4149 Harrison

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4149 Harrison
Discovery [1]
Discovered by B. A. Skiff
Discovery site Anderson Mesa Stn.
Discovery date 9 March 1984
Designations
MPC designation 4149 Harrison
Named after
George Harrison
(guitarist, The Beatles)[2]
1984 EZ
main-belt · Eunomia[3]
Orbital characteristics[1]
Epoch 16 February 2017 (JD 2457800.5)
Uncertainty parameter 0
Observation arc 39.07 yr (14,269 days)
Aphelion 2.9955 AU
Perihelion 2.3361 AU
2.6658 AU
Eccentricity 0.1237
4.35 yr (1,590 days)
159.71°
0° 13m 35.04s / day
Inclination 12.924°
154.74°
76.606°
Physical characteristics
Dimensions 8.14 km (derived)[3]
10.130±0.081[4]
10.739±0.042 km[5]
3.7490±0.0002 h[a]
3.956±0.001 h[6]
0.1856±0.0479[5]
0.21 (assumed)[3]
0.230±0.035[4]
S[3]
12.3[1][5] · 12.31±0.16 (R)[a] · 12.54±0.22[7] · 12.76[3]

4149 Harrison, provisional designation 1984 EZ, is a stony Eunomian asteroid from the middle region of the asteroid belt, approximately 10 kilometers in diameter. It was discovered on 9 March 1984, by American astronomer Brian A. Skiff at Lowell's Anderson Mesa Station in Flagstaff, Arizona.[8]

The asteroid is a member of the Eunomia family, a large group of S-type asteroids and the most prominent family in the intermediate main-belt. It orbits the Sun at a distance of 2.3–3.0 AU once every 4 years and 4 months (1,590 days). Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.12 and an inclination of 13° with respect to the ecliptic.[1] The first precovery was taken at Palomar Observatory in 1977, extending the asteroid's observation arc by 7 years prior to its discovery.[8]

A rotational light-curve for this asteroid was obtained from photometric observations by Czech astronomer Petr Pravec at Ondřejov Observatory in May 2015. It gave a well-defined rotation period of 3.7490±0.0002 hours with a brightness variation of 0.42 in magnitude (U=3).[a] During the following month, photometric observations at three Italian observatories gave a second light-curve with a period of 3.956±0.001 hours and an amplitude of 0.37 in magnitude (U=2+).[6]

According to the survey carried out by the NEOWISE mission of NASA's Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer, the asteroid measures 10.1 and 10.7 kilometers in diameter and its surface has an albedo of 0.19 and 0.23, respectively,[4][5] while the Collaborative Asteroid Lightcurve Link assumes an albedo of 0.21 – derived from 15 Eunomia, the family's largest member and namesake – and calculates a diameter of 8.1 kilometers, based on an absolute magnitude of 12.76.[3]

The minor planet was named in honor of guitarist, singer and songwriter, George Harrison (1943–2001), who was the lead guitarist of the English rock band The Beatles, after which the main-belt asteroid 8749 Beatles is named. [2] The minor planets 4147 Lennon, 4148 McCartney and 4150 Starr honor the other three members of the band. Naming citation was published on 10 April 1990 (M.P.C. 16248).[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Pravec (2015) web: rotation period 3.7490±0.0002 hours with a brightness amplitude of 0.42 mag. G: 0.15±0.2, abs. magnitude: 12.31±0.16, phase: 11.1, PABL: 256.2, and PABB: 17.3. Summary figures at Collaborative Asteroid Lightcurve Link (CALL) for (4149) Harrison and Pravec, P.; Wolf, M.; Sarounova, L. (2015)
  1. ^ a b c d "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 4149 Harrison (1984 EZ)" (2016-11-05 last obs.). Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 5 December 2016. 
  2. ^ a b Schmadel, Lutz D. (2007). Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – (4149) Harrison. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 355. ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3. Retrieved 10 August 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f "LCDB Data for (4149) Harrison". Asteroid Lightcurve Database (LCDB). Retrieved 10 August 2016. 
  4. ^ a b c Masiero, Joseph R.; Grav, T.; Mainzer, A. K.; Nugent, C. R.; Bauer, J. M.; Stevenson, R.; et al. (August 2014). "Main-belt Asteroids with WISE/NEOWISE: Near-infrared Albedos". The Astrophysical Journal. 791 (2): 11. arXiv:1406.6645Freely accessible. Bibcode:2014ApJ...791..121M. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/791/2/121. Retrieved 5 December 2016. 
  5. ^ a b c d Mainzer, A.; Grav, T.; Masiero, J.; Hand, E.; Bauer, J.; Tholen, D.; et al. (November 2011). "NEOWISE Studies of Spectrophotometrically Classified Asteroids: Preliminary Results" (PDF). The Astrophysical Journal. 741 (2): 25. arXiv:1109.6407Freely accessible. Bibcode:2011ApJ...741...90M. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/741/2/90. Retrieved 10 August 2016. 
  6. ^ a b Papini, Riccardo; Franco, Lorenzo; Marchini, Alessandro; Salvaggio, Fabio (October 2015). "Rotation Period Determination for 4149 Harrison and (5633) 1978 UL7". The Minor Planet Bulletin. 42 (4): 281–283. Bibcode:2015MPBu...42..281P. ISSN 1052-8091. Retrieved 10 August 2016. 
  7. ^ Veres, Peter; Jedicke, Robert; Fitzsimmons, Alan; Denneau, Larry; Granvik, Mikael; Bolin, Bryce; et al. (November 2015). "Absolute magnitudes and slope parameters for 250,000 asteroids observed by Pan-STARRS PS1 - Preliminary results". Icarus. 261: 34–47. arXiv:1506.00762Freely accessible. Bibcode:2015Icar..261...34V. doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2015.08.007. Retrieved 10 August 2016. 
  8. ^ a b "4149 Harrison (1984 EZ)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 10 August 2016. 
  9. ^ "MPC/MPO/MPS Archive". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 10 August 2016. 

External links[edit]