414 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
414 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar414 BC
Ab urbe condita340
Ancient Egypt eraXXVII dynasty, 112
- PharaohDarius II of Persia, 10
Ancient Greek era91st Olympiad, year 3
Assyrian calendar4337
Balinese saka calendarN/A
Bengali calendar−1006
Berber calendar537
Buddhist calendar131
Burmese calendar−1051
Byzantine calendar5095–5096
Chinese calendar丙寅年 (Fire Tiger)
2283 or 2223
    — to —
丁卯年 (Fire Rabbit)
2284 or 2224
Coptic calendar−697 – −696
Discordian calendar753
Ethiopian calendar−421 – −420
Hebrew calendar3347–3348
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat−357 – −356
 - Shaka SamvatN/A
 - Kali Yuga2687–2688
Holocene calendar9587
Iranian calendar1035 BP – 1034 BP
Islamic calendar1067 BH – 1066 BH
Javanese calendarN/A
Julian calendarN/A
Korean calendar1920
Minguo calendar2325 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−1881
Thai solar calendar129–130
Tibetan calendar阳火虎年
(male Fire-Tiger)
−287 or −668 or −1440
    — to —
(female Fire-Rabbit)
−286 or −667 or −1439

Year 414 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Tribunate of Cossus, Ambustus, Potitus and Albinus (or, less frequently, year 340 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 414 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]


  • Athens responds to appeals from its general, Nicias, by sending out 73 vessels to Sicily under the command of Demosthenes to assist Nicias and his forces with the siege of Syracuse.
  • The Athenian army moves to capture Syracuse while the larger fleet of Athenian ships blocks the approach to the city from the sea. After some initial success, the Athenian troops become disorganised in the chaotic night operation and are thoroughly routed by Gylippus, the Spartan commander. The Athenian commander Lamachus is killed. Nicias, although ill, is left in sole charge of the siege of Syracuse.[1]

By topic[edit]





  1. ^ Durnerin, Marie; AMPAH 2019 (January 1, 2019). "The risk of open voting. Army, assembly and fake news at the end of the Sicilian Expedition". {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)