
  • 413-100 series: two cars (KuMoHa 413-101 and MoHa 412-101) converted from former 473 series cars

Operations[edit]

JR-West trainsets are used on the Nanao Line, Hokuriku Main Line, and IR Ishikawa Railway.[2] Ainokaze Toyama Railway trainsets are used on the Ainokaze Toyama Railway, IR Ishikawa Railway, and Echigo Tokimeki Railway.[2]

Formations[edit]

As of 1 April 2016, all 31 of the 413 series cars built are in service, with six three-car sets (including two 455 series cars) operated by JR-West and five three-car sets operated by Ainokaze Toyama Railway.[2]

Trainsets consist of two motored ("Mc" and "M") cars and a non-powered driving trailer ("Tc") car, with the Tc car at the Kanazawa end.[2]

Designation Mc M' Tc'
Numbering KuMoHa 413 MoHa 412 KuHa 412
  • The MoHa 412 car is fitted with one PS21 lozenge-type pantograph.[2]
  • Sets B04 and B11 have a KuHa 455-700 driving car at the west (Kanazawa) end.[2] These were converted from former SaHa 455 intermediate cars.[1]
  • Set B11 includes 413-100 series cars KuMoHa 413-101 and MoHa 412-101.[2]

Interior[edit]

Passenger accommodation consists of a mixture of transverse four-person seating bays and longitudinal bench seating.[1]

History[edit]

The eleven three-car sets were built between 1985 and 1989.[3]

From 14 March 2015, five 413 series sets (B01 to B03, B07, and B10) were transferred from JR-West ownership to the third-sector railway operating company Ainokaze Toyama Railway, which took over control of the section of the former Hokuriku Main Line within Toyama Prefecture when it was separated from the JR-West network, coinciding with the opening of the Hokuriku Shinkansen extension from Nagano to Kanazawa.[4] The former identities of the trainsets operated by Ainokaze Toyama Railway are as follows:[2]

Set No. Former JR-West No.
AM01 B01
AM02 B02
AM03 B03
AM04 B07
AM05 B10

In 2016, Ainokaze Toyama Railway set AM03 was modified at JR-West's Kanazawa Workshop for use as a special-event train, receiving Toyama Emaki (とやま絵巻) branding and a new external livery.[5]

Future developments[edit]

From the first half of fiscal 2018, an Ainokaze Toyama Railway 413 series set will be rebuilt as a tourist train, returning to service on the line in the second half of fiscal 2018.[6]

Livery variations[edit]

Initially painted in maroon with a white stripe, the sets later received the JR-West "New Hokuriku" livery of "oyster white" with "light cobalt blue" lining.[3] From 2012, some sets received the overall blue (color code "DIC N-897") livery applied to JR-West Kanazawa area local trainsets, however, the JR-West fleet was subsequently repainted into an overall crimson (color code "DIC N-715") Nanao Line livery, with all trainsets treated by April 2016.[2]

JR-West[edit]

Set No. Livery (as of April 2016) All-over blue All-over crimson
B04      Crimson February 2013 April 2015
B05      Crimson - December 2015
B06      Crimson - March 2016
B08      Crimson February 2013 April 2016
B09      Crimson February 2013 July 2014
B11      Crimson - July 2015

Ainokaze Toyama Railway[edit]

Set No. Livery (as of April 2016) All-over blue Notes
AM01      White/blue -
AM02      White/blue -
AM03      Toyama Emaki March 2013 Converted to Toyama Emaki train in August 2016
AM04      Blue May 2014
AM05      Blue February 2014

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d JR全車輌ハンドブック2009 [JR Rolling Stock Handbook 2009]. Japan: Neko Publishing. 2009. p. 297. ISBN 978-4-7770-0836-0. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i JR電車編成表 2016夏 [JR EMU Formations - Summer 2016] (in Japanese). Japan: Kotsu Shimbunsha. 20 May 2016. p. 139, 142. ISBN 978-4-330-68216-7. 
  3. ^ a b JR電車編成表 2015冬 [JR EMU Formations - Winter 2015] (in Japanese). Japan: Kotsu Shimbunsha. 21 November 2014. pp. 141, 259. ISBN 978-4-330-51614-1. 
  4. ^ Terada, Hirokazu (June 2015). 北陸新幹線長野ー金沢間開業 並行在来線4社5路線を訪ねて(1) [Visiting the 5 parallel conventional lines of 4 companies following the opening of the Hokuriku Shinkansen between Nagano and Kanazawa]. Japan Railfan Magazine (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 55 (650): 42–47. 
  5. ^ 413系「とやま絵巻」が出場 [413 series "Toyama Emaki" outshopped]. Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 2016. Archived from the original on 25 August 2016. Retrieved 25 August 2016. 
  6. ^ 観光列車の整備について [Tourist train details] (PDF) (in Japanese). Japan: Ainokaze Toyama Railway. 16 November 2015. Archived from the original (pdf) on 1 December 2015. Retrieved 1 December 2015.